Tag Archives: Peace Process

Reason For Rejecting The Front Proposal

An article by Kantipur editor Narayan Wagle that talks about why Nepali Congress, mainly its leader and Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala, has rejected the proposal for a Front to promote pro-republican issues in Nepal. Title: ???????? ???????? ????????? ????

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??????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ????, ???? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ? ????? ??? ???? ????????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ? ????????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ????, ????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ? ? Continue reading Reason For Rejecting The Front Proposal

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Tired of Arrogance, People Rise Up Against Maoists

In their bid to prove the presence of their ‘government’ Maoists are doing everything that they can do in the time of peace: from ‘arresting’ gundas and hooligans in the capital city to stopping people from playing cards in villages. We all know they are in the process of bargaining in the peace talks and they need to continue demonstrating their power and influences. But it seems people do not like all of their activities, especially those in which Maoists seem to be intervening personal rights of the citizens. The recent arrests of ‘criminals’ in the valley was widely appreciated but the in Sarlahi and Jhapa when the comrades intervened in Deusi and other activities, they faced stiff resistance from locals. Enough is enough, people decided to act against the comrades. Continue reading Tired of Arrogance, People Rise Up Against Maoists

Update on Peace Process: Today's Political Developments

Update: Thursday, Sept 28: The much-awaited “summit talks” between the top leaders of the ruling seven-party alliance (SPA) and Maoists, earlier said to be held today but postponed for tomorrow (Friday), has been put off until the conclusion of the Dashain festival. (Here is more.)

Based on a report by Balaram Baniya and Ujjir Magar
Written by Wagle

After it was announced today that the high-level talks between the ruling Seven Party Alliance (SPA) and the Maoists have been rescheduled by as much as 24 hours for Friday, the question many wanted to raise was: Will the Alliance be able to come up with concrete agreement to face the rebels on the talks table? If so, no problem, take another week, why just a day. Forest minister Gopal Rai’s state funeral to be held tomorrow is being cited as the reason for this deferment though there are very few reasons to be hopeful about SPA coming in one voice regarding the most crucial issue: the monarchy. Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala is hell bent on giving space to monarchy, that is, saving the institution that the popular and historic April uprising clearly wanted to be abolished.

Today’s central committee meeting of Nepali Congress party, of which Prime Minister Koirala is the all-powerful president, discussed on its possible stand on interim constitution, formation of interim parliament and interim government, and to which extent the government and the party can be flexible in the talks with the Maoists. In the informal meeting that took place in the residence of the Prime Minister in Baluwataar, Koirala directed Home Minister and chief government negotiator and Shekhar Koirala, a central committee member of Nepali Congress, to talk to the Maoists and prepare for the high level talks. Both Sitalula and Shekhar met Dr. Baburam Bhattarai, one of the top Maoist leaders and Krishna Bahadur Mahara, the chief Maoist negotiator, this afternoon and talked about They talked about reaching agreement on political package (interim constitution, interim parliament and interim government) along with arms management. Continue reading Update on Peace Process: Today's Political Developments

Peace Roadmap: An Appeal To The Leadership Of The Eight Parties

39 Nepalis (see the names below), buying space in Kantipur daily, appeal to leaders of Seven Party Alliance and the Maoist party. This appeal was first published in Nepali in the Sept 21 issue of Kantipur as an advertisement.

Sri Girija Prasad Koirala, Sri Madhav Kumar Nepal, Sri Sher Bahadur Deuba, Sri Amik Sherchan, Sri Narayan Man Bijukchhe (‘Rohit’), Sri Bharat Bimal Yadav, Sri Prabhu Narayan Chowdhary and Sri Pushpa Kamal Dahal (‘Prachanda’)

Gentlemen,

Before peace and democracy, fought for during the 2006 People’s Movement, have been attained, the country is entering a vortex of human insecurity. The forces that defeated royal authoritarianism by means of the 12-Point Agreement are growing apart, and this provides opportunities for reactionary elements to become active. Steps must be taken immediately to reduce the confusion and mistrust between the seven parliamentary parties and the Nepal Communist Party (Maoist) during the interim period before the elections to the Constituent Assembly. We appeal to the leadership of the eight parties to reach a wide-ranging agreement with regard to a peace settlement before the upcoming Dasain season. In our opinion, once the roadmap for peace is decided upon, the very maturity of the people will lead us through to the Constituent Assembly elections and the new Constitution. We urge the eight parties to put behind them questions of who has or has not conformed to their stated responsibilities thus far, and to move ahead with a new mutual understanding. Continue reading Peace Roadmap: An Appeal To The Leadership Of The Eight Parties

Arms Management: A Part of Nepali Politics

Political Threats: The Seven Party Alliance (SPA)/government of Nepal and the CPN (Maoist) have their own understandings, viewpoints and stances on peace and political threats.

