By Utshab Pokhrel
Background: The peace process of Nepal has gained unique and extraordinary success in a very short period as comparison to the other countries. Although, there seems misunderstanding in some cases between the government and the Maoists as well as within Seven Party Alliance, they all are committed towards sustainable peace in Nepal and all are doing the best by their sides.
The great achievement of our peace process is the Comprehensive Peace Agreement made between the government and the Maoists that announcement of the end of the decade long violent conflict. It is one step forward than the Ceasefire Agreement. Now, there has already been agreement in the Interim Constitution and has cleared that in recent future Maoists are also going to be a part of the government. They have already started to keep their combatants into the cantonment and also the government has started the process of keeping the weapons of similar numbers of Nepal Army under the supervision of United Nations. This is a very precious and historic chance to Nepal government to transform the violent conflict into inclusive state, stable democracy and sustainable peace.
Although the peace process of Nepal is going very positively and optimistically, here are lots of challenges to make it success. We have to be sincere in every step from the possible negative impacts from certain decisions and the viruses of the peace process.
Possible threats to the Nepal’s Peace Process
The major threat to the peace process of Nepal is from the Royal Palace and from the Nepal Army. The palace always tries to keep some power in its hand and most of the top post officials of Nepal Army are royalists. They can’t be trusted properly. What they are saying and showing in the public now is that they are committed towards democracy. There is always a chance that they can support the Palace and try to put the people under their power. Palace is not going to leave so easily its power.
Possible polarization and misunderstanding between the SPA and the Maoists and within the SPA is another threat towards the peace process. If there seems weakness between their relationships then the enemies of peace process can get the place to play their game.
Possible fight of communal state is also another threat towards the sustainable peace in Nepal. Some elements can make it their strategy. Janatantrik Mukti Morcha and Limbuwan have already started their activities towards making fractions between Nepali and dividing Nepal into separate communal states which is definitely more harmful than the conflict started by the Maoists. The conflict guided by religion, castes or race is always more destructive than the conflict guided by the ideology and political theories.
The Constituent Assembly Election and the process of Restructuring of the State is another threat towards the sustainable peace in Nepal. The process of CA Election is very complicated and if the results of CA Elections can not represent the all classes, communities and the all sectors of the people than there is chance of another Bidhroha. Like wise, the process of restructuring the state is another complicated subject matter.
Conclusion The peace process of Nepal is going through lots of positive hopes and the every agreements and understanding have reflected the commitment of the SPA, government and the Maoists towards transforming the violent conflict into stable and inclusive state. There are some threats but those threats can be solved and can be thrown out if we all are united, integrated and make solidarity towards the sustainable peace in Nepal. Hence, there are chances of playing games by Royal Palace, Nepal Army and by some other elements, it can not do any harm to the peace process until the SPA and the Maoists are united and committed towards the peace process and people are with them.
Similarly, the issues of Janatantrik Mukti Morcha and Limbuwan as well as similar communal issues are also to be solved in this peace process to have sustainable peace and stable state. And, there needs many more discussions and interactions within all levels of the People as well as there needs to be a greater awareness programs from top to grass root level on the subject matter of CA Election and Restructuring of the State. Everybody should be cleared about the CA Election, its process, its importance, electoral system and be assured of the participation and representation. To have a sustainable peace in Nepal, the participatory approach should be followed by the government in every decision making, policy making and in every events which impacts directly in the fate of Nepali People.
Hope, it is not so far to come the day which kick out the old fashioned and the major enemy of the democracy, the monarch from this country and make we people supreme ruler of this country.