#IndiaBlockadesNepal: Demystifying #India’s Propaganda on #Nepal’s Madhesh

Nepal Foreign Affairs – Some of the top myths Indian government and media have been spreading to justify the ongoing Madhes agitation against Nepal’s new democratic constitution. These myths are also utilized to convince the Indian people so that the ongoing economic blockade against Nepal is not opposed inside India.

“If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it”, taught Joseph Goebbels, the German Minister of Propaganda for 12 years during which Second World War had taken place.

The War ended, perpetrators punished and the idea debunked; but states have picked his education by choice. The recent and glaring instance has been India, whose diplomats and experts seem to have outdone Goebbles in dishing out Goebblean “Big Lies” with regards to Nepal’s Madhes agitation and secular, new constitution.

It is no secret by now that India’s ruling Hindu Right detastes Nepal’s democratic constitution for its secular character, and therefore, wants to shoot it down spreading all kinds of myths.

But more problematic is a recent joint statement between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his British counterpart David Cameron, suggesting how far this propaganda has reached and how India might have duped the “Great” Britain as well. We are sure India will continue it lying spree while imposing an economic blockade against Nepal, creating an unforeseen humanitarian crisis in the absence of fuel and medical supplies.

We have gathered some of the top myths Indian government and media has been spreading to justify the ongoing Madhes agitation against Nepal’s new democratic constitution, a reason forwarded also to justify the ongoing economic blockade.

Lie Number 1: Nepal’s Madhesi population is 51% of the total population of the country.

Fact: Nepal’s Madhes has half of the country’s population. Ethnic Madhesi population is 13%. Muslims are 4.4% and Tharus are 6.6%

This is a statement one finds in almost every Indian commentary and report on Madhes agitation. Read an example where Indian Home Minister claims to protect the interest of ten million Indian-origin Hindus in Nepal.

However, the truth about it is something different. Nepal’s Madhes region comprises of its southern plains. It has 22 districts of Nepal’s total 75. The people living in Madhes are not all ethnic Madhesis as opposed to many in India and abroad tend to think. The region is as diverse as the rest of Nepal. Ethnic Madhesis make up a large share of population but majority of the people there don’t want to be identified as Madhesis.

According to the 2011 Census, the population share in Madhes is 48.4% of the total.

Yadav community, the biggest Madhesi group, has the population of 1,054,458 (4%); other Terai groups (OTG), which also includes dominant caste groups of Bramhin, Rajput and Kayastha is 4% (the populationof each caste groups is mentioned in the census data), Muslims are 1,164,255 (4.4%)and Tharus are 1,737,470 (6.6%) and Terai Dalits make up 5% of the total population. (See here the population monograph of Nepal 2014)

Rest is the population of Terai Aadivaasi and people of hill origin. The census data has been processed, refined and used by the UN also.

By this account, even if one clusters the Dalits, OTG including dominant community, and Yadavs, the actual population of ethnic Madhesis stands at 13%. This is the share of Indian-Origin Madhesis Rajnath Singh, India’s Home Minister,  is referring about. Tharus and Muslims don’t want to be called Madhesis as their fight for separate identity runs parallel with Madhes movement. If one puts all of them together in the same basket, the population share is 23%, almost half of the total population of Madhes. This argument is not to say that the voice of smaller section of population has to be ignored, but to prove that the population claim on Madhes is wrong and is a propaganda created to give a false notion that Nepal’s new constitution is challenged by majority.

Lie Number 2: Tharus and hill Janajatis are with Madhesi parties against Nepal’s new constitution.

Fact: Tharus have a separate identity. They have their own demands incompatible with the Madhesis. Hill janjatis are in support of the new constitution.

Another non-stop myth spewing out of Indian media as well as its government bureaucracy about the current agitation claims that the Tharu indigenous people and the hill Janajati groups stand with Madhesi parties in this agitation. This is an out and out lie.

It is true that the Tharu people have demanded greater autonomy. Like the Madhesis, their demand is for a province without adjoining hill district in the west of Madhes region. While saying so, clustering them together with the Madhesis is a huge injustice since their claim of a separate identity from that of the ethnic Madhesis has a long history.

