Category Archives: Nepali Politics 2

Maoists and Main Stream Politics of Nepal

Instead of joining the mainstream the Maoists intend to define the mainstream.

By Neil Horning (Updates on Peace Process- inside)

Maoist cadre playing with children

A Maoist guerilla plays with children in a village in Myagdi. Pic by Neil Horning

About a year ago, while trekking in Nepal I took a photo of the distant Annapurna mountains framing a precariously perched, tin-roofed shack, scrawled on the side in bright blue English read, “Political power flows out of the barrel of a gun. -Mao Tse Tung.”

A year later, the graphite is reality.

The recent “April Uprising” has been lauded by the international community as a triumph for democracy and “people power.” The 19 day strike and protest program defied all conventional expectations and forced the increasingly dictatorial king Gyanendra to give up nearly all of his power. Most likely, the rest of it will be striped away as a result of Constituent Assembly elections in the weeks and months to come. Continue reading Maoists and Main Stream Politics of Nepal

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Analyzing Current Scenario in Nepal

By Chattra Bahadur

The role of intellectual class, which had played prominent role in providing impetus to the pro-democracy movement, has not been commendable after reinstatement of the Parliament. Rather than urging and allowing the government (and the reinstated Parliament) focus on the immediate task of initiating the stalled peace-process, they are pushing forward agendas which, at the best, may have weak link with the peace-process itself.

Some of the experts, while analyzing the present situation of widespread confusion with frequent noxious bouts of lawlessness in the capital city, asserted such instances being ‘normal’ during transitional phases. They are also quick to cite such instances during transition period in many countries all over the world. On the other hand, various leaders of different political hue, ministers in the government and other distinguished members of the civic society are often heard playing the blame-game or forewarning of some imaginary conspiracy by the disgraced members of the previous regime (without producing any evidence to support their hypotheses) and dire consequences of such actions. They would advise/request all to come forward to safeguard the ‘achievements’ of the Jana-Andolan 2062/63. At the same time, the Maoist leadership has maintained both high decibel and visibility. The Nepalese media, of course, is hyper-active in helping all the Nepalese realize their ‘right to know’ by reporting all these events. Continue reading Analyzing Current Scenario in Nepal

Maoist Mass Meeting: City Girl’s Perspective

By Zade 15
After attending the Maoist Mass Meeting in Khula Manch, Kathmandu.

…I see no reason for the crowd to get so excited. So the Maoists will be closer to our doorsteps, how happy should one feel? Who can you trust? The same applies to the SPA (Seven Party Alliance). The mass meetings in Khulamanch seem more of a fashion to me. I have been to all of them held after the 19-day movement (April). And on the stage speakers seem to lose their minds promising everything they can’t even make an attempt to think about. Big talk, always talk and petty actions. The monotony is killing me.

Jestha 19, 2063. The day is finally here. She calls me to come along. I am more than glad to accompany her. We get the Press Pass. The “Bepatta Pairwar Samaj” (Society of Disappeared Peoples’ Families) office is just across the office where we get the pass. A man there speaks in English. His elder brother “Deepak Neupane” disappeared one day after he went to Prithvi Narayan Campus, Pokhara. It was in 2061 B.S. Police in plain clothes arrested him as soon he stepped out of the campus premises. Continue reading Maoist Mass Meeting: City Girl’s Perspective

United States welcomes Nepal Political Parties unity

Madam Rocca is a Bit Happy, a Bit So So

“We remain concerned about the reports of continuing repression of civil liberties and additional arrests. We continue to urge the government of Nepal to release all political detainees, restore civil liberties, and reach out in a pro-active manner to the political parties. At the same time, we urge the political parties to work together and with the government. Their recent announcement of a untied front is an encouraging first step in this process.” Christina Rocca, Assistant Secretary of State, USA

Here is the speech of Rocca: It has been a year since my last visit to Nepal. Much has changed, but the fundamental crisis confronting Nepal remains the same. I am meeting with many government officials, politicians, media, and members of civil society during my short visit to discuss both these changes, and how Nepal can best cope with its political and developmental problems.

