Eight Point Something

Maoist Maneuver of June 16

UWB received this article by Jabarjast who has not revealed his identity but beautifully pointed out few shortcomings of eight-point agreement between SPA government and Maoists on June 16.

(Pic via Kantipur)

Last week, the Maoist strongmen, Pushpa Dahal and Baburam Bhattarai, emerged triumphantly from daylong negotiations with SPA leaders. An 8-point agreement was declared that effectively placed a stamp of approval on 12 years of methodical murder, political cleansing and intolerance for anything that remotely resembles western-style, liberal democracy.

It was in the presence of thunderous applause that Nepal’s elected leaders traded their position of electoral legitimacy (and any remaining notion of liberty), in a desperate bid for peace – the attainment of which ironically, is now perceived as part of the Maoist agenda.

Among the first to enthusiastically laud the Nepalese Maoists’ victory, have been India’s left parties. These groups appear eager to omit the recent past of violence and bloodshed by focusing solely on their Nepali brethren’s “last mile” to power. India’s political left is keen on leveraging the Nepali Maoists as an example that political power need not “flow from the barrel of a gun.”

To the contrary, if Nepal’s Maoist movement serves any example at all, it shows that violent rebellion can succeed and that political power can “flow from the barrel of a gun.” In fact, the success of the Maoist insurrection categorically demonstrates how the consistent application (and now the threat) of force can ultimately be justified as a necessary evil to achieve power and make a complete mockery of democratic processes. Far from being a lesson on how entering mainstream politics can benefit the Naxalite movement, Nepal’s Maoist insurgency is a potent exhibition of how the mobilization of frustrated civil society elements, ideologically imprisoned intellectual capital and like-minded global elements can yield a position of strength from which to dictate terms.

The victory of Nepal’s Maoist insurgency could well be the 21st century’s first successful example of how societal tensions and inequities may be effectively exploited, to the ultimate benefit of a protracted armed campaign (launched behind the façade of progressive politics). To term the recent exchange between the Maoist and SPA leaders as “negotiations” would be a generous stretch of the imagination. Based on available information, what transpired between the Maoists and the SPA reads more like the state’s admission of defeat than a process of substantive give and take. The level of sophistication and finesse with which the Maoists have forwarded their agenda finds no intellectual counter-weight from either the political class or civil society in Nepal – clearly, a sign of healthy competitive politics.

Moving forward, the Maoist strategy appears to be based on three tactical pillars: the ascendancy to power through key positions (ministry of education, local development, land reform and agriculture), the forwarding of peace as a Maoist initiative, and the dismantling of the only effective deterrent to their final victory – the state’s military apparatus. Collectively, these elements could result in the unchallenged consolidation of overwhelming Maoist support, right before the constituent assembly convenes. From an election standpoint, such planning is brilliant. But given where the country currently is, some may interpret the Maoist maneuverings as continued and shameless exploitation of a fragile situation.

The Maoists seem to understand perfectly well, the fallacy of the political situation – the same forces wed to the Maoists by the 12-point agreement are expected to run the country and simultaneously, compete for seats in the upcoming constituent assembly. Given this glaring contradiction, it is the Maoists who are best positioned to be in full swing campaign mode. Not surprisingly, the SPA is way behind the 8 ball – again.

That the Maoist strongman was visibly perturbed by the resurrected parliament’s adoption of radical reforms was evident during his interview on Kantipur Television. Hence, this government’s haste to dissolve the parliament – the same parliament that only days before, the leader of the mainstream communists (the UML), had strong reservations over dismantling. More likely than not, this government will eventually yield to the Maoists, the most coveted ministerial portfolios that could be had during the run up to elections. This concession, at a juncture when the country’s future political outlook is up for grabs.

With the utility of riding (solely) on popular dissatisfaction with the King on the decline, the Maoist leadership has shifted its focus to harnessing Nepal’s thirst for peace. It is because the Maoists’ have swept yet another initiative from under the SPA’s “rug,” that the majority of SPA leaders are left with no room to maneuver. The same is true of a minority civil society element that believes in rational thought. Who in their right state of mind would question the Maoists’ motive at the risk of being branded a “war monger” or a “royalist?” Moreover, who would dare risk the prospect of peace and their lives, given the established precedent of repercussions for opposing the Maoists publicly? The former president and vice-president of the Maoist Victims’ Association could probably have expanded on this point a little better, god bless their souls.

Why else would silence prevail when Pushpa Dahal instigates the state’s security forces, claiming that they have exhibited proficiency in one thing alone – killing fellow Nepalis? Why do Nepal’s otherwise proficient intellectuals and capable leaders remain unperturbed at the thought of holding elections to a constituent assembly with an armed political competitor? Where are all the advocates and activists who battled so vehemently against the king, when the notion of liberal democracy that guided their recent struggle, is under threat once more?