For an example, Arjuna Gunaratne has done an extensive research on Nepal’s Tharu community. His work“Many Tongues, One People: The Making of Tharu Identity in Nepal” is an outstanding academic work that appeared in the Journal of Asian Studies 2003. See a UN assessment how Tharu movement differs from that of the Madhesis.

Most importantly, the largest representative of the Tharus at present is Madhesi People’s Rights Forum-Democratic led by Bijaya Gachchhadar, who has remained the part of the constitution making process and is a Deputy Prime Minister in the current coalition led by Prime Minister KP Oli.

Many of Gachchhadar’s detractors would love to say he has been discredited recently, but they close their eyes to the fact that he is the only Tharu leader who has NOT lost an election since 1991. There is no single Madhesi leader of his stature at present.

The claim that hill Janajati groups have rejected the constitution does not sustain at all as there are no signs as such. On the contrary, Janajati leaders have stood as the most vehement defenders of this constitution. They reject the Madhesi demand of clustering eastern Jhapa, Morang and Sunsari districts in Madhes state.

Lie Number 3: Entire Madhes is agitating against the constitution.

Fact: Madhes has 22 districts. In seven of them, there is a reverse agitation building against Madhesi parties. In another seven of them, there is a somewhat agitation. Eight districts, which have got a province they wanted, are agitating.

Nepal’s Terai region has 22 districts: Kanchanpur, Kailali, Banke, Bardiya, Dang, Kapilabastu, Rupandehi, Nawalparasi, Chitawan, Bara, Parsa, Rautahat, Dhanusha, Sindhuli, Siraha, Saptari, Sarlahi, Mahottari, Udayapur, Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari.

Among them, Kanchanpur, Chitawan, Sindhuli, Jhapa, Udayapaur, Morang and Sunasari have a very small share of Madhesi population, 6.3%. They have Tharu population at 13%. There is a reverse agitation brewing up in these districts against the Madhesi demands.

Kailali, Banke, Bardiya, Dang, Kapilbastu, Nawalparasi Rupandehi, have Tharus, Muslims, Madhesis and hill people. These areas were initially somewhat agitated but have returned to complete peace now. With Muslims and Tharus getting Constitutional Commissions, one of their major demands has been addressed by the constitution. India is provoking the Tharus by extending an alliance with the Madhesi parties, so far unsuccessfully, to demand a plains-only province. A fulfilment of this would be used to whip up the expansion of province-2.

This limits the current agitation strictly within the eight districts: Bara, Parsa, Rautahat, Dhanusha, Siraha, Saptari, Sarlahi, Mahottari. This is also the precise Province 2 according to Nepal’s new constitution. So the demand of the agitating parties here is an expansion of the province as it became small for them. What they are saying is like this: My house is small, but my neighbor’s is big; so I want that one too. This is the reason why many in Nepal say Madhes agitation has no genuine political demands but they are used only to serve India’s strategic goal: keep bargaining with Kathmandu.

#IndiaBlockadesNepal: Evidences that Prove #Nepal’s Madhes Problem Fuelled by India

Here is collection of concrete evidences, which prove this is a blockade India has imposed, creating troubles in Nepal’s Madhes region: (From: Nepalforeignaffairs.com)