The United States has considered itself a close friend of Nepal since diplomatic relations were first established in 1947. In 1951, our economic assistance and Fulbright programs began here. Our total development assistance over the years amounts to 400 million dollars. Our security assistance over the past four years, including a one-time appropriation of 12 million dollars in 2002, amounts to 22 million dollars overall. In 1952, the first American library was opened by the then U.S. Information Service. In 1962, the Peace Corps program was established in Nepal. I am very happy to say that all programs continue to flourish- with the exception of Peace Corps, which had to suspend operations last October due to security concerns. And I hope that the Peace Corps will be able to resume operations as soon as that is feasible.

American development assistance to Nepal has increased dramatically over the past two years, jumping from $24 million to $42 million annually. Over half of this increased amount-$23 million- is earmarked for basic
health programs- from the Vitamin A program that saves the lives of 25,000 children each year to HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention. Other projects involve support for democratic institution building, such as
judicial reform programs, anit-trafficking, generation employment and income opportunities in rural areas to promote peace, facilitation agricultural market development, and last but not least, hydropower
development.

However, our assistance activities, together with the efforts of other international donors, are now at risk from a brutal Maoist insurgency. The Maoists have made clear their intention to impose a one-party “people’s republic,” collectivize agriculture, “reeducate” so-called class enemies, and export their revolution to neighboring states. We feel that such a regime would almost certainly threaten stability in the region. Much if not all of the progress that the United States and others have helped Nepal accomplish in terms of both development and democratization would be negated.

In my visits to Nepal I have taken the opportunity to make sure that the government was aware of our support for their efforts to counter the Maoists. The United States has a strong interest in helping the people of Nepal overcome this threat and deal with the country’s serious developmental problems. Our goals for Nepal can be put quite simply: we want Nepal to be peaceful, prosperous and democratic country where civil liberties and human rights are protected.

The United States and other friends of Nepal have long believed it is essential for Nepal’s legitimate political leaders to resolve the longstanding political impasse that has prevented a united effort to confront the two dangers facing Nepal- the Maoist insurgency and underdevelopment. The key to accomplishing this is for the legitimate political parties and the King to untie in a multi-party democratic framework in order to confront the Maoists and address the country’s serious developmental problems. Over the past several years we have encouraged political party leaders and the King to follow this course. We will continue to stress this message to the King and to all political forces.

While we welcome the steps taken by His Majesty’s Government to lift the Sate of Emergency and release political leaders, we remain concerned about the reports of continuing repression of civil liberties and additional arrests. We continue to urge the government of Nepal to release all political detainees, restore civil liberties, and reach out in a pro-active manner to the political parties. At the same time, we urge the political parties to work together and with the government. Their recent announcement of a untied front is an encouraging first step in this process. But the need of the hour is reconciliation: to develop and follow a joint roadmap to deal with the Maoists and work for a peaceful and prosperous Nepal.

We remain concerned about the widespread suffering of the Nepali people as a result of the Maoist insurgency, from abuses and atrocities by Maoists and also through human rights abuses by government security forces. The recent Government agreement to allow a UN Human Rights Office to begin operations in Nepal is a good first step, and we expect there will be full cooperation with the Office. An important focus of our engagement with the government of Nepal and its security services will remain the critical need for increased respect for human rights. We continue to check on military unites to ensure that none implicated in
human rights violations receives U.S. assistance. We have made it clear to the Government that we expect to see appropriate, timely and transparent investigations of any credible allegations of abuse and that failure to do so could jeopardize our ability to continue assistance.

The United States intends to continue our close relationship with Nepal and build trade, investments, and tourism. We will gladly work with all legitimate forces to make this a reality. The American people and their representatives in Congress take Nepal’s best interests to heart and watch developments closely. We in the Executive Branch have to be able to tell them there is political will among all the legitimate political elements to make progress toward peace and the resolution of a true multi-party democracy, including elections at the earliest possible time.

2 Comments »

Good flow of thoughts, perfect grammar, perfect sentence structure.

Words used are easy and understandable, while clearly explains the authors’ thought about the topic.

