Federal Governance Structure is Mandatory for Proportional Electoral System
SPA & Maoists are discussing about proportional electoral system more than focusing themselves on restructuring Nepal with federal governance structure. The proportional electoral system based on population might create further complications because this system must also consider other criteria such as human development and country’s geographical disproportional regions. If the political parties and ethnic groups seriously wish to establish ‘Federal Governance System’ then they must comprehend the principles of federalism and its structure fundamentals. It is easy to strive for it with protests and politicizing slogans but hard to conceive its structure for the nation. Nevertheless, it needs great deal of consultations, discussions and dialogues in the national and international level.
We have to acknowledge our past political discipline, government practice and their legacy within our mindsets and the soil of the nation as honestly as we can. Our legacy is centrally built setup on the controlled arbitrary system. Such system belonged to the primitive government practices like the feudal oligarchic, dictatorial and totalitarian governance systems. Democracy cannot last long under such systems. The historic evidence of it is the frequent failure of past democratic governments of Nepal when they tried to function with such primitive governance setups.
Nation can risk neither her integrity nor people’s civil liberty with all that political hodgepodges. It is time for the political leaderships, ruling elites, legal experts and members of civil societies to sit and consider the federal governance structure fundamentals that can address the national crises.
In federal governance system there are governments within governments. However, there are no autonomous regions self-governing on their own. All the governments of a federal governance system in every level must comply with the Constitution of the nation, federal bills and their amendments.
The federal government or the central government in the capital of the nation has rigorous responsibilities for the national security, national policy making, foreign relations establishment and the protection of Constitution and justice. The state or regional, district and city local governments have to manage their local affairs for administration, law enforcement, justice and development under the federal national policies, regulations and mandates.
The Madhesi revolt for the federal governance and proportional electoral system might be good for the nation if the Madhesi leaderships seriously understand what they are really rebelling for. If the consequence of it can establish the federal governance system with its structure fundamentals the achievements of the movement will be grandeur and historic.
The seriousness of the Madhesi leaderships depends on how genuinely they are willing to discuss the issues with the government and leaderships of SPA and Maoists. This needs national consensus not only for the achievements of Madhesi issues but all the national issues of diverse ethnic communities. The Madhesi issue now has become the national issue. Thus all leaderships, ruling elites, law experts, and people of Nepal must understand the Federal Governance structure fundamentals.
Table 1 The greater the number of the federal governance system’s state or regional or district or city local governments stronger the national bond among the local governments; more proficient the decentralization of state power and responsibility; and lesser the chance for a state or region to breakaway or separate as an independent nation. This is how the union of a Federal Nation can be built up from the grass-root levels of local governance to sustain the significant of electoral democracy.
The criterion of the permanent residence of a local government has to legislated by the federal government. Citizens of Nepal must have right to change their residency from any state or region to other state or region.