The issue of monarchy will be the most crucial in this week’s peace summit. Referendum will be the wisest choice
By Prakash Bom in Queens, New York
Whatever political agendas are there on the table of the Peace Summit for SPA and Maoists to negotiate, it is obvious that the gridlock has been entangled on one fundamental issue– establishment of the republic nation and the abolition of the prospect of the ceremonial monarchy. Before we make this choice decisive we must also contemplate on the legacy of two hundred fifty years old institution of the monarchy – not from the communist point of view, but honestly from the basic human rights protection and questions of the civil liberty.
We must also authentically see the reality of the twenty first century’s practice of democracy that aims to guarantee the civil liberty and complies with the protections of the basic human rights of civic society by the rule of law. The history of the institution of the monarchy has been regressive to these developments for Nepal and Nepali people. These conclusions are based on historical facts, but not on the arbitrary criticism predisposed with certain political ideology, personal or ethnic revulsion.
People of Nepal cannot forget and forgive the chain of the historical events that brought the current king impenetrably to the crown for assuming absolute power by abolishing the popularly elected Parliament. That is why people of Nepal took part in the people’s movement II in million to topple the absolute monarchy with great expectation for the complete democracy. That is how seeds of republican thought sowed in the mind of the people of Nepal. Now it is sprouting rapidly, which can hardly be stopped from growing by bringing the unwanted draught of the ceremonial monarchy.
If we honestly respect the mandate of the people’s movement II for the ‘Complete Democracy’, then the democracy functions basically with the vote of the majority. But it can never work right in anyway with the arbitrary decisions of a political party, and with the traditional will power of an individual or a group of people. Therefore, referendum on the institution of the monarchy would definitely be more democratic electoral process than an arbitrary decision made by political parties against or for ‘Republic Democracy’ or ‘Democracy with ceremonial monarchy.’
Referendum on the monarchy will be the wisest choice of the people of Nepal to establish a real-time power of their sovereignty over any arbitrary proclamation made by the traditional and political power of an individual and a political party. This will go well along with the elections of the constituent assembly.
An option to decide the fate of the monarchy by the members of constituent assembly after the constituent assembly’s elections has chance for another political gridlock that might unnecessarily obstruct the political process for the Democracy in Nepal for a long period.
Fundamentally, what we desperately need in Nepal at this point and time the peace – stability and security; and Democracy – a working political system that can guarantee civil liberty, social justice, equal economic opportunity and protections of the basic human rights of the people of Nepal. If we succeed in our endeavor then economic development and prosperity is inevitable.
Then, why cannot we sacrifice our political preferences by playing with our bargaining chips wisely on the peace summit table? It is politically clear from the people’s movement II that SPA have fought for the people’s sovereignty to institutionalize a competitive electoral Democracy. With their honest intention they made twelve-point agreement with the rebel – the Maoist party leaderships so that the rebels will voluntarily participate in the electoral Democracy.
It is clear to the nation and the international community that rebels want Republic Nation. Perhaps they cannot compromise with this for ceremonial monarchy. Similarly, the sentiment of the majority of people of Nepal is now for Republic State and eventually that will be the goal of the future generation.
The scum of feudal oligarchic law experts, political leaders and their cadres might still find hard to accept that the 1990’s constitution has been pilled off with thorough democratic amendments by the reinstate Parliament to establish the nation’s sovereignty on the people of Nepal. This is the political reality that the institution of monarchy has now become nothing but ceremonial monarchy.
It has been demonstrated historically that the wish of the king to be the absolute monarchy of the nation has been shattered. Therefore, the king and his scum advisers, strategists, legal experts and supporters must sacrifice their pigheaded desire for power for the peace of the nation. The monarchy will be better off now if it can sacrifice even its ceremonial position for giving clear way to the formation of a ‘Peaceful Democratic Nepal’. This will instigate the new legacy of the dynasty of this monarchy for accepting to become bona fide citizen of Nepal for the cause of the nation.
Why don’t SPA leaderships then try to bargain the ceremonial monarchy with the disarmament of the rebel? If the Maoist leaderships are willing to disarm by merging their militiamen with certain employment logistics to Nepal army and armed police force, then SPA leaderships should attempt to bargain with the ceremonial monarchy by putting it on the referendum together with the national constituent assembly elections.