A perfect speech indeed!!!

I am sure she spoke well too

Comment by Critic — 5/10/2005 @ 10:51 pm

If I remember correctly it was Ms. Rocca who visited the camps of the Bhutanese Refugees about a decade ago. That visit had brought a lot of hope to the Bhutanese refugees. It had compelled India to take notice of poor Nepali refugees.

Hope you have not forgotten them.

BELATED THANKS FOR THAT VISIT !!!!

Comment by Bir Ghale — 5/11/2005 @ 2:49 am

Quarrelling Politicians of Nepal

It’s not the time to quarrel, SPA leaders should know, but to take bold action to establish democracy in the country. Pradeep Nepal and Arjun Nar Singh KC aren’t talking about principle, they are running after power.

Pradeep Nepal resigned from the Standing Committee of CPN UML saying that his party didn’t get respectable position in the cabinet. Arjun Nar Singh KC didn’t accept the post of spokesperson of Nepali Congress saying that the party didn’t discuss about the formation of cabinet with its members. Both Nepal and KC are top leaders of two biggest parties in the alliance and if you go by what they have said you tend to believe that they are indeed raising the issues of principle and justice. NO. These two folks represent the power-hungry and always quarreling groups in the Nepali political scene who always create problem out of nothing which, as we have seen in the past decade, defames democracy as a whole. Continue reading Quarrelling Politicians of Nepal

Transition to Democracy: Agenda for Nepal

After the historical popular movement, Nepal is going through a transition to democracy in Nepal. Here is a list of agenda for change and transitional justice:

By Gopal Krishna Siwakoti, PhD

1. Political Agenda

· Declare election for unconditional constituent assembly with reasonable time frame (maximum 15 months recommended).

· Declare ceasefire and establish monitoring mechanism in collaboration with civil society organizations, withdraw red corner notice and cases filed against the rebel leaders (Form a powerful consensus-based interim government including the Maoists to conduct long-cherished election for the constituent assembly. Continue reading Transition to Democracy: Agenda for Nepal

Historic House Session Begins in Nepalese Capital

Protesters and Prithvi Narayan Shah

Yes, this is real: As their leaders were discussing the future of Nepal inside the Parliament building in Singha Durbar, pro-democracy people ghearoed the country’s administrative center (where parliament house is located) to pressurize parliamentarians to take bold steps for constituent assembly. Activists went up to the statue of Prithvi Narayan Shah, who according to history books, unified Nepal some two hundred fifty years ago. Pic by Shaligram Tiwari

Blogger Tilak Pathak, who was in parliament this afternoon, reports:

Chitra Lekha Yadad read out the written message of Prime Minister Giirja Prasad Koirala. He proposed the parliament to hold an election to constituent assembly stating that his first commitment would be to implement the seven parties’ roadmap and the 12-point understanding. When Yadav read out the following lines, the house erupted in joy: “As per my commitment to go to constituent assembly to resolve the problems facing the country, I have registered a proposal to hold constituent assembly elections at the Parliament today itself.”

The first meeting of reinstated parliament became historic not only because of the circumstances but because of some procedures as well. There was no crown in the Gallery Baithak. The meeting convened at 5: 30 PM. Deputy Speaker Chitra Lekha Yadav chaired the meeting. Members welcomed her by with the thunderous applause. She welcomed all MPs and they raised to mark a two-minute silence to remember the martyr of second edition of the People’s Movement. “This meeting is historic,” she said. “International community were also surprised by the power of Nepal’s Peoples’ Movement.” She also said that people’s power has established the participatory democracy by defeating the power of gun.

– When former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba entered inside the Gallery Baithak at 3:45 PM, all MPs began to laugh. I couldn’t hear what he said but they might be talking about that day when Deuba recommended the dissolution of the same house four years ago.

-Many people expected Prime Minister Koirala to appear in the meeting. He didn’t come because of deteriorating health. In the written message Koirala hoped to assume the responsibility of Prime Minister because of the improving health condition.

