Category Archives: Security 2

Need of the Hour for Nepal: A Complete End to the Maoist Intimidation

Today’s attack to Nepali Congress candidate Ram Sharan Mahat (more at the end of the post), first incident of Maoist highhandedness after their victory in the CA, is deplorable

As the Maoist is readying itself to assume the leadership of the government that is to be formed by the Constituent Assembly, Nepali society and the world are keenly watching the behavior of the former rebel party and its cadres. The spectacular endorsement of the Maoist party in the CA polls by the people has several messages. Some of them are listed below: Continue reading Need of the Hour for Nepal: A Complete End to the Maoist Intimidation

A Day After the Mosque Blasts, All Condemn the Conspiracy

Normal life across Morang and Sunsari district came to a grinding halt on Sunday following a strike called in protest of the bomb explosions at a mosque at Sarauchiya in Biratnagar sub-metropolis on Saturday night. Two persons were killed and two other injured when three bombs went off almost simultaneously at a mosque in Biratnagar last night. Educational institutions, industries and marketplaces remained shut and vehicles stayed off the road due to the shutdown called by Morang Business Association. The Morang District Administration lifted the curfew clamped in Biratnagar. The district administration had issued curfew orders from 9 last night till 8 this morning in the areas surrounding the mosque to take situation under control in the aftermath of the incident. Continue reading A Day After the Mosque Blasts, All Condemn the Conspiracy

The Great Integration Controversy (Maoists into National Army?)

Today’s Kathmandu Post has an interesting analysis of the controversy surrounding the possible “integration” of Maoist PLAs into National army.

By Damakant Jayshi

Of late, the integration of Maoist combatants (into Nepal Army) seems to be snow-balling into a major controversy and if not nipped in the bud, may develop into a major crisis. What has not helped matters is political party leaders – including very senior ones – joining the debate through public forums in various parts of the country. The latest round started when Chief of Army Staff Rookmangud Katawal said (on Jan 5) that the army should be kept free from any isms, ideology and political motivation.

Various agreements between the then seven-party alliance/government with the CPN (Maoist) right since the 12-point agreement in New Delhi in November 2005 are conspicuously silent whether Maoist combatants should be integrated into the army.

As per the Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) and the Interim Constitution of April last year, a high-level special committee (comprising four ministers) has to supervise, integrate and rehabilitate Maoist forces. As for Nepal Army, the government – in consultation with political parties and the Legislature-Parliament – is to formulate a plan to democratize Nepal Army, determine its right number and make it inclusive.

“The spirit of our agreements with the then SPA and later the government is that there should be restructuring of state security forces, which will lead to formation of a national army,” Dr Baburam Bhattarai of CPN (Maoist) who had been involved in discussion and signing of all documents, told the Kathmandu Post. He added that now the Maoists have agreed that the issue should not be raised before constituent assembly elections are held. Continue reading The Great Integration Controversy (Maoists into National Army?)

Commander Ananta: Integrate Maoist Guerillas in Police

If not in national army, the Maoist commander says, integrate our guerillas in police or other security forces. Generals who were skeptics about including politically motivate cadres into the national ‘neutral’ organization will definitely welcome this.

This is indeed a very interesting statement coming out from a senior Maoist leader. Deputy Commander of the Maoist People’s Liberation Army (PLA), Barsha Man Pun aka Ananata, said the Maoists were flexible on the issue of integrating their combatants in the existing security forces like the army, police and armed police force. He said the Maoists were positive even about creating new force like a border security force or industrial security force. “But the spirit of the agreement is integration in the national army,” he said yesterday in an interaction program in Kathmandu. Pun also said the Maoists want a national security policy that determines the size of the nation’s security forces. “We know the nation cannot afford a huge security force and we also want to mobilize the maximum state resources for construction,” the PLA’s deputy commander said. “But a decision on downsizing the forces should be taken after serious discussion.” Continue reading Commander Ananta: Integrate Maoist Guerillas in Police

Maoist in Nepal: 30,852 Guerillas, 3,428 Weapons. Really???

Now the questions are: Only that much? How could that be? Are you honest Maoist comrades?

For the record: The United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) yesterday revealed that a total of 30,852 People’s Liberation Army [of Communist Party of Maoist] militants were registered at the seven main and 21 sub cantonments across the nation while 3,428 weapons were registered in the first phase of verification process monitored by the UNMIN.

