Category Archives: Nepali Politics 2

Nepal Politics: Finally, a New Agreement?

The CA elections under the mixed electoral system:
60 percent of the 601-member CA will be elected under the proportional representation system and rest under first-past-the-post system.

A conference of the civil society will be organized to save face of the Maoists.

A steering committee will be formed to run the government, who will lead the body remains undecided. Maoists are demanding that they be give the leadership of the committee.

The news is that the top leaders of the three major parties of the Seven-Party Alliance (SPA) have finalised the draft prepared by a taskforce (of SPA representatives) to evolve a 20-point agreement to address major contentious issues, including the electoral system for the Constituent Assembly (CA) elections. Prime Minister and the Nepali Congress (NC) President Girija Prasad Koirala, CPN-UML General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal and CPN Maoist Chairman Prachanda had met at the PM’s official residence at Baluwatar today morning to find an outlet to the festering political predicaments. The three leaders have also agreed to express commitment for a republican order in the interim constitution, which is to be endorsed by the elected CA. Continue reading Nepal Politics: Finally, a New Agreement?


Headlines: Political Deadlock, Human Rights and Elections

Nepali Congress folks aiding monarchy will be punished: Sushil Koirala

Dec 21 – NC Acting Prez warned to punish the NC leaders and activists who do activities in support of monarchy against the party discipline. Stating that some of the party activists were active in royalist activities, Koirala said that such activities were against the party discipline. Even if the seven parties agreed to hold the Constituent Assembly polls by mid-April, the Maoists were trying to disrupt the polls on various pretexts, Koirala added. (detail)

Prachanda meets PM Koirala; SPA meeting tomorrow

Dec 21- The discussion between the duo revolve around the contentious issues, among others, ministry allocation between NC and the Maoists, formation of a steering committee for running the government, implementation of republic, electoral system, army integration, said NC General Secretary Bimalendra Nidhi who was also present in the meeting. The top leadership held the discussion to forge an agreement on the contentious issues after the Maoist leadership expressed dissatisfaction in the draft of agreement prepared by the Seven-Party-Alliance taskforce. (detail)

NHRC starts investigating suspected burial sites in Shivapuri

Dec 21 – The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) with the assistance of forensic and crime scene experts from the police has begun investigation at the Shivapuri National Park, a suspected mass grave site on the outskirts of Kathmandu on Friday. Human rights organizations believe that the pieces of clothing, charred wood, sacks and bits of tire and white plastic, which have been found scattered on the slopes of Alle jungle in Shivapuri National Park, some 20 kilometers north of downtown Kathmandu, may lead to the truth surrounding the 49 Maoists who were allegedly disappeared by the army from its Bhairabhnath Battalion at Maharajgunj in 2003 during the time of conflict. (detail)

Related UWB posts:
1. Stories of Horror: From Nepal’s Abu Ghrahib-I
2. Stories of Horror: From Nepal’s Abu Ghrahib-II
3. Forgive, Forget Not!

Continue reading Headlines: Political Deadlock, Human Rights and Elections

The Great Talks About New Agreement

SPA forms taskforce to forge an agreement today itself

Dec 15 – The seven party-alliance is busy holding consultations on Saturday on the issue of power sharing among the three major parties—Nepali Congress, CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist. The formal meeting of the seven parties held this morning at Baluwatar set up a taskforce to forge an agreement and come up with a draft for the same to be inked by the top leaders by this afternoon. The meeting of the top SPA leaders has been postponed till afternoon by asking the taskforce to hammer out an amicable solution of the power-sharing row. The taskforce comprises Maoist leader Babu Ram Bhattarai, NC leader Bimalendra Nidhi, UML leader Bharat Mohan Adhikary, Left Front leader C P Mainali and the People’s Front leader Lila Mani Pokharel. (detail)

UML chief claims agreement by this evening, new CA polls date soon

Dec 15 – CPN-UML General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal has said that the seven-party alliance would forge an agreement on the outstanding political issues by Saturday evening and the fresh date for the Constituent Assembly elections would be announced in a day or two. Talking to reporters at Bharatpur Airport upon arrival in Chitwan district where he came to inaugurate the sixth convention of the UML’s district unit today, Nepal even claimed that the parties have agreed on allocation of the ministerial portfolios.