UWB: Here we produce a ‘Situation Update-IX’ prepared by Kathmandu based NGO Conflict Study Center with contribution from Dr. Bishnu Pathak and Chitra Niraula. UWB received this analysis from CS Center.

Threats to SPA and/or government

• If the Maoists go for CA elections with arms, they would be wiped out in the elections. For this very reason, they fear of letting Maoists participate with arms and clamor for arms management prior to CA elections for free and fair elections.

• If the Maoists gain majority in the elections and take over state power, what would be the fate and role of their self and their parties. What the history has shown that they become fish out of water when they were ousted from power. Continue reading Arms Management: A Part of Nepali Politics

Prachanda Meets Prime Minister: Hope Of Peace Gains Strength

Thank God, finally it happened. The meeting between Maoist supremo Prachanda and Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala happens at a time when people were desperately looking for the second round to high level talks between the government and the rebels. The meeting also happens at a time when Maoists are intensifying their activities like extortion and kidnapping where as the government was casting doubt over the election of constituent assembly with its sluggishness in responding to issues like interim constitution. “The widening gulf between the SPA government and the Maoists in the past few weeks,” writes journalist Suresh Nath Neupane in eKantipur, “due to their failure to reach a consensus on the political issues to be included in the interim statute had created a deadlock in Nepali politics.” Continue reading Prachanda Meets Prime Minister: Hope Of Peace Gains Strength

Terror Continues: What Will Happen To Peace Process?

While they are protesting possible violation of code of conduct by the government, Maoists are intensifying their anti-peace process activities. Here are proofs:

calling from maoist captivity

Contacting From Captivity: Jodhi Sahakanu of Devapurteta in Bara district. He is in Maoist captivity following a conflict between locals and the rebels a week ago. He is talking to his mother on a cell phone from a Maoist temporary camp at Dumarban. Maoists let him contact his family following requests from the rights activists and journalists. In the conversation, he said that he was okay but while talking to his mother he broke into tears. Pic by Upendra Lamichhane via Kantipur Continue reading Terror Continues: What Will Happen To Peace Process?

Moriarty's Barrack Journey: Sabotaging Nepal's Peace Process?

American ambassador is visiting Nepali Army’s sensitive barracks one after another as if he is the defense minister.

By Sudheer Sharma

[Excerpt of an article in Nepali by the former editor of Nepal Magazine in Friday edition of Kantipur daily. Translated by UWB for the benefit of those who somehow know how to give lecture in Nepali but find it very difficult to read properly.]

Just as the Maoist stand of not managing the arms without political settlement makes parliamentarian circle skeptical about them, the rumor of government army importing weapons frightens the rebels. This is because the arms dispute is directly connected with the future of democracy (loktantra) in Nepal’s context. Perhaps the American ambassador James F. Moriarty has understood this well. On the same day (Wednesday) when the whole country was tense because of rumors of government’s arms import, he was in north western border district Darchula. He said- “I fear Nepal might leave the path of democracy.” Continue reading Moriarty's Barrack Journey: Sabotaging Nepal's Peace Process?

No Farewell to Arms?

By Deepak Adhikari

Wednesday saw contradictory statements (aired by BBC Nepali Service) by top-notch negotiating leaders of ongoing dialogue (or is it over?). Though, the committees headed by Maoist leader Krishna Bahadur Mahara and Home Minister Krishna Sitaula looks irrelevant after summit level talks between Prachanda and the Prime Minister, they made two different statements that are likely to jeopardize the peace process.

guerilla_pointing_gun.JPG
When Will This End? Maoist guerillas with their guns in Kailali. Pic by Dinesh Wagle

Krishna Sitaula remarked that Maoists can not participate in interim government unless they allow UN body to monitor their arms. Krishna Bahadur Mahara said that they could not do so before the election of Constituent Assembly. This seems to be the crux of the problem.