  1. Sadbhawana Party is a key member of the agitating coalition. Its president Rajendra Mahato has unequivocally shared with the Indian Express newspaper, on 4th October, that he and his colleagues were instructed by Indian leaders to start agitation. Mahato admits, “We were told to start border demonstrations by BJP leaders..…What is good for India is good for us.” Read more here
    The question: Why take help of a crude lie if not guided by an ulterior motive? If Mahato is wrong, why not refute his statement? After all, Indian Embassy in Kathmandu is issuing rebuttals of the statement of every Tom, Dick and Harry.
  2. Member of the Upper Chamber of Indian parliament and opposition scholar Mani Shankar Aiyar believes the “Hindu State” intention, and adds that dirty politics was another reason why Indian government chose to blockade Nepal. In one of his most widely read columns with NDTV, Aiyar wrote on September 26:
    “With Madhes running along the entire border with northern Bihar, Modi wants to score political points to push his party over the edge in the crucial coming Bihar election. He believes a pro-Madhesi posture will resonate with the Biharis who have strong ethnic ties with the Terai”.
    Our request to PM Modi: It was a wrong move. Please see that a humanitarian crisis is building in Nepal because of the blockade. School are closed for months, hospitals are running out of medicines, life-saving is becoming difficult. Nepal blockade is being compared with the Nazi Gas Chamber. This is an ominous prestige you will have. This is going too far.
  3. Praveen Swami, another noted Indian Scholar, writes clearly that India is colluding with Madhes protesters to impose the blockade:
    “Nepal’s police action is, in essence, a shrewd poker move: by raising its bet, it has forced India to either escalate, or leave the game. Ever since protests against Nepal’s new constitution began in the Terai region, New Delhi has been claiming the threat of violence is deterring truckers carrying fuel and supplies from crossing the border. Kathmandu, noting that India wasn’t using its influence to clear the road, claimed it was colluding in the blockade — an allegation that New Delhi has stoically denied”.
    This leads to another question: Why not leave Nepal on its own and let it solve its problems?
  4. After the blockade has been imposed, India’s former ambassador to Nepal Shiv Shankar Mukherji writes:
    “Criticisms of India’s policy, in Nepal and here (In India), are misplaced. India should ignore the fulminations of armchair analysts, parachute pundits, and continue what it is doing: Point out to Nepal’s leaders that we’re concerned solely because instability in Nepal directly affects us across an open border.” In the same article he went on to incorrectly saying that Nepal mobilized half of its national Army in the Terai region, in his eyes, “to suppress the Madhes agitation”. But the fact had been that the Army was only securing vital installations as protesters were using brute violence. Total number of security personnel, including Nepal Police and Armed Police forces, mobilized in the 11 violent districts at the time was roughly 20,000.
    This brings a fact: India has been advised by a powerful bureaucracy to use “strong-arm tactic” like blockade against Nepal. In doing so, they briefed falsehood to their political leadership.
  5. Just before the blockade started, see the flood of the statements of India’s Ministry of External Affairs. After the Indian Special Envoy S Jayashankar returned without success to stop the political process, India ominously “noted” the promulgation of new constitution in Nepal. Then the next day, comes another statement which says Indian transporters had been refusing to travel to Nepal for the fear of violence, a veiled threat to start the blockade: (). There are many other statements in the ministry website on Nepal.
    This gives us a conclusion: Blockade was a well-planned policy prepared by India’s Foreign Ministry bureaucracy. They didn’t study Nepal’s constitution or had no interest in it since Indian advice was not entertained.

(Read full article in Nepalforeignaffairs.com Link: http://nepalforeignaffairs.com/ten-evidences-which-prove-nepals-madhes-problem-is-fuelled-by-india/)

Citizens’ Call on International Community to Address Humanitarian Crisis in #Nepal

The solidarity between the communities of Nepal is strong, and they are capable of managing their interrelationships for greater good without the involvement of external actors.

30 October 2015, Kathmandu
We undersigned citizens are deeply concerned that the de facto economic blockade of the past two months by India has resulted in a grave humanitarian crisis in Nepal. We appeal to the concerned parties of Nepal, and to the international community including India to recognise this crisis and take effective steps to bring it to an immediate end.

As is well known, the people of Nepal have been struggling to overcome the impact of the devastating earthquake of six months ago. Coming at the heels of such a catastrophe as well as disruptions caused by political unrest in the Tarai-Madhes plains, the extended blockade by India has crippled the economy of Nepal and led to great human suffering. Vital social services have been disrupted, hospitals have run out of essential drugs and supplies, and UNICEF estimates that more than 1.6 million children have been deprived of schooling over the past two months.

All over, industries as well as small businesses are closed and development activities, including construction of vital infrastructure, are at standstill. Tourism has been severely disrupted during what would have been peak season. Employment prospects have diminished nationally, forcing hundreds of thousands more to consider job migration to India, the Gulf and Malaysia.