The perversion of this situation is that Pushpa Dahal has no one to thank more than King Gyanendra himself. For had it not been for February-1, there would be no 12-point agreement, no 8-point understanding and no systematic erosion of the palace’s most potent utility – as an effective ideological counterweight to leftist extremism in Nepal.
As convoluted as this line of reasoning may be, it is on par with Pushpa Dahal’s (otherwise plausible) assertion that a country like Nepal does not need a standing army of 90,000, that both the state’s army and the Maoist army should be dissolved and that elections are possible under a security blanket provided jointly by the police and Maoist militia.

The probability of Pushpa Dahal praising the king for sacrificing the monarchy (in exchange for peace) is as high as the probability of his acknowledgement that the justification for the 90,000 strong army was the armed insurrection that Mr. Dahal himself, chose to wage. After all, his army is no less proficient at killing Nepalis in “human waves” and his militia is even better at slitting journalists’ throats, bleeding political opponents to death and blowing up buses full of innocent civilians.

Most troubling isn’t Mr. Dahal’s lack of self-admission, but the complete absence of logical “Q&A” coming from the ranks of the political elite, civil society and the international community. There’s a reason why the Maoists are intent on mobilizing their militia – it’s because there’s no distinction between the Maoist army and their militia; there’s a reason why the Maoists are so keen on involving the UN – especially when it’s abundantly clear who’s word carries real weight in Nepal’s politics. One can absorb the rationale the Maoists are applying because given the position they’re in, there’s no way to decipher truth from propaganda or reality from perception. There should be no conditions on giving the Maoists-at-large; the benefit of the doubt, for the desire to live in peace must be universal.

However, taking confidence-building steps is distinct from offering the Maoists a free-for-all opportunity to hold the state hostage, using the prospect of peace as leverage. Offering the Maoist leadership the luxury of overnight celebrity status is an insult to each and every victim of Maoist atrocities, their families and the families of hundreds of thousands of Nepalis that have suffered to pave the way for a handful of ultras to hold the reins of state power.
The only way to understand the Maoists’ intent with certainty is to ask them (and their representatives in Washington DC, Brussels and London), piercing questions in public. Questions, similar to those fielded by leaders in democratic societies the world over. The time to test the water is now. Not tomorrow, not after constituent assembly elections, but now.

It’s time for Nepal’s political masters (especially the Nepali Congress) to re-mobilize its global resource base, from New York to Washington, from London to New Delhi. For tyranny comes in many forms and must be checked every single time – not just when it irks misguided, class or caste-based pride. With all the exchanges taking place in Nepal, there’s just one thing to say: trading “apples” for “apples” would be optimal. Even trading “apples” for “oranges” is acceptable. But trading “apples” for “orange peels” just isn’t smart and pretending that “orange peels” is better than nothing at all, is plain and simple stupid.

Published by UWB

Pioneering blog from Nepal...since 2004.

38 thoughts on “Eight Point Something

  1. This article certainly raises piercing doubts about Maoists intentions and there is indeed great reasons for worry given the unprecendented inroads they’ve been making lately by using veiled tactics. SPA’s incompetence and distrust for each other are also great catalysts for Maoists rise.

    They must be stopped and stopped now. Everything that has been moving lately seems to be coming out of Maoists bag. Perhaps this is why Girija has been advocating a ceremonial monarch – as a deterrent, but how I’m still trying to understand the scope.

    Lastly, I say, we can all keep weaving fantasy doubts about possible conspiracies in the offing, but I believe it is the unconditional CA that will eventually decide it all. Till then, it is the responsibility of every educated citizen like us to campaign, mobilize and collectively educate mass of the scope of an all inclusive, pro-people CA elections. We must not let it be the agenda of Maoists nor the parties. It must be the People’s this time.

    By the way, where are our civil society leaders? Are they hiding? For they seem to be lost somewhere …

  2. The article is erroneous. What is going on is all about what peace negotiations should be. The Maoists and the parties jointly fought heroically against the king, and now they are paving the way for ensuring that the people can decide the country’s fate, and ensuring that the king cannot assume his old dictatorial role.

  3. What a fantastic write-up. Keep it up whoever wrote it. Prachanda has managed to fool the 7 parties and mesmerize the Prime Minister. Now, the political party leaders are waking up. How can there be elections to CA before giving up arms? If the Maoists are to run around with arms or even keep it locked in a locker for some time, it is not going to be enough. The people are still afraid with them. They must disarm before the elections, and before the House is dissolved. If the house is dissolved, then we go back to pre-Feb 1st situation again and the 7 parties once again have no mandate to rule nor the legitimacy to talk to the Maoists.
    You’re right about the so-called civil society actors. They are all nincompoops, they have no guts to say anything in the interest of the nation let alone against the Maoists. Look at Daman Dhungana, holding Prachanda’s hand. This is heights of chakadi.
    You’re also right about everyting right now coming from the Maoist bag and everything being dictated by them. This must stop. Prachanda has already started to talk about “People’s Republic” rather than “democratic republic”. Now, what is this? He is already fantasizing of killing all the party leaders & cadres like in the October revolution after throwing the czar out in the February revolution. He is only dreaming. Nepalese are not going to go for CA elections before he disarms completely. And forever.

