Category Archives: American Diplomatic Cable

American Diplomatic Cable: American to Meet Maoist Baburam?

Yeah, that was back in 2003 when, we belive, Baburam hadn’t even dreamed of being the Prime Minister that he is today 🙂

2003-04-16 09:59
C O N F I D E N T I A L KATHMANDU 000691 

SIPDIS 

DEPARTMENT FOR SA/INS AND DS/IP/SA
LONDON FOR POL - GURNEY 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/15/2013
TAGS: PTER PREL NP
SUBJECT: NEPAL:  MAOISTS TO MEET EMBOFFS 

REF: A. (A) KATHMANDU 0677 

     śB. (B) STATE 90666
     śC. (C) STATE 74113
     śD. (D) KATHMANDU 0621 

Classified By: AMB. MICHAEL E. MALINOWSKI.  REASON:  1.5 (B,D). 

ś1.  (C)  Following Ref C guidance, on April 16 poloff
contacted known Maoist sympathizer Padma Ratna Tuladhar to
convey Embassy agreement to meet at the First Secretary level
with Maoist representatives.  Poloff advised Tuladhar that
the RSO will also participate in the meeting, which has been
tentatively scheduled for the afternoon of Friday, April 25,
at the Embassy.

Continue reading American Diplomatic Cable: American to Meet Maoist Baburam?

Advertisements

American Diplomatic Cable: A Turgid Maoist Letter to Americans That Baburam Bhattarai May Have Written

2002-05-07 13:14

UNCLAS KATHMANDU 000893

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SA/INS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PTER PGOV OVIP PREL NP
SUBJECT: MAOISTS SEND LETTER TO AMERICANS ON PM’S VISIT

¶1. Local media outlets received by e-mail the afternoon
of May 7 a letter from the International Department of
the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) addressed “To Our
Friends in America.” A copy of the letter has been
faxed to SA/INS. Continue reading American Diplomatic Cable: A Turgid Maoist Letter to Americans That Baburam Bhattarai May Have Written

American Diplomatic Cable: Nepal Army Took US Diplomats to Rolpa in 2002 to Show How it Was Fighting the Maoists

Details of that visit from the Americans

2002-04-22 11:22

S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 03 KATHMANDU 000787

SIPDIS

LONDON FOR POL/RIEDEL

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/21/2012
TAGS: PGOV PTER PREL PHUM ASEC NP
SUBJECT: INTO THE MAOIST HEARTLAND – COUNTERINSURGENCY BY
THE BOOK IN ROLPA DISTRICT

REF: KATHMANDU 377

Classified By: Amb. M.E. Malinowski, Reasons 1.5 (b), (d).

¶1. (S) Summary. Emboffs joined Royal Nepalese Army (RNA)
Western Division Commander on an inspection tour of newly
established garrisons in Rolpa district, considered the
Maoist heartland. The tour coincided with the deployment of
the PACOM assessment team to the Rolpa battalion
headquarters. Two RNA task forces have completed sweeps
through eastern and northern Rolpa, leaving joint Army, Armed
Police and civil police garrisons to restore security in the
major towns. This bold incursion, to be followed by similar
sweeps through adjacent Maoist districts represents the right
strategy, but operational and logistical challenges abound.
RNA operations suffer from a lack of good boots as well as a
shortage of manpower. Additional arms and ammunition would
not be effective without good boots, the RNA commander for
western Nepal insisted. Emboffs interviewed two captured
Maoist leaders who described the insurgents’ tactics. After
recent attacks in Dang, RNA efforts to respond were hindered
when the Maoists felled trees across the highways and set
fires to reduce visibility for helicopters. Although the
monsoon will have a negative effect on the RNA’s mobility,
the Maoists will face the same obstacles. Morale was high in
the garrisons, and the response from the citizenry positive. Continue reading American Diplomatic Cable: Nepal Army Took US Diplomats to Rolpa in 2002 to Show How it Was Fighting the Maoists

American Diplomatic Cable: Ambassador Moriarty Advocates for Increased American Assistance to Give Peace a Chance in Nepal

2006-05-19 11:35

Classified By: Ambassador James F. Moriarty, Reasons, 1.4 (b/d).

Summary and Introduction
————————

¶1. (C) I believe we have a four-six month window to use our
assistance to consolidate recent gains in democracy in Nepal.
While some argue that development and governance should take
a back seat to peace, I disagree. We need to help the
government show it is making a difference in people’s lives
by delivering services so that its success is not solely
measured on its ability to bring peace. Peace will depend
largely on Maoist intentions, and no one wants the Maoists to
have a veto over the new government’s success. We have a
limited window of opportunity and believe we should take a
two-pronged approach: build the capacity of important
government institutions, including the Peace Secretariat, the
Election Commission, Parliament and the National Human Rights
Commission, and deliver services on the ground, including by
focusing on rural infrastructure and providing employment.
We have e-mailed details on the suggestions discussed below.
This assistance, at a cost of twenty million USD plus, could
make a major difference in helping build a democratic,
well-governed state in Nepal. A significant increase in USG
assistance would also signal strong support to the new
government during this fragile transitional stage. Continue reading American Diplomatic Cable: Ambassador Moriarty Advocates for Increased American Assistance to Give Peace a Chance in Nepal

American Diplomatic Cable: Fear of Royal Coup when Nepal Was About to Limit King’s Power in 2006

2006-05-18 11:49

C O N F I D E N T I A L KATHMANDU 001267

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/18/2016
TAGS: PGOV PTER MASS NP
SUBJECT: POWER PLAY TO WATER DOWN PROCLAMATION FAILS

REF: A. KATHMANDU 1262

¶B. NEW DELHI 3433

Classified By: Ambassador James F. Moriarty, Reasons, 1.4 (b/d).