The fuel crisis caused by the blockade has cut the food supply chain, causing shortages in all parts of the country. It has disrupted transportation at the height of Nepal’s national holiday season, preventing millions from travelling to ancestral homes. There have been many deaths from traffic accidents caused by dangerously overcrowded public transport, with passengers including women, children and the elderly forced to travel precariously on rooftops of buses.

We 12 citizens denounce the Indian blockade and disagree with the claim that the obstruction at the border is solely the result of agitation within Nepal. There is ample evidence to the contrary, as observed in the go-slow at custom checkpoints, the refusal by the Indian Oil Corporation as monopoly supplier to load fuel tankers from Nepal, and reports in the Indian press quoting border security Seema Shuraksha Bal officers that they have been asked to impede shipments.

We are pained that India, a country that extended such immediate and unstinting support after the April 2015 earthquake, has seen fit to carry out a blockade that has halted the urgent reconstruction efforts that will make people even more vulnerable during the imminent winter season. If the earthquake hurt the Nepali economy to the tune of USD 7 billion, it is estimated that the cumulative loss from the blockade thus far significantly exceeds that amount.

Nepal, a friendly neighbour with deep historical and cultural ties with India across the open international border, is being penalised for something as above-board as promulgating a progressive, democratic, federal and republican constitution through an elected, representative and inclusive Constituent Assembly. Meanwhile, an entire generation of young Nepali citizens, born after the earlier Indian blockade of 1989-90 and harbouring only goodwill towards the neighbour, has been exposed to New Delhi’s harsh action.

Like all other constitutions of the world, the Constitution of Nepal-2015 is not perfect, and we the undersigned too demand certain amendments to bring it fully in line with pluralistic democratic norms and values. The leading parties have already introduced proposals to amend provisions in order to address key demands of disaffected groups, including proportional representation in state institutions. We believe that the complex matter of provincial demarcation in a country of many communities with cross-cutting demands must be resolved peacefully through political negotiation and democratic constitutional process. Meanwhile, we stand for an effective probe into violent incidents of the past two months with the goal of bringing those responsible to justice.

As a sovereign nation-state and a society that believes in due process, Nepal is fully capable of dealing with its internal challenges, including addressing anxieties of its Madhesi, Tharu and other communities through consultation, negotiation and constitutional amendment. The solidarity between the communities of Nepal is strong, and they are capable of managing their interrelationships for greater good without the involvement of external actors.

India’s ongoing blockade goes against the principles of Panchsheel, the spirit of regional cooperation under SAARC and BIMSTEC, the internationally recognised rights of land-locked countries, as well as India’s obligations under the bilateral transit treaty of 1991. The blockade contravenes the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, to which both India and Nepal are signatory. New Delhi’s actions amount to unilateral coercive measures with serious negative impact on the enjoyment of human rights covered under various UN resolutions.

It is our considered view, which we believe is shared by millions of Nepalis from mountain, hill and plain, that India’s action of blockading Nepal cannot be justified under any pretext. This unfortunate step has deepened the humanitarian crisis in Nepal and is unworthy of the leadership role that we know India seeks to play on the world stage.

We demand the immediate lifting of the blockade against Nepal and restoration of good neighbourly relations. We call upon the international community to take all necessary measures to end the humanitarian crisis that the country and its people are facing.

Signed: Nilamber Acharya, Megh Ale, Kanak Mani Dixit, Kul Chandra Gautam, Chandni Joshi, Dr. Arjun Karki, Anuradha Koirala, Dr. Bhagwan Koirala, Kedar Bhakta Mathema, Sushil Pyakurel, Kapil Shrestha and Dinesh Tripathi

Released: 10 AM, 30 October 2015, Kathmandu
Contact: KMD +977-98510-53209

तेलको भाउ वढ्दा समिति गठन गर्ने संसद चिकित्सा क्षेत्रमा भएको भ्रष्टाचारवारे मौन वस्न मिल्दैन: गगन थापा