  4. This articles anylasis is similar to mine. IBut, am more optomistic about the Maoist commitment to competitive politics. It is in the Maoists interest to be considered a legitmate democratic political force by the international community if they are to achieve their agenda. Yes, the lesson learned is that political power “flows from the barrel of a gun.” Unfortunatly , there is nothing that can be done about that. Some things are just true. As I said in my previous article, A state is nothing more then a monopoly on legitimate use of force. HHw did Prithvi Narayan Shah “unite” Nepal? A non-violent movement?

  5. Is there a doubt who wrote it? It is written by same former Thomas A. Marks, the former US Army Colonel and CIA operative who trained ruthless Latin American army during their civil war, who has found reincarnation as the anti-insurgency “guru”.

    About four years ago, he was in Kathmandu in TU CINAS hall advocating ruthless supression as the only way to check Maoists in Nepal. While even his own US government was saying violence is counterproductive in Nepal’s insurgency control. He would still like to have Maoists supressed violently. For some weird reason he chose to send almost identical article to Nepalnews.com under his real name while witholding it for UWB!?

  6. Jabarjast,

    The alliance between SPA and Maoists is not an act of love but an agreement of convinience. Nepali Congress, the liberal democratic component of SPA, was hated by feudal lords due to her struggle against feudal Rana regime in 2007 Sambat and was never forgiven of that act. The supression on political parties by Shah regime, be it Narayanhiti or be it Nirmal Newas, in last half century was virtually directed towards Nepali Congress. As Nepali Congress became ‘Rajtantra Niripekshya’ after king’s humiliation through Dr.Tulsi Giri & co, the myth of invincible monarchy collapsled. Even if a dictator comes to power now, that will not be able to rule this country in the name of feudal king. This 8-point agreement is a stamp on the end of absolute monarch.

    Now, let me come to second part. Maoists did a hell of crimes in this country and still are doing somewhere. Nobody disagrees this fact. But just Maoists’ ascent to power does not make them innocent nor it does provide all of them immunity. Remember, George Tayler, ex-president of Liberia, is facing criminal charges. Maoists are not exceptions. Non-self-admission of Prachand hardly matters in future.

    Change in system most of the times needs arm struggle. You may call that a revolution, good or bad depends upon your personal faith. If Maoists had no arms, ambitious king Gyanendra would have crushed the SPA very easily. The loyalty of security forces to democracy, especilly that of the army, is shaky, even doubtful. Not only Maoists but also SPA can not be enthusistic to dismantle or disarm Maoists armed cadres until they are not sure of army’s loyalty.

    You fear of Maoist entry in government. Disarmed forward looking rebels are more friendly than a feudal king with army at his flang and so an alliance should continue until the role of king is finalized and accepted. Also, if Maoists run ministries for people’s benefit, what is wrong there? Remember Radha Krishna Mainali, ex-minister of education, was once more radical than Prachand and Baburam both togather.

  7. I didn’t even read the article, i looked at the picture and it dit it– Babu and Prachanda wearing an indentical uniform. What’s with that subtle message? Equality in all respects? I doubt that they happen to buy those clothes and they happen to be the same. Fine with their movement but that symbolism was a total crap.

    Let the days unfold, let the king, political leaders and jungle dwelling moaist jiggle around for whatever they propound but be warned by friends! Whoever comes out trimphant, it would be like a big lump of turd that refuses to flush.

    No matter what disguise they come in– with a diamond studded cloak and a crown or ‘daura surwal and dhaka topi’ or the proletariat uniform that Babu/Prachand is wearing, nevertheless they are TURDS at the end, who refuses to go easy.

    Either be ready to have another ‘jana andolan’ to flush them out or make peace with them.

  8. Woke up this morning,
    Smile with the rising sun
    Three little birds
    Besides my door steps
    Singing ‘Don’t worry
    About a thing, cause
    Everything little thing
    is gonna be alright’

    Yeah at least now everyone knows where the real power lies. Tis’ with the people! Beware all because the Nepali people will judge and deliver unto you-be you royalists, maoists, oppurtunists or plain good people. Justice will be done. The Nepali people, I sense, will determine their own future-all others will be swept aside! We will take all the good from all the different players and give birth to a new, modern Nepal! Be proud, be positive-we shall overcome and lead the way!