However, he did not want to elaborate on the power-sharing agreement. He further added that the parties have already agreed to conduct the CA elections by the end of the current Nepali year i.e. mid-April next year, and that they would ink an agreement to this effect following the meeting of the top SPA leaders this evening. “The government would announce a new date for the elections within a day or two,” he said. (detail) Continue reading The Great Talks About New Agreement

Political Memo: A Tale of Three Parties

When Maoist Chairman Prachanda says that the implementation of peace agreement is a must the happening of Constituent Assembly polls, he seems to have forgotten the fact that the holding of CA itself is part of the peace process. It’s no secret that the comrade’s party is running away from the electoral competition in one pretext or the other. The Maoist party has fallen into a trap. The party that fought a bloody civil war demanding the CA election is now shying away from election, the fact Prachanda loves to deny saying that how could a party that fought the war for election run away from election. What Prachanda is saying is vastly different from what his party, under the pressure of radical nationalism, doing lately.

The situation on the Nepali Congress front is not encouraging either. Sujata Koirala, one of the persons who shamelessly encouraged corruption and nepotism in the democratic period of the 90s, is talking about reactivating the 1990 constitution that gives sweeping powers to the king in the name of constitutional monarchy. Guess who is standing with Sujata for this reactionary intention? Yes, you guessed it right: Govinda Raj Joshi, a man who plundered the nation during the 90s and was chargesheeted by the anti-graft body CIAA.One can only wish, at this point in time, that the republican force in the party successfully quell this menace sponsored by the palace-paid group of corrupts as soon as possible. Continue reading Political Memo: A Tale of Three Parties

Headlines: The Great Mistrust Between Congress and Maoist

The growing mistrust between Nepali Congress and CPN Maoist, and the ‘neither-this-side-nor-that-side’ policy of the CPN UML are the main reasons of the current political impasse that, it seems, will not be easily solved in the regular session of the parliament that will start tomorrow. UWB presents the headlines and news snippets related to the current crisis that are as varied as the voices and arguments within the six party alliance that appears to be on the edge of the break up (click on the headlines to read in detail):

Parties intensify discussions to end deadlock

Maoists step up pressure campaign

KATHMANDU, Nov 18 – The political parties have intensified intra- and inter-party discussions Sunday afternoon in bid to find a consensus among them to implement the motions endorsed by the special session of the interim parliament, seeking an arrangement for declaring the country a republic and adopting an all-out proportional system for the Constituent Assembly elections before the winter session of the House begins on Monday.
The Nepali Congress (NC) is holding its parliamentary party meeting at the official residence of the Prime Minister in the run up winter House session.

No alternative to implementation of House motions: Speaker

KATHMANDU, Nov 18 – Speaker Subash Chandra Nemwang Sunday said that there is no alternative to implement the motions on a republic and a fully proportional representation system passed by the special session of the interim parliament. Continue reading Headlines: The Great Mistrust Between Congress and Maoist

Nepal Heading to New Crisis: No CA Without Executing House Resolutions

a report by Conflict Study Center
Contributed by: Bishnu Pathak, PhD and Chitra Niraula

“The whole nation is heading towards a republican system, and the wave of sensation in support of a republican set up has arrived at the point of diffusion.” Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala

Background: On the evening of November 4, at 7.55 PM, the Interim Parliament (IP) decided to go for federal democratic republic set up prior to the Constituent Assembly (CA) elections and for fully proportional election system by a simple majority voice vote. The IP endorsed the Communist Party of Nepal (UML) amendment proposal of republic and the CPN (Maoist) proposal of fully proportional election system (FPES). The Maoists withdrew their urgent public importance proposal of immediate declaration of republic from the IP and supported the UML’s proposal in the interest of working unity amongst the communist factions. In turn, the UML supported the Maoists proposal of the FPES. The Rastriya Prajantra Party (RPP) also supported the Maoist’s motion on the full proportional representation but voted against the motion for republican setup. Continue reading Nepal Heading to New Crisis: No CA Without Executing House Resolutions

Mr Chairman, CA Is More Important Than Republic

By Dinesh Wagle
Wagle’s Web Log

I am a diehard republican but I am dead against Maoist Chairman Prachanda’s views that proclamation of republic is more important than holding the Constituent Assembly elections. I have been saying in these columns that, yes, republic is a very important issue but it can’t be the alternative to the CA elections. Is Prachanda saying that we don’t need CA elections if Nepal is declared a republic? If yes, I don’t want a republic order at the cost of CA elections. When we talk about declaring Nepal a republic, we are talking about that only, nothing more. But the CA election doesn’t only include the republic agenda but also address many more issues that need to be dealt with. In addition to the republic agenda, the CA election is also about bringing out a new, inclusive constitution and restructuring of the state of Nepal. Continue reading Mr Chairman, CA Is More Important Than Republic

House Votes on the Republic Agenda…

…with a majority. But Nepal is not a republic yet.