गगन थापा

केहि दिनमा हामी संविधानको अन्तिम रुप दिदैछौं । संविधानका अक्षर मृत हुन्छन । संविधानका मृत अक्षरलाई कर्मले जीवन्त वनाउने हो । कर्म वदल्न निश्चित पद्दति चाहिन्छ । हामीले संविधानमा स्वास्थ्यको अधिकार नागरिकको मौलिक हकको रुपमा लेख्दै आएका छौं । यसलाई जीवन्त वनाउन निश्चित पद्दति चाहिन्छ नै । डा. गोविन्द के.सी.को अनसन त्यहि पद्दति निर्माणका लागि हो । उहाँले उठाउनुभएको विषय उहाँको नीजि विषय होईन न त अहिले चिकित्सा क्षेत्रमा देखिएका विकृतिका विरुद्ध मात्र हो । अतः यस्ता सार्वजनिक सरोकारका विषय संसदको चासोको विषय बन्नुपर्छ ।

गत चैत्र २१ गते डा. गोविन्द के.सी.को पाँचौ पटकको १२ दिन लामो आमरण अनशन तोड्ने क्रममा सरकारले स्वास्थ्य-शिक्षा क्षेत्रमा देखिएका विकृतिको अन्त्यका लागि माथेमा कार्यदलको प्रतिवेदनको कार्यन्वयन गर्ने प्रतिवद्धता सहित ११ वुँदे सम्झौता गरेको थियो । Continue reading तेलको भाउ वढ्दा समिति गठन गर्ने संसद चिकित्सा क्षेत्रमा भएको भ्रष्टाचारवारे मौन वस्न मिल्दैन: गगन थापा

मुलुकको भविष्य निर्णायक मोडमा !

प्रा. डा. मदन कुमार दाहाल

तराईमा सम्पूर्ण यातायात अवरूद्ध छ, जन-जीवन अत्यन्त कष्टप्रद र भयावह रहेको छ। सम्पूर्ण नेपालमा एक दिन बन्द-हडताल हुंदा अनुमानित कुल रू. ३ अर्व वरावरको आर्थिक क्षति हुन्छ।

11754255_867772586647069_1720834341450081552_nनेपालको संविधान, २०७२ जारी हुने पूर्व सन्ध्यामा केही दिन देखि संघीयताको नाउंमा जातीय र क्षेत्रीय राज्यको माग गर्दै तराईमा निरन्तर प्रदर्शन, भिडन्त, वन्द-हडताल, अशान्ती, हत्या-हिंशा र कर्फ्युको लहर चलेको छ। तराईमा सम्पूर्ण यातायात अवरूद्ध छ, जन-जीवन अत्यन्त कष्टप्रद र भयावह रहेको छ। सम्पूर्ण नेपालमा एक दिन बन्द-हडताल हुंदा अनुमानित कुल रू. ३ अर्व वरावरको आर्थिक क्षति हुन्छ। हालै सरकारको तर्फवाट दोश्रो पटक आन्दोलनकारीहरूसंग वार्ताको लागि पत्राचार गरिएको छ। Continue reading मुलुकको भविष्य निर्णायक मोडमा !

आतंकबादको बचाव जत्तिको प्रतिगामी कदम अरु हुनै सक्दैन

कैलाली घटनापछि नेपाली समाजको ठुलो तप्कामा निराशा पैदा भएको छ । माओवादी विद्रोहपछि हिंसा सकियो भन्ने विश्वास गरेका धेरैले कैलाली टिकापुरमा आन्दोलनकारीले ७ प्रहरी र एक दुधे बालक मारेको रात निन्द्रा नपरेको अभिव्यक्ति समाजिक सञ्जालमा व्यक्त गरे। त्यो स्वभाविक थियो ।

पहिलो, आतंकले सामान्य मानिसलाई पिडा दिन्छ । सन् २०१४ मा सात समुन्द्र पारी इस्लामिक स्टेटले एकजना अमेरिकी पत्रकारको घाँटी रेटी हत्या गर्दा सामाजिक सञ्जालमा नेपालकै सज्जनहरुले समेत मानवता विरोधी अपराधको खुलेर विरोध गरेका थिए । त्यति टाढाको घटनाले हाम्रो मनहरु दुखेको थियो भने आफ्नै भुमिमा त्यो भन्दा क्रुर, पाशविक र अमानवीय घटना हुँदा निन्द्रा नपर्नु स्वभाविक हो ।