  9. This article is just like Prachanda speaking. And not a single thing more. It talks alot against maoist crimes and misdoings and none about the systematic rule of the Neapli elite class constiting of mostly feudal elements. Then what’s the difference between this statement and Prachanda’s statement. He is saying everyone must speak aloud in public but he himself is under pseudoname. I would not belive that the parties would accept the maoist participating in the Interim Cabinet with their army around in guns. The agreement has clearly said it would be after the management of arms and personally for me, I would not accept any kind of legitimacy to them if they are holding a gun. But just because one hates them for what they did doesn’t justify that the they should again be sent to jungle. We need Peace but not at the cost of our freedom. And about the maoist proving that the political power comes from the barel of a gun…well mr. anonymous, the democracy you people are so proud of..AMERICA…it also imposes puppet ‘democracy’ around the world and protects them not with a Flower but Tomahawk Cruise Missiles…Guns are always the source of power to your great democracy USA or to the tryant like Kim…either to impose your democracy or tyranny….so until there are guns and human beings…it’s just a matter of time and some hatred or fraustration, people will alwaya be ready to think that the from barel of guns comes power to rule….until we really find some good way out that GUNS ARE REALLY BAD THING TO USE….your USA must think that first then us Nepali….And yeah the parties leaders must show some guts then be lost to the panache of com.Prachanda….
    Democracy and freedom in Nepal…well…you saw it sir, we will fight for it any given time….no need to worry too much about it….

  10. First, TWELVE POINTS


    then, all other hell-lot-of-points agreement/understanding/memorandum.

    Seems like leaders have learnt how to make summary in their grammer/language classes! It took 16 years to learn this much.

  11. i dont know about you but all along the the article, end of the lines are trimmed so i gave up trying to guess read and make sense of it, and this is not the only time this has happend b4…UWB..fix it people!!!. but reading the comments, seriously, the huge issue is disarming before CA, the prachandas are trying to play a subtle politics here, the reaction or no-reaction is seen as fear, i doubt majourity of the people want to let it be, similar disregard ny the SPA would have horded people back to the street, i along with the prachandas see it as a unseen fear mongered people giving a have your way to the MAOists….that will have consequenses with unwarrented impact for the future of the nation…

  12. DEar People of Nepal.
    Reading this article and reading an interview with Mister P. this morning on the website from http://www.ekantipur. com, I’m very worry about this Mr. P.

    In the interview he was mentioning time and again the words “people verdict” / “peoples war” / “peoples army”, enz.
    The people of Nepal didn’t choose above words and deeds.

    Then I was reading this:
    What I think is if the state has the right programmes and vision, then there are only 200 million mouths but 400 hands. If the 400 million hands are put to work in the right way, imagine where this could take the country in 10 years.

    And this:
    Imagine the kind of capital we will have if that is nationalised. Won’t miracles happen if we then mobilise the 400 million hands? We can earn millions from our herbs. We have so much Yarchagumba. Let’s open processing factories where it is found. Thousands will get jobs and we can earn hundreds of millions of rupees. Money will start growing there.

    The same slogans and sayings where used by Moa himself and Mr. Pol Phot in Cambodja. That people forced the whol population of cities to leave the cities at gun point to go to work in the fields. Is that what he has in mind?

    Then he was also saying:
    If the talks fail, there will definitely be an October Revolution of its own kind in Nepal. We are ready to lead that revolution.
    What I mean, in clear words, is that if the seven parties do not understand by October, then the situation will move towards an October Revolution.

    October Revolution? I remember all the failed leaders like Mao, Stalin, Lenin, etc. where saying the same

    Also he is mentioning that every Nepali citizen has to be militarly traind and then we will have the strongest army you can think.

    I have my doubts on the real intentions of Mr. P.

    The SPA now has to say that they give so many to Mr P. that that same Mr. has to give now a good ear to the SPA.
    Politics is not threatening but in good harmony and positive mind solve problems by dialoque.

    Dear people; be aware and do somthing before it is to late to save your freedom or coming into the change of one autocratic system to another more bloody autocratic system

  13. As long as the army is left untouched, nothing’s going to happen. Has Girija shown any indication that he’s ready to dismantle the army?

    And frankly, will the army just let itself be ‘dismantled’?

    Having Maoists in the capital isn’t the best of worlds, but its the best one under the circumstances.

    And who’s saying Maoists are dictating the terms? They can only do so if they feel the army’s marginalized. The army will only be marginalized if it wants to be.

    Does it want to be?

  14. “He is only dreaming. Nepalese are not going to go for CA elections before he disarms completely. And forever.”

