Preliminary political realism: Nepal had almost gotten the status of ‘failed sate’ recently and if the current political development fails to restructure the sate, country will soon fall back to the dark old stage of regression.
By Prakash Bom in Queens, New York
The landmark peace accord between SPA and the Maoists is historic though it is not immune to the challenges ahead. The fundamental challenge it faces is: Restructuring of the state. The failure of the post-1990 multi-party democracy lies in the inability to restructuring the state. Take this an example: popularly elected district chairpersons were ignored from forming a district administrative cabinet. Instead the major political party leaderships chose to continue with feudal oligarchic political tradition of appointing a government employee as district chief officer. To our surprise it is still in effect. This means the urgency of restructuring the state (with electoral democratic institutions in top priority) is yet to be materialized.
The most corrupt feudal oligarchic state bodies in practice (still in effect) are judiciary, law enforcement and district administration. Literally, the post-1990 multi-party democracy continued riding on these bodies blindly. The only difference the 1990 movement made in contemporary politics is the electoral strength of the lower house of the Parliament.
It is well known to the political leaderships of Nepal the fact that the two hundred fifty years old institution of monarchy had ruled the nation with no legitimate legislative (certain democratic legal procedures) body of the government. The nation was ruled with the feudal oligarchic executive body of the government under which judiciary, law enforcement, and army were managed.
Why couldn’t the post 1990 multi-party democracy check the corruption in the government? Obviously, the party leaderships took the easy ride on the reign of the old regime. Consequently there was neither restructuring of the state nor the institutions of the democracy from the grass-root level. It was a mere practice of democracy without addressing the fundamental socio-political and economic issues of the country. That is why the civil war of the armed peoples’ revolution began in the name of Maoists (communist) ideology.
We do not know how long it would have taken for the Maoists to arrive at this point without the people’s movement II. But we must appreciate Maoist leadership for their commitment to the peace accord and the restructuring of the state on the norms of the electoral democracy.
Restructuring fundamentals: We must eradicate government employees’ dominance over local government bodies with the electoral democratic procedures. For example, the current Supreme Court judges are not appointed with the electoral democratic procedures (Parliamentary hearing). They were appointed by the monarchy under the feudal oligarchic government procedures. However, their present demand for the independent judiciary is legitimate but such a demand is only democratically justifiable if the judges are appointed with the electoral democratic procedures. Supreme Court judges must cooperate to establish the electoral democratic procedures by taking oath in the up-coming interim Parliaments. Such attempt will pave the way for the electoral democratic establishment as well as the independence of the judiciary in the nation’s new history.
To enforce the law in local level of governance a constituent attorney and a chief law enforcement officer or a sheriff must be elected from local constituency to form an office of local constituent attorney and a local law enforcement academy or constituent police academy. The formation of the local police academy could be one of the most essential decentralizations for the state to enforce the law and control the corruption in local level that can make everyone accountable under the rule of law. To provide the justice in a local level of judiciary a constituent judge must be elected from the local constituency to run the court of the local constituency.
As the decentralization comes into effect, the workload of the central government in the capital will get concentrated on the national security, policy implementations, national planning, foreign relations, and so on than on the local affairs of each constituency of the nation.
Maoist Leadership: “The most successful modern-day communist insurgency” is how Daily Telegraph, London commented on the Nepali Maoists for their openness to the multiparty electoral democracy. According to an interview of Prachanda in the Telegraph, Maoist leaderships is committed to the multiparty democracy. No dictatorships- proletariat or totalitarian or feudal oligarchic monarchy- can transform the present political and economic conditions of Nepal. People will come to vote to achieve this aspiration in up-coming elections of the constituent assembly.
From a longer version of the article by the writer.