The List:

91 mortars (55 of which were locally-made);
61 machine guns;
2,403 rifles;
61 automatic weapons (sub-machine guns);
114 side-arms;
212 shotguns;
253 various/miscellaneous; and
233 home-made weapons

These weapons were registered during the first phase of arms and armies registration. But the Nepal Army claims Maoists had looted 3,430 weapons where as according to UNMIN Maoists registered a total of 3,428 weapons.

The UNMIL figure also includes “524 weapons retained for perimeter security by designated guards, in accordance with the Agreement on Monitoring of the Management of Arms and Armies (4.1.2), and 49 of the weapons are so far retained away from the cantonments, pending an understanding with the Government on arrangements for personal security of leaders,” the release stated. Meanwhile, the UNMIN also said that the number of weapons registered falls short of the number purported by the Maoists to have been commandeered from the security forces.

“The Nepal Army had made available to UNMIN a breakdown by types of 3,430 weapons which it states were taken from the Nepal Army, the Nepal Police and the Armed Police Force,” the UNMIN release said adding that the UNMIN is in the process of registering members of the Maoist army currently engaged in leadership security arrangements or undergoing medical treatment outside the cantonment sites.

The second phase of the arms registration process would begin by mid-March, UNMIN said. “Brief details of each combatant have been recorded at the first stage of registration, but have not been verified; each has been photographed and issued with an identity card with a UN bar code. Detailed information will be collected through individual interviews at the second stage of registration. The full modalities of the second stage process are under discussion in the JMCC, and it is expected to begin by mid-March,” the release stated.

Parents Visit A Maoist Army Camp To Bring Back Their 'Stolen' Kids

Maoist recruit child soldiers

Comrades, listen to what her tears are saying: Sarita Adhikari (right) cries as she tries to convince her brother on Saturday (Nov 18) who was out of contact with the family for the last three days. He was brought to this temporary camp in Guthi Bhauwa in Parsa district. Maoists have intensified recruiting soldiers, many of them minors, in this camp. All five pics by Subodh Singh

UWB Photo Blog: After the widespread condemnation of their act of recruiting children in their army, Maoist leadership has unconvincingly denied that they don’t have any policy of recruiting under age children in their army. But the recruitment drive hasn’t stopped and this suggests the top level decision isn’t being effectively communicated to the lower level set up of the Maoist party. Parents are visiting Maoist camps to bring back their children from being recruited in the PLA. Here are a few images Continue reading Parents Visit A Maoist Army Camp To Bring Back Their 'Stolen' Kids

Maoist Cantonment Inspection: Weather God Not Happy in Sindhuli

But Inspection Successful in Ilam.

Weather God not satisfied with the Peace Agreement between Nepal government and CPN Maoist? That might not be the case but the helicopter carrying UN, government and Maoist officials to inspect a Maoist-proposed cantonment site couldn’t land in Sindhuli this afternoon because of deteriorating weather condition. According to a report filed by Kantipur journalist based in Sindhulimadhi, the chopper made two rounds over Sindhuligadhi at around 3 PM trying unsuccessfully to make it through the thick fog. Maoist leaders, Nepal Army officials, seven party representatives, journalists and members of general public were present at the helipad from the very morning to receive the inspection team. With them were flowers, garlands and vermillion powder. CPN Maoist has proposed to keep the second of total seven divisions of its army in the historical fort (Sindhuligadhi), 25 kilometers north of the district headquarter. Under the second division are three brigades- Solu Selleri, Rambrikshya and BK Memorial. According to Shangram, the commander of Rambrikshya, preparations are going on to keep three brigades in Kamalakhoj, Manikshetra and Sarlahi Chure range.

Okay, the weather God wasn’t uncooperative in eastern district of Ilam where the tripartite inspection team landed successfully and inspected the Maoist-proposed cantonment site in the Chulachuli region. Even weather God can’t derail the Nepali peace process if the Moaist is serious to implement the agreement. And all developments indicate, the party is serious in bringing peace in country. Here is a report by Kantipur Ilam reporter Benup Raj Bhattarai:

As part of the first phase to inspect the seven Maoist-proposed cantonment sites, the tripartite team had arrived at Kamaljhoda of Chulachuli VDC 1, this afternoon and had an overview of the region. The joint team comprising of Minister for Tourism, Culture and Civil Aviation Pradip Gyawali, Defence Secretary Bishnu Dutta Uprety, UN security expert Jan Erik Wilhemson and Maoist deputy commanders Baldev and Pasang made an assessment of the area for about one and a half hours before returning to the capital this evening. The tripartite meeting held between the government, Maoists and the UN monitoring team yesterday had decided to confine the PLA members in the Maoist-proposed cantonment sites by November 21. The Chulachuli region lies 50 kilometres south of district headquarters Ilam and is near to Damak of Jhapa district.