    Please tell me how the Nepalese people can dictate anything to anybody. They have no guns. Only the Maoist Army has unified power. The people have turned on their only protectors, the Nepal Army. The Maoists are now in the drivers seat.

  15. I found it interesting when Pushpa Kamal said that “the King misread him perfectly”.
    Was he indicating that he was very clever?

    But i found him no less than a fool.

    This certialy indicates that he initially tried patching up with the King but later as he misread them, they had to form an alliance with the stupid SPA to use them as a tool for their political gains.

    Else if the King would have read them perfectly then they would patch up with him instead and throw out the democratic minded groups in Nepal.

    Later the Maoists quite cleverly blamed the King for the total-downfall. Otherwise, Political Parties would have been blamed for eveything.

    I am not clear as a few in Nepal now know what Prachanda is trying to acheive, should we call he a clever politican or a stupid one.

    One thig that is certian now is that Prachanda’s intentions are not good.

  16. The readymade interim constitution is prepared by the maoist and Laxm Aryal is going to read it within 15 days. To bring the peace in Nepal, it should be understood, the only way out is to accept the maoist plan and goal and let them drive the country because they already won the battle by gun and by peace movement as well. If they are accepting democractic norms then let them drive the country, why propoganda if SPA cannot bargain on their issues? They are in proper goal and achivement with utilising their readymade strategies and where SPA is hunting here and there without proper plan, strategies and goal. The SPA till now confused where they are heading. But maoist’s win in all sectors maybe blocked by outerforces and it might lead to more disturbances in Nepal. That part people should concerntrate more to bring the peace.

  17. A clear case of Might over reason. I have not come across a single statement of Maoist that shows their true intent- as commies do, they say one thing and do another. People have no trust in SPA and are getting real suspicious about Maoist, justifiably so, and are wondering what is next. Most likely revisit to Soviet Union and many Gulags.

    Army have made blunder by sitting ideal, not even counter statement after being accused of heinous crime by the Prachanda. Looks like Nepal has turned into a self destructive mode. And people will pay dearly.

  18. SPA is speeding as per the diktats of the Maoists. They should have “stop, look and go” approach rather than speeding without carefully watching the dangerous turning. They should not have agreed to dissolve parliament so easily. But any way, now they can correct the situation by naming a woman and a dalit in the drafting committee.Also they should give the letter of appointment to Aryal and his team immediately. Otherwise situation may go out of hand.

  19. Neil, coming from SF State not Berkeley your statement “Yes, the lesson learned is that political power “flows from the barrel of a gun.” Unfortunately , there is nothing that can be done about that” tantamount to SURRENDER.

    Are you propagating Pacifist doctrine or nudging us to accept Maoist at any cost eve if it mean giving up our freedom, civil liberties, and pursuit of happiness. You seem so proud of your Bills of Right- it does not apply to us, is it?

  20. What mean to say is that nothing can be none about the influence of arms in politics. It is an immutable law that we can’t wish away.

    You don’t have to ask Mao to learn that “political power flows from the barrel of a gun.”

    He got it from Clausewitz- “We maintain . . . that war is simply a continuation of political intercourse, with the addition of other means.”

    Clausewitz it got it from Sun Tzu and down on the line. The same law applies to both sides. If you want the King back (and there are those here who do), the best way to get there is to disarm the Maoists. The army structure hasn’t changed, and the king hasn’t left.

    The Maoists have committed to multiparty competitive politics, and individual rights in the context of the constituent assembly. I believe that they will honor those commitments, not because I am a starry eyed optimist, but because I believe that it is in their direct interest to honor those commitments.

    You should never stop fighting for your rights, no matter who tries to take them from you. Be it the Maoists, the parties, or the King.

    But while you doing so, you might want to remember the other 80% who are still fighting for theirs.

  21. After getting lots of pressure from seven political parties home minister mr. krishna sitaula has put his knee down.He inform what government’s ploicy will remain before forming the interim government in the country.As he informed that after manage the arms of rebels only maoist will in gomvernment.If they will get the post without disarming, law and order situation in the country will be worse. Dissattisfactions are raising from the SPA, maoist involvement in government without disarming,is very appreciable and we should praise and help them.
    We read another news related to maoist from parbat, that is appreciable. They appointed forcefully their cader named Mr……lamichhane in the post of DDC Chairman yesterday, but after raising the voices of dissattisfactions from the local political leaders affeliated with seven political parties, they came to the dialogue with spa leaders and withdraw their decision.Such efforts form maoist side we should appreciate.