Observers believed that April Uprising would sow the seeds of political reconciliation and would result in a peaceful dawn. But as the ongoing dialogues and close-door agreement appear hazy, the peace process has become stagnant. The issue of management of Maoist’s arms has become the intriguing aspect of dialogue now. Given that their power lies in the barrel of the guns, Maoists unwillingness to withdraw arms until the CA election may result in yet another stalemate.

April’s mass protest was hailed as exemplary and extra-ordinary from around the world. But, ironically, a rebel force joining the government is likely to turn out as another uniqueness Nepal is giving to the world. Nowhere in the world does a rebel force agree to participate in the government while their guerillas still carry guns. This way, Maoists have been both the part of problem-solving and the problem itself.

Is a government with parallel armed force possible? Furthermore, Maoists were wary about House of Representative declaring one after another groundbreaking changes. This was unbearable for a force that clams to be ultra radical.

Prachanda, dressed in grey trouser and shirt in June 16, invoked Lord Buddha in his first public rendezvous with media persons. But, he failed to realize that his cadres have not ceased gun-wielding, killings and exhortations. Prachanda and his cohorts are responsible for bizarre rule in remote villages. Coincidently, Prachanda’s neatly combed and gelled hair is targeted to appeal to urban middle class Nepali who have been distancing themselves from Maoists.

‘Govt can feed Maoists during UN monitoring’

BY KULCHANDRA NEUPANE & DINESH REGMI

POKHARA, June 21 – Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula said here Wednesday that the government can bear the expenses of the Maoist army during arms monitoring by the United Nations.
“We are preparing to send a request to the UN for arms monitoring,” said Sitaula, adding, “After that, government can consider feeding the Maoists in barracks.”

Sitaula also said that Nepali Congress is yet to decide on the future of monarchy and that monarchy is ceremonial at the moment.

Pointing out that political parties are yet to make public their agendas for constituent assembly elections, he said Nepali Congress would make public its agenda after dates for elections are announced.

When NC workers of Kaski expressed dissatisfaction over Prime Minister Koirala’s recent remarks on monarchy, Sitaula said Koirala was only mentioning the current status of the King, and that ceremonial monarchy is not NC’s agenda for constituent assembly elections.

“We are yet to discuss monarchy, restructuring of state, inclusive democracy as well as economic and social progress,” he said. “All these agendas will be clear by the time dates of constituent assembly elections are announced.”

On why Nepali Army personnel are still stationed at check posts, Sitaula said that the understanding is not to allow army to appear armed in public places. He added the matter would be sorted out through UN monitoring. When reminded that the sides to negotiation have agreed not to demonstrate arms in public, he said that is in the process of being implemented.

He also said that government would not spare Nepali Army personnel and officials found guilty by the High Level Commission, of suppressing the people’s movement.

When prodded whether action would be initiated against the King, Sitaula said, “We will take action against everyone based on the commission’s report.”

After the June 16 agreement, Prachanda disclosed that interim government with Maoist involvement will be formed within a month. UN has shown eagerness to monitor the weapons. But, the government’s delay to send letter to UN, UN’s lengthy process of decision making is not taken into account by both sides. Both SPA government and Maoists are working without adequate homework. A mere appearance in PM’s quarter doesn’t guarantee peace that the Nepalis are desperately longing for.

United Nations and India in Nepali Peace Process

Now that the peace process has started (the code of conduct is already out), people are talking about its successful completion. The possible role of the United Nations is being discussed at full length. The Nepal government and the Maoist party have agreed in principle to invite the UN for monitoring the peace process. Also there is the talk of the role of India in the process. The Indian role, unfortunately, comes along with the role of UN. Journalist Tilak Pokharel reports in today’s Kathmandu Post:

The government will “soon” send a formal letter to the United Nations inviting it to play a role in the peace process, following an agreement with the Maoists and India’s green signal on UN involvement in Nepal.

According to a highly placed source, the government, the Maoists and India have agreed on two key areas for UN involvement, but some differences remain in a third area.

The three areas for UN involvement are:

1) Cease-fire monitoring

2) Assisting in decommissioning of Maoist arms and demobilization of the Maoist militia prior to constituent assembly (CA) elections, and

3) “Witnessing” of the ongoing government-Maoist talks through the UN’s physical presence.

Continue reading United Nations and India in Nepali Peace Process