Obviously the elections of the constituent assembly won’t be transparent as long as the Maoists militias are not disarmed. Even the Maoists militias with their arms are confined to cantonments under the United Nations supervisions there will be no guarantee that they will stop their political influence willfully on the people.
A political party that possesses arms and ammunitions cannot participate in a political process such as the general elections or the elections of the constituent assembly. This is the International Democratic norm. Therefore the international communities insist that Maoists must be disarmed in order for them to participate in the constituent assembly elections.
Therefore, this is a politically ethical responsibility of the Maoists that if they are really committed to take part in the competitive electoral democratic mainstream politics then they should think twice to take part in the elections of the constituent assembly elections with the arms and ammunitions in their possession.
For their better political positioning in the mainstream electoral democratic practice they must make sure they are disarmed, meaning they are militarily detached from any arm police or from their militias.
The best option is to merge them in Nepal army and armed police force though the Maoist militias are of more political arm force than professional arm force that can implement security impartially.
Similarly, Nepal army and armed police force’s reputations were contaminated with the outright human rights violations during the royal regime. I think the government army and armed police force, and the Maoist militias (even merged in one national force) should be confined to the military barracks under the supervisions of the United Nations during constituent assembly elections.
Since both arm forces – government’s and the Maoists’ are politically biased. They should be kept in the barracks and cantonments. I hope both SPA and the Maoists leaderships should make no mistakes in negotiations for arm management by only keeping the arms and ammunitions in the barracks and cantonments without military men and militias. Both government army men and the Maoists militias must be kept in the barracks and cantonments under the supervisions of the United Nations during constituent assembly elections.
Questions of restructuring of the nation, especially restructuring the Nepal Army, come after the successful accomplishment of the constituent assembly elections. As per the mandate of the people’s movement II for complete democracy the only political system that can restructure the nation are the institutions of the electoral democracy that comply on the basic norms and principles of the ‘Electoral Democracy’ – the democracy that guarantees ‘Civil Liberty’ and protections of the basic ‘Human Rights.’
The totalitarian and the arbitrary feudal oligarchic systems in the name of the democracy cannot restructure the nation at this point and time with the mandate of the people’s movement II. To try to take unnecessary political advantage of the people’s movement II will be dishonor to the people of Nepal.
It is time for terminations of feudal oligarchic and totalitarian mindsets, which have dreamed to rule the people with the arbitrary rule of law at their will. It is time for these primitive forces to transform in to the practice of rule of law that have implemented with the electoral legislative procedures by the representatives of the people of Nepal.
It will be shame on to the SPA leaderships if they cannot negotiate with the Maoists by disarming them for successful constituent assembly elections that can pave the way for ‘peace’ – stability and security, and ‘democracy’ a system of competitive electoral democracy that can guarantee the ‘Civil Liberty’ and protect the basic ‘Human Rights’ of people of Nepal.
Our civil liberty has been pounded for two hundred and fifty years by the ruthless feudal oligarchic dictators. Our basic human rights have been crushed and shattered for last twelve years of political conflicts lodged by the totalitarian ideology. Our human consciousness can hardly penetrate the atrocities – torture and death inflicted by the state and the rebels.
If these party leaderships in both SPA and the Maoists do really respect the people’s aspiration for the nation’s cause then they must sacrifice their political preferences to please their party ideology and sentiments of party cadres.
If they have to sacrifice the ceremonial monarchy for the sake of peace, happiness and prosperity of the people of Nepal, then they should consider to disarm the Maoist militias; if the majority in peace summit vote for the ‘republic’ that can rationally help to disarm the Maoist militias, then they should not back-up with their stubborn political ideology to please their party cadres.
I even say if the monarchy can contribute by sacrificing his ceremonial position to bring ‘Peaceful Democratic Nepal’, then it should show its compassion with no pause for the cause of the nation.
The question is – ‘Are there such leaders with such political vision for the nation at this national crises, who see that they are the cause for this national suffering and see the urgency to sacrifice their predisposed positions to give way to peace and prosperity of people of Nepal?’
Let us hope for the best and see what the SPA and the Maoist leaderships bring forth on the up-coming peace summit. If they can bring about the change with their negotiations for the people of Nepal then we must adore them all.