    I read another news published in kathmandu post dated wednesday,june 21,2006 make me very sad not only me such types of news will make sad to others also. The news was- maoists abducted former district development committee member Balawanta Yadav from Nawalparasi, monday evening.A group of rebels,abducted yadav,38,of Ramnagar Municipality-1- incidents like abducted, looted and captured such news frequently publishing in the various newspaper after sigining the 8-points agreement between the SPA-Maoist top leaders.Among the 8 points one very important point is in the agreement- Expressing commitment to competitive multiparty governning system, civl liberties, fundamental rights, human rights, press freedom and democratic norms and values including the rule of law will carry out their peaceful activities accordingly. if the maoist really serious on the commitments and on the peace deal they should strictly follow them and make condusive environment for the nation prgress.if they have problems for the management of theirs cadders and militia they shoud come to dialogue with goverment. primeminister Mr Girija prasad koirela had already given the words for the support and also committed to seek the UN support also. so we all request the maoist leaderrship to immediately instruct their caders to stop such activities.may peace prevail in the country.

  22. The pic speaks volumes.

    Damannath – scared

    Baburam – Hard to read. Looks like he does not agree with whatever Prachanda is saying. Is dissatisfied.
    Also worried if he will be caught and shot by the army.

    Prachanda – knows he is the most powerful person in Nepal. knows he has almost won the war

    Madav Nepal – looks comfortable next to Prachanda. fully supports him. is thinking perhaps he should have joined the maoists in the first place.

    Krishna Sitaula – knows he has no power in front of prachanda. uneasy.scared

    Deuba – reflecting if perhaps the king was a better enemy to deal with and whether he should have ordered the killing of so many comrades.

  23. Foreigner: you forgot to put in the parts that don’t fit your conception:

    Q. What kind of republicanism is it that you have been talking about?

    Prachanda: There shouldn’t be the parliamentary republicanism, which is in practice in other countries, in Nepal. That doesn’t solve the problem. There’s no question of an autocracy. We need a republicanism of our own kind.

    Q. You have envisioned a people’s republic, no?

    Prachanda: Mao Zedong’s People’s Republic cannot fulfill the needs of today’s world. It cannot address today’s political awareness appropriately. Mao said cooperative party theory; we called it competitive party theory. We have said let’s move ahead from the conventional People’s Republic and develop it as per the specialties of the 21st century.

    Q. You do not follow the old concept of communism?

    Prachanda: Definitely not. What happened without competition? In the USSR, Stalin gave no place to competition and went ahead in a monolithic way. What was the result?

    Q. Let’s talk about the economy. The 21st century world is a free-market world. How do you see the open market economic policy?

    Prachanda: The economy should not be given a free rein in the name of a free market. We should take the middle way. Words like liberalisation and globalisation are being much touted these days. But if you look at it closely, the very supporters of these theories have not implemented it in their own countries. The most powerful countries and America themselves have not implemented it. They have referred it to the poorest countries. Competition has been referred to undeveloped countries. We are against that policy. It’s not right.

    Q. Business people, industrialists and entrepreneurs are a little concerned about you. Their fear is if you can give them so many problems as a powerful party, you will squeeze them once in power.

    Prachanda: We encourage those who want to develop industries in the country, create jobs, make profits and invest the profits in the country. We are organising a national meet of the capitalists. There, we will invite even those who disagree with us. We want that Nepal’s capital does not go outside. We are clear that there will be no development in Nepal unless the capitalists can make some profit. But let that profit not be through exploitation and let it also not go abroad. We are also going to propose to the capitalists to invest where the most profit can be made. We should introduce a strict law to stop those who earn here and deposit the money in America or India.

  24. The article is well presented but is against conflict resolution.
    Do not forget the peace, democracy, human right, and press freedom are our mail goal in which Prachand has signed. let us not question and doubt on that. One can also analyse from Maoist view point; world opinion is against them. They have to take account armed cader and they want justifiable safe landing, how do you achieve. It is better to be cautious, but do not doubt every steps. Whatever you do there is nothing like perfet Road Map and whatever you do it will be put to criticism. However, make sure the CA election is Fearless, Peaceful, and Impartial.
    For this Manage the arms first, have international monitoring.
    Make decent constitution and hold general election.
    Do not worry, there are brains in NC, UML, Maoist and others. Let us make a system where in everybody can use their brain for the betterment of Nepal. Be fair

  25. Nepali want peace, even with the Maoist. Everybody has to prove its sincerity and so far the Maoists have got a chance too. Worldwide in such a situation, peacekeepers have to control both sides. Mistrust is a Nepali virtue, but trust comes first, that is what most Nepali have to accept.

  26. wow and damn!!! people here are so lithe with their political analysis, which i lack so dearly and hence I can’t make any coherent political arguments.

    But, I can always comment on simple observation, such as what does the above picture you remind of? Do you see any staggering similarities between this picture and the ‘Last Supper’ by Da Vinci?

