Post revolution Nepal: Problems and Solutions

ब्लगमान्डू: ‘हामी जनयुद्धमा सामेल भएको होइन,’ आफूलाई ‘संयुक्त राज्य आतंक’ नामको मुलुकका नागरिकका रूपमा परिचय गराउने अमेरिकी अभियन्ता पिटर ग्य्रान्टले भने- ‘हामी आन्दोलनप्रति ऐक्यबद्धता मात्रै जनाउँछौं ।’ (विस्तृत)
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From the blog: The positioning of the Maoist camps all over the country is a strategic master game of the Maoist military thinkers which we have not paid attention to.

By Dinesh Tiwari

The country is in a historic period where things are changing very fast. In the fast paced world revolutionized by the IT all over, Nepal remains in the back yard inspite of its human intellectual and natural resources. The politics in Nepal is the key to all this. Often countries like Nepal, with zeal to develop fast but cheated by the rulers of the people itself, find that democracy lies in the sadness of hypocrisy.

What after the revolution? The people have seized the power from the king and now handed over themselves to the political powers, to play with their destiny. At this stage, often proved by history, is where the people are cheated most and stabbed on their back.

In the bizarre scenario of two large armies bubbling inside barracks to explode in a country which doesn’t require one, or if it needs one for something which neither of them can do, the challenges to the people and their leaders are many.

Settling the Arms and Rehabilitation of the past guerrillas

The almost twenty thousand strong guerrillas and the one hundred thousand plus regular forces lie idle. They in either way are a force which can not be ignored. Immediate threat to normalization of situation is one issue where they can interfere or can be made to interfere by selfish parties. But their existence on the map of the country itself poses a threat to democracy in a subtle way. Now the other problem is of the disposition of these trained war veterans who have got used to the gunshot and the blood. Even under strict supervision of the leaders the arms will scatter in local unorganized pilferage, or organized holding back of hidden armed group by the influential personalities. This will sooner or later cause a law and order problem, if not attended to right now. The greatest problem with the erstwhile rebel leadership is to transform the guerillas to political workers in a democratic set up. This needs a lot of convincing power from the top brass, but needs an urgency to be felt and shared with the people by the cadres. Life in the street is different from the life in the jungle. They who have been groomed to believe that the power flows from the barrel of the gun have to be motivated to believe that the most powerful weapon is the public opinion which, though curbed momentarily by power, will always explode eventually.

The positioning of the Maoist camps all over the country is a strategic master game of the Maoist military thinkers which have we have not paid attention to. They have declared to keep the arms in an arrangement of seven major camps spread all over the country. It, if you envisage on the map of the country, gives them an advantage of strategically confident stance for any type of reverting action any where in the nation. Needless to say, the recruitment had continued even after the eight point agreement. Does it ring an alarm?

And lastly, the sizable force of the guerilla will be amalgamated into the main army or they will remain as a separate force altogether creating an always persistent tension between the two? If that force is regularized, what will happen to the existing army and the armed police force? How will they fit into the ‘traditional in looks and behavior army’?

Policy Making and Implementation

I would like to call Nepal an infant democracy because of its lack of experience of true democracy in any form; or rather it is only a conceived democracy. In a newly born democracy, there always develops a great gap between the formulating of the policy and the implementation of the same. How to reinvent a democratic culture free of corruption? We have to develop a setup from bottom to top, not one forced by coercion from top. When we make a house we do not start from the roof, do we? We have to begin from the basic: that the wards in the VDC and municipality wards.

In a multiparty system the winner of the elections is normally the representative of merely twenty to thirty percent of the people who participated in the election. If a total of 60% participate, that too is an over optimistic assumption, we have in a total 30% of the 60% that is just 18% of total. But this whole issue is debatable and should be dealt at the highest level. Making the local government effective, efficient, more reliable and responsible has to be the first step towards restructuring.

Streamlining the policy making bodies is the next but more important thing. What is the country going to do in today’s world of information with illiterate/ uneducated law makers? The outcome is the hilarious scene of the hammerings of the laws in the very body that makes the law. Clear rules have to be laid for qualification checks for the influential bodies of the nation.