दोस्रो, आतंकले आम मानिसमा निराशा पैदा गर्छ। आतंकको निरन्तरताले आर्थिक संबृद्धिको मार्ग बन्द गर्छ । यसले गर्दा नागरिकहरु आफ्नै भविष्यसुनिश्चित नभएको पिरलोका कारण अस्थिर मनोभाव पैदा गराउँछ । यो मनोविज्ञान देश विकासको लागि समेत घातक हुनपुग्छ । क्षमता भएकाहरु विदेशिने धेरै कारण मध्येको एक यही हो ।

तर कैलाली नरसंहारका यी पक्षहरु भन्दा डरलाग्दो अर्को पक्ष छ । त्यो हो हिंसा र आतंकको राजनीतिककरण । मानिसलाई भाला र बन्चरो हानेर मार्ने कामलाई समेत नेपालको सचेत तप्काले खुलेर आतंकबाद हो भन्न सकेन । धेरैले यसलाई थारु अधिकारको आन्दोलनको आवरणमा ढाकछोप गर्ने प्रयास गरे । कैलाली घटनाजस्तो मानव नरसंहारको समेत ˝राजनीतिक समाधान”को माग गरियो । आतंकबादको राजनीतिककरणको यो डरलाग्दो मागले नेपाली समाजलाई दीर्घकालसम्म सताईरहनेछ । Continue reading आतंकबादको बचाव जत्तिको प्रतिगामी कदम अरु हुनै सक्दैन

मान्छे जिउँदै जलाउने, दुई बर्षको बच्चालाई मार्ने आन्दोलन होईन, राजनीतिक विषय होईन, अक्षम्य अपराध हो: गगन थापा

समझदारी हुँदै गर्दा संघर्षको क्रममा भएका मानवताविरोधी जघन्य अपराधमा संलग्नन चाहे राज्यपक्षको होस चाहे विद्रोही\आन्दोलनकारी होस कसैले पनि उन्मुक्ति पाउनु हुँदैन । विगतमा हामीले समझदारी गर्‍यौं राम्रो गर्‍यौं तर मानवता विरुद्धका जघन्य अपराध गर्नेलाई माफि दियौं । गम्भिर गल्ति गर्‍यौं । जसको परिणाम हामी आज भोग्दै छौं

सिमाङ्कनको राजनीतिक हल खोज, अपराधिलाई दण्डित गर

संविधानसभाले संविधान वनाउन लागेको यो क्षणमा जननायक वी.पी. कोइरालाको संकल्पलाई समम्झिरहेको छु जसले ६८ बर्ष अगाडि वि.सं २००४ सालमा भन्नुभएको थियो-‘ जनताले ठाँउ ठाँउवाट आफ्ना प्रतिनिधिहरु चुनेर एउटा सभा खडा हुनेछ । यस सभाको काम विधान वनाउनु हुनेछ । जनताको इच्छा कुन तवरले शासनमा सर्वोपरि हुन्छ भन्ने त्यस सभाले निधो गर्नेछ र त्यस सभाकै निर्णय अनुसार शासनप्रणाली पनि निर्धारण हुनेछ ।’ आज हामी उहाँको यो सपनालाई साकार पार्दैछौं ।

संविधासभामा मस्यौदा समितवाट प्रस्तुत विधेयकलाई जस्ताको तस्तै संविधानमा अनुवाद गर्ने हो र नेपालभन्दा वाहिर रहेको संविधानको कुनै विद्यार्थीलाई अध्ययन गर भनेर दिने हो भने स्वभाविक रुपमा उसले यो लोकतान्त्रिक संविधान हो भन्ने निष्कर्ष निकाल्छ । तर जव स्वतन्त्रता, समानता र आम संचारमा भएको प्रतिवन्धात्मक बाक्यांश हेर्छ अनि उसको आफ्नै निष्कर्षमा प्रश्न गर्छ । त्यसैले यसलाई सच्याउनुपर्छ ।