    But the bigger question is– Who is Jesus among them that is going to get crusified not for the people but for his own political agenda? And who is the Judas among them that is going to betray Nepali janta. Just sit back and let, yet another ‘Newer Testament (CA)’ be written and have its characters reveal themselves.

    And I sincerely hope Nepali Janta won’t be banished from their homeland for eons to come for having followed wrong dieties.

  27. It was sickening to watch the media, SPA leaders, and members of the civil society hailing Prachanda as a hero. It was even more revolting to see how he proceeded to demolish the Army and not one single person present there that evening seemed to disagree! This conflict was not the Army’s making and it lost thousands of officers and men fighting to defend the people. Do we Nepalese have such short memories and are we so ungrateful as a nation and as a people?

  28. Hello Deva

    I do see your point, the mess was not entirely making of Army,but certainly they are part of it. And i don’t see why every Nepalis have to be grateful to an archaic instution of army, which only served ‘Narayanhiti’.
    Yes, they did fight, but not for Nepali janta, but for their masters. And, I guess, it’s OK for janta to be indifferent about the faith of the army since it serves no purpose to them.

    So, please do not incriminate us with fickle memory, we are in fact pragmatic.

  29. I think the King was the most stupid among all leaders of our country, if we can take him as one. Prachanda said that KG misread their campaign.

    If King should have cooperated with SPA, we would have another situation now.King was too greedy of money and power. He was not capable of becoming the King of the people of Nepal.He could not understand the sentiments of Nepalese people.

    Prachanda after killing 13000 Nepalese,(though he was not responsible for directly killing all of them but he was the cause of all the deaths) he has become Saadhu. And SPA leaders thought that he is real savior and they worshipped him in Baluwatar. What about the killings by the Maoists in broad day light slitting the neck of one Journalist in Chautara etc. There were hundreds of incidents like this.Now can we forget this and accept Prachanda as PM or President of our country. It would be injustice to the families of Maoists victims. I think that one day we should try him in the International Court and bring final justice.

    Girrija and and his bedfellows of other six parties are too weak to negotiate with Maoists. They gave everything for nothing.Sitaula is like BACHHA. He is running here and there and had a very unacceptable 8 points.He should not do like that.

    Prachanda wanted soft landing and he got supersoft landing. Otherwise, India and USA still consider Prachand as terrorist.

  30. नेपाल अब नाश हुँदै छ्!

    जनता मारा हत्यारा प्रचन्डे, र त्यस्का हत्यारा लुटेरा हरु को जमात अहिले नेपाल का पानीमरूवा नेताहरुले अभिनन्दन गरिरहेका छन्
    नेपाल मा कानून को राज्य हुन धेरै समय लाग्ला जस्तो छ । अब नेपाल दया-धर्म-सन्स्कार हिन अपङो हुने बाटो मा तिब्र गती ले बढी रहेछ (मेरो असन्तुस्टी ज्ञानेन्द्र लाइ थुनेको मा होईन माओ बादी लाइ पुरस्कार दिएको मा हो)
    लेख को भाषा र प्रस्तुती राम्रो लाग्यो । कु रा सत्य हो । अहिले माओ बादी लाइ पुरस्कार दिनु को धेरै अर्थ मा नेपाल मा दुर गामि असार पार्छ भन्ने कुरा निश्चित छ । तत्काल नै हटियार्, कुट्पिट्, वालाअत्कार, गरीब माथि जघन्या यातना र हत्या हरु, जुन आज भोली पनि पनि आराम ले भाई रहेकोप छ्, यस्तो सन्स्कृती को सबल रुप ले प्रत्याभुती भ इ रहेछ्; सात पार्टी नेता हरु ले सम्पूर्ण आमानविय यातना हरु लाइ बैधनीक मान्याता दिएर अरु लाइ पनि यसै गर्न प्रोत्सा हन दिएको प्रत्याक्ष्य छ । माओवादी नेपाल को सन्स्कृती का कलन्क हुन्, उनिहरु को अत्याचार र ज्ञानेन्द्र को अत्याचार एकै हो । त र सुरक्ष्या अधिकारि हरु ले मानवअधिकार उलङ्हन गरेको सम्ब न्ध मा चार तिर आवाज उठि रहेको छ (जुन कि जायज हो) र त र माओ बादी हरु को आज्, अहिले सम्म चलिरहेको अत्याचार को किन आवाज उठेको छैन्, तीनएए हरु लाइ किन अदालत मा ल्याइदैन ? त्यस्को उत्तर हो; कस्को हिम्मत ? एक शब्द उनिहरु को वीरऊद्ध कसैले बोलेमा त्यो ब्यक्ती को घर परिवार र स्व यम को प्राण रक्ष्या हुँदैन । तत्काल संघतिक हमला गर्छन भनेर कोही एक शब्द बोल्न सक्दैन । भने पछी सारा नेपाल अहिले माओवादी को कब्जा मा छैन त ?
    अब सात दल हरु ले आत्म समर्पण गरेर सरकार माओवादी को हात मा दिदै छन्; प्रचन्ड ले भनि सकेका छन्, अब नेपाल आर्मी को काम छैन्, सन्ख्या घ टाएर १० हजार मात्र राख्ने र अढाइ करोद युवा हरु लाइ छापामार तालिम दिने; अब त्यो तालिम दिएका अढाइ करोद मिलिशिया ले के काम गर्ने छन त ? उनि हरु ले नेपाल मा दिन दहाडे लुट्, हत्या जे पनि गर्न सक्छन्, फेरी चुनाव मा तीनइहरु को माओ बादी लाइ कति काम होला ? कतिपय ठाउ मा त माओ बादी को बिपक्ष मा उम्मेद्बार उम्मेद्बारी मा नाम सम्म कसै ले हाल्न सक्दैन होला ।
    नेपाल अब नाश हुँदै छ्!