Technology: the key to development

The development has to be envisioned in the following segments to transform the nation into an empowered one. We have already lacked behind in many aspects but this does not hamper our rise. We must seek examples from nation which have risen from trash to the sky. We can become one of them in less than a quarter of a century. Areas for us to employ the technological advances are:

a. agriculture
b. education
c. health care
d. information and communication
e. infrastructure
f. electric power
g. tourism

Our endeavor should be to develop an inherent technological pool. This will take time because; first the country has to be guided out from the political and economic turmoil but all our policies should be formed keeping in mind this goal. We have to develop an indigenous capacity for technology to survive in the twenty-first century

Leadership

“What role has leadership played in great nations? All great nations became great because their leaders became great.”

People are looking towards the leaders with great expectations through the skeptical hesitations, as a result of the past nightmares. But the people are awakened and powered. There fore any body, how ever charismatic he may be, will burn in the rage of the people if he doesn’t live up to their expectations. Cheating the people is not easy, at least not in the new Nepal. The leaders are yet to debate they will have a presidential system after the king or the present system will continue with a nominal King or president. Much has to be looked into before coming to a final decision. The situation is more confusing than ever because the Maoists have come to join the mainstream politics when the other parties are still powerful. Unlike the most of the past revolutions of the history, this success which the Maoists are claiming hasn’t ensured the eradication of the parallel force. There fore the question of a leadership that can lead the country into a new beginning has to be answered by the people. Let every one have a just say and let the people decide.

To conclude, in a situation like this the country needs a leadership to motivate people to lead them a new world of prosperity. A leader whom the people trust and follow. The politicians have to understand clearly that without the correct kind of leadership, we will end up again in a similar whirlpool.

Tiwari has a PGD in military science and defense management system from Garhwal university (India) and he is pursuing MBA in HR from Manipal. This is an edited version of the paper he presented to his colleagues about problems in Nepal and their solutions.

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20 thoughts on “Post revolution Nepal: Problems and Solutions”

  1. Don’t worry about the positioning of the Maoist camps because that’s not important now. What is most important is that Maoists have decided to stop the war and come to the competitive politics. They are now trying to solve political issues. If they wanted to continue war, they wouldn’t have supported the Jana Andolan and after the success of the Andolan they wouldn’t have declared ceasefire. But they want peaceful resolution.

    And UN will be monitoring the camps, with close circuit camera and their office nearby the camps.

    What strategic location are you talking about? Where do you think Maoists should have kept their arms? Don’t be cynical. Strategic location! Tell me which place in Nepal is no considered a strategic location?

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  2. I can understand the difficulty to fully envisage the dynamics of military strategy because i had to be so brief. and further more the hysteria of the jana andolan is yet not over. when the general public is blinded by the spectacular celebrations of success of any revolution, the leaders are continously busy to formulate future plans. It is justified because to establishing a new system requires lot of home work.

    The main point for us to understand is that in politics, without anticipation and suspicion nothing is possible. There fore aam janta might have started believing the politicians and the maoists but they continue to put effort to mend the situation to thier advantage. It is understood that every party wants to benefit maximum from the conditions. If we look out of the hysteria of red abir and garlands of success, we will realize that all decisions at this instant are taken with an aim of future advantage.

    secondly, about the question of which location in nepal is not strategically important,i will say one thing that the country as a whole is geo-strategically important for different reasons. That surfaces in international dmensions and the implications of these development to our neighbours. Talking about the strategic advantage to the forces within there are a few things that I will give some hint to, which you will automatically understand: for any political power in nepal it will like to have a force placed in such a matter theat it can :

    1. have a quick access to the roads leading to all the zones, if not atleast the Vikas chhetra.
    2. have a locatiion to counter teh main army camps existing currently.
    3. distributed according to the importance of the area all over the country.
    4. quick access to the main cities.
    5. thick presence can be made felt keeping in mind the elections.

    Apart from this about the question of strategic placing of the camps you can mail me for the details which i have explained in all dynamics in the presentation i prepared, which i can mail you if you want , personnally.

