ब्लगमान्डू: ‘हामी जनयुद्धमा सामेल भएको होइन,’ आफूलाई ‘संयुक्त राज्य आतंक’ नामको मुलुकका नागरिकका रूपमा परिचय गराउने अमेरिकी अभियन्ता पिटर ग्य्रान्टले भने- ‘हामी आन्दोलनप्रति ऐक्यबद्धता मात्रै जनाउँछौं ।’ (विस्तृत)
From the blog: The positioning of the Maoist camps all over the country is a strategic master game of the Maoist military thinkers which we have not paid attention to.
By Dinesh Tiwari
The country is in a historic period where things are changing very fast. In the fast paced world revolutionized by the IT all over, Nepal remains in the back yard inspite of its human intellectual and natural resources. The politics in Nepal is the key to all this. Often countries like Nepal, with zeal to develop fast but cheated by the rulers of the people itself, find that democracy lies in the sadness of hypocrisy.
What after the revolution? The people have seized the power from the king and now handed over themselves to the political powers, to play with their destiny. At this stage, often proved by history, is where the people are cheated most and stabbed on their back.
In the bizarre scenario of two large armies bubbling inside barracks to explode in a country which doesn’t require one, or if it needs one for something which neither of them can do, the challenges to the people and their leaders are many.
Settling the Arms and Rehabilitation of the past guerrillas
The almost twenty thousand strong guerrillas and the one hundred thousand plus regular forces lie idle. They in either way are a force which can not be ignored. Immediate threat to normalization of situation is one issue where they can interfere or can be made to interfere by selfish parties. But their existence on the map of the country itself poses a threat to democracy in a subtle way. Now the other problem is of the disposition of these trained war veterans who have got used to the gunshot and the blood. Even under strict supervision of the leaders the arms will scatter in local unorganized pilferage, or organized holding back of hidden armed group by the influential personalities. This will sooner or later cause a law and order problem, if not attended to right now. The greatest problem with the erstwhile rebel leadership is to transform the guerillas to political workers in a democratic set up. This needs a lot of convincing power from the top brass, but needs an urgency to be felt and shared with the people by the cadres. Life in the street is different from the life in the jungle. They who have been groomed to believe that the power flows from the barrel of the gun have to be motivated to believe that the most powerful weapon is the public opinion which, though curbed momentarily by power, will always explode eventually.
The positioning of the Maoist camps all over the country is a strategic master game of the Maoist military thinkers which have we have not paid attention to. They have declared to keep the arms in an arrangement of seven major camps spread all over the country. It, if you envisage on the map of the country, gives them an advantage of strategically confident stance for any type of reverting action any where in the nation. Needless to say, the recruitment had continued even after the eight point agreement. Does it ring an alarm?
And lastly, the sizable force of the guerilla will be amalgamated into the main army or they will remain as a separate force altogether creating an always persistent tension between the two? If that force is regularized, what will happen to the existing army and the armed police force? How will they fit into the ‘traditional in looks and behavior army’?
Policy Making and Implementation
I would like to call Nepal an infant democracy because of its lack of experience of true democracy in any form; or rather it is only a conceived democracy. In a newly born democracy, there always develops a great gap between the formulating of the policy and the implementation of the same. How to reinvent a democratic culture free of corruption? We have to develop a setup from bottom to top, not one forced by coercion from top. When we make a house we do not start from the roof, do we? We have to begin from the basic: that the wards in the VDC and municipality wards.
In a multiparty system the winner of the elections is normally the representative of merely twenty to thirty percent of the people who participated in the election. If a total of 60% participate, that too is an over optimistic assumption, we have in a total 30% of the 60% that is just 18% of total. But this whole issue is debatable and should be dealt at the highest level. Making the local government effective, efficient, more reliable and responsible has to be the first step towards restructuring.
Streamlining the policy making bodies is the next but more important thing. What is the country going to do in today’s world of information with illiterate/ uneducated law makers? The outcome is the hilarious scene of the hammerings of the laws in the very body that makes the law. Clear rules have to be laid for qualification checks for the influential bodies of the nation.
Technology: the key to development
The development has to be envisioned in the following segments to transform the nation into an empowered one. We have already lacked behind in many aspects but this does not hamper our rise. We must seek examples from nation which have risen from trash to the sky. We can become one of them in less than a quarter of a century. Areas for us to employ the technological advances are:
c. health care
d. information and communication
f. electric power
Our endeavor should be to develop an inherent technological pool. This will take time because; first the country has to be guided out from the political and economic turmoil but all our policies should be formed keeping in mind this goal. We have to develop an indigenous capacity for technology to survive in the twenty-first century
“What role has leadership played in great nations? All great nations became great because their leaders became great.”
People are looking towards the leaders with great expectations through the skeptical hesitations, as a result of the past nightmares. But the people are awakened and powered. There fore any body, how ever charismatic he may be, will burn in the rage of the people if he doesn’t live up to their expectations. Cheating the people is not easy, at least not in the new Nepal. The leaders are yet to debate they will have a presidential system after the king or the present system will continue with a nominal King or president. Much has to be looked into before coming to a final decision. The situation is more confusing than ever because the Maoists have come to join the mainstream politics when the other parties are still powerful. Unlike the most of the past revolutions of the history, this success which the Maoists are claiming hasn’t ensured the eradication of the parallel force. There fore the question of a leadership that can lead the country into a new beginning has to be answered by the people. Let every one have a just say and let the people decide.
To conclude, in a situation like this the country needs a leadership to motivate people to lead them a new world of prosperity. A leader whom the people trust and follow. The politicians have to understand clearly that without the correct kind of leadership, we will end up again in a similar whirlpool.
Tiwari has a PGD in military science and defense management system from Garhwal university (India) and he is pursuing MBA in HR from Manipal. This is an edited version of the paper he presented to his colleagues about problems in Nepal and their solutions.