  31. It seems like the SPA agenda has been uprooted by the Maos. Jan Andolan II did not legimitize the Maoists doctrines. It was power to the people, not a single party. It is the lack of preparedness on the part of SPA and the current government that gives the Maoists the lead unfortunately.

    First, SPA does not have a clear vision or stated goals about the peace process, interim government, interim constitution, CA, elections and the status of the monarchy. Maoists on the other hand have definitely done their homework. They stick to their points whereas we hear conflicting views from the SPA.

    Second, the negotiating skills of the SPA and the government is weak. When there are negotiations and peace talks, it should be a two-way street, not one party dictating the agenda. The government has given up way too much room in the negotiations and Maoists none.

    Third, there is no one person(s) in the current government or the SPA to match the rhetorical skills, intellectual depth (even though it is only Maoist), and logical reasonings to match Prachanda and/or Babu Ram.

    Fourth, when the SPA is haggling over petty ministerial berths or parliamentary procedures, they are losing valuable time to campaign in the rural hinterland for the CA. The SPA need to be united and campaign for a multi-party, free and democratic ideals and differentiate the SPA from the Maoists who are authoratarian. Otherwise, they will lose their voice in the CA. If Maoists win the CA majority then we will face the tyranny of the majority.

    Finally, the SPA needs to stick to the point of ABSOLUTELY NO Maoist participation in the interim government without total disarmament nor any elections to the CA without it. It is impossible to have a free and fair elections without total disarmament. There may be UN monitering but UN is a toothless int’l organization that cannot do anything without the blessings of the Security Council. Given that Nepal falls in the Sino-Indian sphere of interest, it is doubtful any meaningful UN intervention can take place.

    There should be NO Maoist militas either–just look at Iraq. If the SPA compromises in this issue then we are doomed.

  32. SPA leaders must have the courage to say to Maoists that in no circumstances they will allow the Maoists in the Interim Govt. without the management of Arms. They must have guts to tell Prachanda and the Maoists.

  33. Give me a break, Neil. Do you mean to say US espouses arms as mean to settle or score or gain political mileage, you sentence like this “What mean to say is that nothing can be none about the influence of arms in politics. It is an immutable law that we can’t wish away.” I guess this kinda rule applied only in wild, wild west but how can you justify it or is it because we (Nepali) are still categorized as Less civilized. C’mon.

    The job of politicians and politics is to eradicate such misnomers and deviancy. And by the way, the interview of Pranchand does not hold any water. Just go through all his interviews and you will find inconsistency and contradictions of his stated goals. Now this is a concern and lets not be swayed by rhetoric, which is just that.

  34. This article is nicely written, but a bit one sided questioning, mostly the Maoist intentions. This is the key problem in Nepali mind-set, we love to live in conspiracies and remain sceptical rather than optimistic. People Like Dawa seems to have short memories rather than us, since two thirds of the total 13000 Nepalese are killed by the security forces and the political parties ruined the country in the first place due to their power hungry fight. Even look now, they all want Deputy Prime Minister and fighting for ministerial posts. The choice is ours – be sceptical about the Maoist, undermine their cause and once again turn our country into bloodshed or look for compromised solutions and make efforts to build new Nepal. We all should remember that the Maoist will not be able to turn our country into Dictatorial Communist Republic for three good reasons – a. India will not let it happen. B. US and EU will not let it happen. C. Nepali people will not elect them for that regime.
    Only point agrees with most the commentators is that the “Maoist arms should be managed under the supervision of UN before the CA”. I strongly agree with Prachanda that there is no single justification to keep 90,000- strong army in Nepal. May by we use more army for UN peace keeping (good job opportunities if the boys get their salary in their hands unlike now it goes to kalyankari kosh – general pocket).

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