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  3. i am seriously expecting a army coup within 5 months if things happen as such. u.s is against maoist in government so tackle us first to run the barta smoothly. the street is also warmed not only by students but also some external sources against the govt

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  4. The U.S.will accept the Maoists IF they renounce violence, lay down their arms and join the democratic process. They clearly have no such intentions.

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  5. “The U.S. will not accept the Maoists as long as they are Communists.”

    Sure they will; they allready have with Mr. Nepal’s legal communist party that has been part of the legitimate Nepal government.

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  6. For a developing country like ours, we need US support. But US doesnt care what is going on in Nepal or any other place apart from its personal interest – sell weapons and make money!!!

    US is interested in Nepal to keep an eye over China. That is main motive for US and nothing else. For them it is better if there is a conflict in some region – they make print more money then. They have always been doing that.

    US is responsible for most of the conflicts around the world, South American nations were in deep shit, Vietnam, and now a new front Iraq for no good reason. US is the largest producer of weapons inlcuding WMD and Chemical Weapons, it is a serious threat to mankind. And some how or the other they smuggle arms to countries with conflicts. Recently, a new bill was introduced in UN to further strengthen the arms smuggling rules, unexpectedly US was only country to oppose this bill.

    UN has no mandate now after what happened in Iraq. They could not do shit. So, we need to be careful now. Who cares if the US accepts the Maoists or not. They were always our internal issue and will remain internal issue. We have to handle our problems ourselves without depending upon US atleast. And now, the new government should constraint Ambassador Moriarty’s visit to more of diplomatic visits. He has no rights to visit our Army Base or what ever other places he has been visiting. It is just against the diplomatic norms.

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  7. Jhapali-I don’t like the US policy in general but we need them to take a hardline against the Maoists in Nepal-because no one else has the b@lls to do that. Check and balance! I really wish we could handle our own problems but at present that seems so far fetched.

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  8. “It is just against the diplomatic norms.”

    Mr. Jhapali, do you consider a war of terror lasting a decade a “democratic norm”? Exceptional times require exceptional actions. Do you imagine the US ambassador is spying out our military installations for a surprise attack on Nepal? The Maoists are terrorists and the US is waging a worldwide war on terrorism. The US is not our enemy!

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  9. Kirat you should know better than this.
    USA are responsably for ozone problems,wars and many disasters. Dictature in Chile, Uruguay, Argentina. They eternally support the wrong group. (in their own interest.)
    United states is not at all interested in human rights. Just oil money. In the name of God they have exterminated quite more than nazis, muslims have become the new jews.
    Is this the Tarzan you want you to come and save?
    I am certainly not in favour of maintaining all traditions, but once you bring in United States you will all eat Mac Donalds and die from cholesterol instead of Moism.
    Why Hugo Chavez says he is a stupid cowboy (former drunk from white house) and Chavez became populist popular. Why Morales from Bolivia. First class second class citizens, how about being black in USA.
    Exterminate the inidans that is what they did in their own country, the indians have no citizenship, no voting right. Pretty much like circus people and gypsies, yet they were the first inhabitants. Not my cup of chia.

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  10. I don’t understand how your anti-westernism is in any way relevant to the problems we face in Nepal.The issues here are the Maoists and the Nepal Army, Koirala and Prachanda, war or peace, rule of law or gangsterism. Nobody cares what you think about George Bush or Sonja Ghandi or Napolean or Hitler.

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  11. dialogue-if think being anti-american will solve all our country’s ills than I suggest you suicide bomb their embassy. best of luck.

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  12. Why all the debate about US’s acceptance? Maoists did not seek permission for the armed struggle or for the ceasefire or joining the government. It is their popularity and base work that they are so popular with the masses that the fear of place massacre forced the king and his appendiges to accep-t them. US is itself the biggest barbaric terroist gang and let us denounce and reject it. Long live Maoist armed strugglr in Nepal.

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  13. I very much love summer 🙂
    Someone very much loves winter 😦
    I Wish to know whom more 🙂
    For what you love winter?
    For what you love summer? Let’s argue 🙂

    Like

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