As per the agreement, seven main and 21 tributary cantonments would be established in Palpa, Kavre, Rolpa, Kailali, Surkhet, Illam and Sindhuli to confine the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) members. Maoist sources say some 5,000 PLA will be settled under one division. According to Biplav-Sirjan Smriti Brigade commissar Sudarshan, three brigades will be established in the vicinity of Sankhejung, Siddhithumka and Phikkal VDC of Ilam. He said, though, the PLA members were decentralized as of now, once the camp is established they will be settled inside.

General Lunch: Nepal Army Cheif In Jawan Bhanchha

But Is This General Serious To Uplift the Situation of Soldiers in Nepali Army or These Photos Are Part Of His Publicity Stunts?

Nepali Army Jawan Bhanchha
Gyanendra Serves His Boss: Chief Of the Aarmy Staff General Rookmangad Katawal being served his lunch by Sipahi Gyanendra Karki and Sipahi Mansing Nepali at the NCO’s Mess (Jawan Bhanchha), Army HQ, last week.

By Dinesh Wagle
Photos and captions provided by Nepali Army DPR

In the last several days, just like at the time of conflict when the army was involved in fighting with the Maoists, we have been receiving press releases from the Directorate of the Public Relations (DPR) of the Nepali Army in our inbox along with many pictures that depict the visit of different barracks around the country by the Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) General Rookmangad Katawal. But the pictures are focused on showing only one aspect of the visit: that General Katawal is having lunch with soldiers in the Soldiers’ Mess. These visits have been described as the first of these kinds by the army. On the 5th and 6th of Kartik, General Katawal visited the barracks in Morang, Jhapa, Ilam, Panchthar, Bhojpur, Taplejung, Sankhuwasabha, Terathum, and Sunsari districts. “This is the first time a COAS has visited soldiers in remote army barracks and security base on the occasion of Dipawali,” a release issued by the DPR states. Continue reading General Lunch: Nepal Army Cheif In Jawan Bhanchha

Those Left Behind: Nepali Stories of Conflict

The teacher’s family was particularly anguished that the people who killed the teacher were actually his own students, and while in the aftermath, the children have left Lamjung, the killers roam freely there. “Killing your own teacher for an idea so vague and so wrong is like patricide at the most unimaginable state” my friend said.

By Ram Bahadur Chhetri
[This is not a real name. The writer is a Nepali scholar in the West Coast (the United States).]

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In the last few years, I have talked to a lot of Nepali who have suffered in this senseless civil war. The army and the Maoists have competed with each other in brutality, and made attempts to silence the population in the hope that their brutality never transpires outside the tall, impassable and impregnable mountains on whose steep chest our villagers live, and die. However, I have also discovered that their attempt to silence the population is so hollow, so ineffective, and that it is not possible to scare people by beating them, or by showing them the blood of other people. People speak; all you have to do is ask. When you ask slowly, the sluice gate of emotion opens up, and you slowly discover the trauma within them. I have talked to different people, and this has consistently been my experience. Continue reading Those Left Behind: Nepali Stories of Conflict

NEPAL ARMY SERIES– III: Integration? No Problem

By Ameet Dhakal
News Editor,
the Kathmandu Post

KATHMANDU, Aug 24 – When army men start talking about the Maoists something happens to them inside: the voice suddenly becomes loud and body language changes. It’s an intoxicating mix of excitement and anger. All the army personnel interviewed for this article said the Maoists came to the negotiating table because they could not win the shooting war – Nasakera aayeka hun (they came because they couldn’t). But none of them claimed that the army won either. In between this “we-didn’t-win-they-didn’t-win” acceptance lies the anguish of the Nepali Army (NA). After all, armies the world over are institutions created to win wars. Not winning creates a trauma of its own. Continue reading NEPAL ARMY SERIES– III: Integration? No Problem