Update: The parliament passes left parties’ joint motion on republic declaration tabled by the CPN-UML after the CPN-Maoist and a few fringe left parties supported the proposals. The declaration seeks the Interim Legislature-Parliament’s directive to the government to immediately determine all necessary procedures to proclaim the country a republic and to take concrete steps in this regard. The proposal also seeks a new date for the CA elections after finding out the reason as to why the election could not be held on the previous dates. The special session has also endorsed the Maoist proposal for a fully proportional representation (PR) system for the Constituent Assembly elections. The proposal was backed by the UML and some other left parties in the parliament. Nepali Congress voted against both proposals.

These parliamentary approvals (with simple majority) won’t have constitutional validity because the republic can only be declared by two-third majority of the parliament. Same applies with the fully proportional system because that’s been stated in the constitution and the constitution can only be amended by two-third majority.

Earlier in a super dramatic move, the Maoists had withdrawn their motions that they had tabled in the special session of the House calling for an immediate declaration (and implementation) of the republic order in Nepal by the parliament and using the fully proportional voting method in the election of Constituent Assembly. They have decided to support the motions tabled by the CPN UML, an amendment to their proposal: declaration of republic after the CA elections and elections be held on fully proportional method. Continue reading House Votes on the Republic Agenda…

On Nepali Congress Party and Communist Parties of Nepal

By Prakash Bom in Queens, New York(UWB received this article in email)

History of the Final Preference:

The Nepali Congress party was originally established on the principles of the socialist democracy or social democratic. Since then it has been a member of the Socialist International – a worldwide organization of social democratic, labor, and democratic socialist political parties. Then and there Nepali Congress party took the arms against the feudal oligarchic regime by introducing socialist economic plan to address country’s poverty with successful revolution.

We have respected BP Koirala, one of the founders of Nepali Congress Party, with great honor for his sacrifice, and dedication to such political thinking to guide the nation. We have read his writings – political thoughts, literary works, articles and so on with our great expectations for socialist democratic developments within the party and the government logistics.

Unfortunately, whenever Nepali Congress Party came in the power with the support of people of Nepal it betrayed people’s aspiration by positioning itself with the ambition of the monarchy. In this context Nepali Congress has declared itself a reform-oriented centrist party. But, historically, the reforms did not take place to meet the basic norms and principles of the moderate social democracy. Rather it leaned more towards regressive practice along the line of feudal oligarchic.

The oxymoron of Nepali Congress Party leaders and party cadres get demonstrated in full grade whenever Nepali Congress Party came in government power. Since party leaders and cadres act in contrary to the party principles and aspiration of the people while in state power it has time after time been overthrown by the monarchy with military coup.

Yet, Nepali Congress Party’s oligarchic feudal minds’political power phobia alliance with the monarchy by disregarding its own party principles and people’s aspiration. As a matter of fact, the monarchy has historically taken unnecessary advantage of such irrational fear of the party leaderships and betrayed the party for thirty-five years under the Panchayat autocratic rule. Continue reading On Nepali Congress Party and Communist Parties of Nepal

Understanding Nepalese Politics: Playing the Game of Peace

The Maoists have adopted a simple strategy and are exploiting the current situation to the hilt.

By Chattra Bahadur
UWB received this article in email

The great ‘peace-ball’ has finally started rolling with the declaration of the 8-point understanding between the SPA and the Maoist leadership before the Prime Minister flew to Bangkok for medical check-up and treatment. The immediate outcome of this declaration was a formation of a committee to draft the Interim Constitution with a time-limit of 15 days. The Interim Constitution is to pave way for the Maoists to join the Interim government to hold elections to the Constituent Assembly. Secondly, the 8-point agreement also accommodated the long-standing Maoists’ demand to dissolve the reinstated Parliament after promulgation of the Interim Constitution and formation of the Interim government; in return, the Maoists agreed to dissolve the People’s government (Jana Sarkar). Though the media had reported that the government will be requesting the UN for its assistance in decommissioning arms, the 8-point agreement has not thrown much light in the issue of arms management. Continue reading Understanding Nepalese Politics: Playing the Game of Peace