Summary
——-

¶1. (C) Just a few hours before the Prime Minister’s planned
May 18 3:00 pm proclamation to limit the King’s power and
place the army under civilian control, rumors swirled around
Kathmandu that the Army and the King were planning a
preemptive coup. The leaders of two of Nepal’s biggest
parties, Nepali Congress-Democratic (NC-D) and CPN-UML, told
us Indian Defense Minister Mukherjee had separately called
them May 17 to ask Parliament to go slowly in changing the
King’s role vis-a-vis the Army. Chief of Army Staff General
Thapa told the Ambassador that on the morning of May 18 he
had met with the Prime Minister and urged caution, saying he
was unsure of his troops’ reaction if the government appeared
to be acting vindictively toward the King. The Prime
Minister had rejected General Thapa’s request to postpone the
proclamation. At the end of the day, the PM withstood the
pressure and power play and issued the proclamation as
drafted – putting the King in a box and the army under the
new civilian government’s control (septel). End Summary. Continue reading American Diplomatic Cable: Fear of Royal Coup when Nepal Was About to Limit King’s Power in 2006

American Diplomatic Cable: A Meeting with Nepal Army Chief Pyar Jung Thapa

C O N F I D E N T I A L KATHMANDU 001504

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/12/2016
TAGS: PHUM PGOV PTER MASS NP
SUBJECT: CHIEF OF ARMY STAFF ON HUMAN RIGHTS; MAOISTS

REF: KATHMANDU 1376

Classified By: Charge d’Affaires Larry Schwartz, Reasons, 1.4 (b/d).

Charge Presses On Human Rights Improvements
——————————————–

¶1. (C) On June 12, the Charge d’Affaires, accompanied by
A/DCM and ODC Chief, met with Chief of Army Staff General
Pyar Jung Thapa to inform him of the USG decision to return
Captain Indiver Rana to Nepal from U.S-based training due to
our concerns that he was serving in a unit currently facing
serious human right abuse allegations. The Charge urged that
the Nepalese Army (NA) cooperate fully with the investigation
by the UN’s Nepal Office of the High Commissioner for Human
Rights (OHCHR) into the ill-treatment and disappearance of
detainees from the Maharajgunj barracks during
September-December 2003. The Charge stressed that the
decision to return Captain Rana signaled the seriousness with
which we viewed allegations of human rights abuses. Continue reading American Diplomatic Cable: A Meeting with Nepal Army Chief Pyar Jung Thapa

American Diplomatic Cable: Girija Prasad Koirala and American Ambassador Moriarty

2006-05-09

C O N F I D E N T I A L KATHMANDU 001195

SIPDIS

NOFORN
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/10/2016
TAGS: PGOV PTER PREL MASS PINR IN NP
SUBJECT: PRIME MINISTER KOIRALA ON THE WAY AHEAD

REF: A. KATHMANDU 1191

¶B. NEW DELHI 3048

Classified By: Ambassador James F. Moriarty, Reasons, 1.4 (b/d).

Summary
——-

¶1. (C) Prime Minister Koirala appealed May 10 to the
Ambassador for assistance in gaining Indian support for a
third party witness for negotiations with the Maoists and for
international monitors of the cease-fire. Koirala liked the
suggestion of having two witnesses – perhaps an Indian and an
outsider – to be able to observe the negotiations, suggesting
that it be done under a UN rubric. He also suggested
expanding the mandate of the UN Office of the High
Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) so the UN could act as
an umbrella organization for the cease-fire. Koirala
expected the seven parties to finish their wrangling and
finalize a Cabinet by May 11. The Nepali Congress would lead
the Government of Nepal’s (GON) negotiating team, which would
then report back to a caucus of the seven-party alliance. He
requested that U.S. continue to hold off any security
assistance until the military was definitively brought under
civilian control. End Summary. Continue reading American Diplomatic Cable: Girija Prasad Koirala and American Ambassador Moriarty

US Diplomatic Cable: Nepal Army Chiefs Discuss Role of the Army and Countering the Insurgency

Created: 2002-03-11 13:23

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 KATHMANDU 000510

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SA/INS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/10/2012
TAGS: MCAP NP PGOV MASS
SUBJECT: NEPAL ARMY CHIEFS DISCUSS ROLE OF THE ARMY AND
COUNTERING THE INSURGENCY

REF: KATHMANDU 379

Classified By: A/DCM HOZA. REASON: 1.5 (B, D).

– – – – – – – – –
SUMMARY:
– – – – – – – – – –

¶1. (C) RNA Chief General Rana and his deputy, Lt. General
Thapa, went out of their way to underline their support for
democracy at a February 28 dinner with emboffs. Rana stated
unequivocally that a coup by the RNA was “out of the
question.” According to Rana, the RNA’s role is to quell
the Maoist insurgencuy, to restore public confidence in the
GON’s ability to provide security to its people, and to give
the GON an opportunity to address widespread poverty and
promote development. His deputy, Lt. General Thapa, was
surprisingly optimistic in the wake of the debacle at
Mangalsen (Reftel A). Thapa stated that the transition from
a “ceremonial and peacekeeping” military to a
counter-insurgency force would take time and that hard
lessons would be learned. He noted that the RNA had enjoyed
several significant successes in the immediate aftermath of
the Mangalsen attack, particularly through the use of
helicopters. Thapa stated that the RNA believes there is a
growing split between the political and military leadership
of the Maoists, and that the symptoms of that split include
greater violence and intimidation of civilians. While
optimistic, Thapa made it clear that significant assistance
from “Nepal’s friends” would be necessary. Continue reading US Diplomatic Cable: Nepal Army Chiefs Discuss Role of the Army and Countering the Insurgency