धर्म, भाषाको सम्वन्धमा लेखिएका धारा पढ्छ, अनि आर्थिक, सामाजिक, सांस्कृतिक अधिकारका प्रावधानहरू जव पढ्छ, प्रत्येक नागरिकको प्रगति, प्रतिष्ठा र पहिचानको लागि समर्पित धाराहरू हेर्दै गर्दा निश्चय पनि भन्नेछ यो संविधनले नेपालको विविधतालाई सम्मिलन होईन संवोधन गरेको छ । तर जव दलित समुदाय, अपाङ्गता, महिला अनि अल्पसंख्यकहरूको पहुँच र प्रतिनिधित्वको व्यवस्थामा भएको अनुदारतालाइ पढ्छ अनि फेरी उसको निष्कर्षमा आफै प्रश्न उठाउँछ । त्यसैले यसलाई सच्याउनुपर्छ । Continue reading मान्छे जिउँदै जलाउने, दुई बर्षको बच्चालाई मार्ने आन्दोलन होईन, राजनीतिक विषय होईन, अक्षम्य अपराध हो: गगन थापा

Nepal’s Trade Deficit Continues to Widen

Nepal’s total trade deficit in fiscal year 2014-15 surpassed the total annual budget presented for the same fiscal year, reports Republica.

The trade deficit rose by 10.8 percent to a whopping Rs 689.36 billion in the fiscal year 2014-15 compared to total fiscal budget of Rs 618 billion, according to the central bank’s report titled Current Macroeconomic Situation.

“The trade deficit increased in 2014/15 due to the increase in imports but decrease in exports,” the report states. Export to India and China dropped by 6.3 percent and 21.5 percent, respectively. This decrease is mainly attributed to the decrease in the exports of wheat flour, handicraft goods, agarbatti, pashmina, among others.

Foreign Trade Balance of Nepal FY 2004-05 to 2013-14 (Source: Trade and Export Promotion Centre)

Posted by @siromanid

मान्छे मार्नु र मार्न लगाउनु जस्तो कायर काम अरु हुँदैन। किन पत्याउने त्यस्तो ब्यक्तिलाई?

कनकमणि दीक्षित

तथाकथित ‘जनयुद्ध’का शुत्रधार, राष्ट्रिय संरचना ध्वस्त पार्ने योजनाकार – ‘राष्ट्र पुनर्निर्माण’ को हाकिम बन्ने दौडधूपमा छन आजको दिन, देशी-बिदेशीको सहयोग जुराउँदै। नेपाली जनताको महा-अपहेलना ! झण्डै दुई दशक मुलुकलाई ‘डाईभर्जन’मा जाकेर सामजिक अग्रगमनमा भाँजो हाल्ने, रोजगारको संभावना ध्वस्त पारेर युवा बिदेशिने क्रमलाई बल दिने, संबिधान लेखनमा निरन्तर धावा बोल्ने, लोकतान्त्रिक राजनीती ध्वस्त पार्ने अभियानका नायक, द्वन्दकालको हत्यामा कारवाही हुन नदिने र पिडितको मनोभावनामा कुल्चने – उनै ब्यक्तिलाई ‘पोस्ट-माओबादी’ युगको Continue reading मान्छे मार्नु र मार्न लगाउनु जस्तो कायर काम अरु हुँदैन। किन पत्याउने त्यस्तो ब्यक्तिलाई?

Nepal Earthquake 2015: Damages and losses in the Water and Sanitation sector

Pragya Lamsal

Pragya Lamsal

10481582_10102185393510681_3431946467229818161_nOn Saturday, 25 April 2015 at 11:56 local time, a 7.6 magnitude earthquake as recorded by Nepal’s National Seismological Centre (NSC), struck Barpak, about 76 km northwest of Kathmandu. Government records said that there are over 8,790 casualties and 22,300 injuries. Further, the government has estimated that the lives of eight million people, almost one-third of the population of Nepal, have been impacted by these earthquakes.

National Planning Commission, an advisory body for formulating development plans and policies in Nepal, released Nepal Earthquake 2015: Post Disaster Needs Assessment Executive summary on Friday (June 19, 2015). Among others, the summary has calculated major damages and losses in Water and Sanitation sector.

It is estimated that the total value of disaster effects (damages and losses) in water and sanitation sector caused by the earthquakes is NPR 11,379 million (NPR 10,506 million of losses and NPR 873 million of damages)


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