-Indian communist leader Sita Ram Yachuri came inside the Parliament at 5:30 PM. Yadav informed the MPs about his arrival and welcomed him.

Original Post:
……….

Update3: Okay, the session is over now till Baishak 17 (April 30).

Update2: Oh my God, its historic. The rare scene from inside the Gallery Baithak is that every MP is approving this announcement from the prime minister via Deputy Speaker in unified manner: To go for constituent assembly.

Update: Yadav is reading out the written message from Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala in which he has tabled the proposal for the constituent assembly. He has mentioned that his first priority is to work as per the lines of the Seven Party Alliance and the 12-point understanding between the SPA and the Maoists.

Earlier we wrote: The historic first session of the parliament that was restored last week as per the popular demand of Nepali people has begun. Deputy Speaker of the House Chitra Lekha Yadav is in charge of the session. She is currently addressing the session as members of the parliament are approving her remarks. Nepali people were anxiously waiting to see the newly reinstated House of Representative in action this afternoon. The session began nearly four hours after the scheduled time. Earlier in the afternoon Kantipur Television was (and now too) constantly feeding live footage from inside the Gallery Baithak (the Parliament House).

Members of Parliament from all parties were appearing in front of the KTV cameras turn by turn from inside the meeting hall explaining the purpose of the today’s meeting. People in Kathmandu were (and are) glued to their TV sets. Seeing Chitra Lekha Yadav now on TV running the session reminds me of that day when these parliamentarians went to the courtyard of Patan Durbar Square to hold the special session of the House after they were denied the hall in downtown Kathmandu. Minutes after that special session began, it started raining. Parliamentarians didn’t seem to be caring about that. They continued the program even as the water from high above the sky started pouring in heavily.

Maoists Rally In Kathmandu

Maoist Rally in Kathmandu
The banner reads: Shahi ghosana dhoka ho [Royal proclamation is a Betrayal].

Maoist student organization is organizing a mass meeting in the heart of Kathmandu as we are writing these lines. Rallies from different parts of the city have reached Khula Manch, the mass meeting venue. Pics by Wagle

Shahid ko ragat ke bhanchha
Ganatantra le bhanchha

[Blood of the martyrs demands republicanism in Nepal]

That was the most chanted slogan in a rally that went from Tinkune half an hour ago. The destination of the rally? Khula Manch (open air theater) of course where a pro-Maoist student organization is holding a mass meeting. I saw a Nepali Congress flag in the rally in which participants were shouting slogans like Nisart sambidhan sabha ghosana gar [Declare unconditional Constituent Assembly], Shahi sena kharej gar, rastriya sena ghosana gar [Scrap the royal army, announce the national army]. My personal guess is that the char tare (four star) flag carrier was not a Nepali Congress activist. The rally was different form that of the previous one- organized by the Seven Party Alliance. And that is obvious because today’s rally is organized by All Nepal National Free Student Union Revolutionary (ANNFSU-R). Continue reading Maoists Rally In Kathmandu

Message From Nepal to the International Community

“The international community’s euphoric reaction to Friday’s royal address is ludicrous, to say the least. It also shows how shallow is their reading of Nepali history and how far removed they are from the present ground reality,” Editorial in The Kathmandu Post titled ‘Int’l Community

Currently, Nepal stands at a crossroads. On the right side of it is a new Nepal where people are fully sovereign; insurgency is resolved and the Maoists join the political mainstream; the state is restructured to accommodate the disfranchised populace; and the society makes a peaceful transition towards prosperity. On the wrong side of it is the status quo, where the fundamental issue of sovereignty remains unresolved; the Maoist insurgency continues; state, under the direct control of the king, remains unitary and unwilling to address the issue of widespread exclusion. As Nepal has entered the final stage of the labor pain, the international community, unfortunately, seems to be supportive of the status quo. The international community’s euphoric reaction to Friday’s royal address is ludicrous, to say the least. It also shows how shallow is their reading of Nepali history and how far removed they are from the present ground reality. The foreign envoys’ suggestion to the parties to break with the rebels and to take the royal offer is fraught with two serious problems. Continue reading Message From Nepal to the International Community