UN Says Nepali Peace Process Has More Challenges Ahead

The Constituent Assembly has faced repeated delays in drafting the new constitution. The delays have led to growing public speculation and concern that the May 2010 promulgation deadline will not be met.

Report of the UN Secretary-General on the request of Nepal for United Nations assistance in support of its peace process

I. Introduction

1. The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1879 (2009), by which the Council, following the request of the Government of Nepal and the recommendation of the Secretary-General, renewed the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) until 23 January 2010. UNMIN was established as a special political mission in 2007, with a mandate which included monitoring of the management of arms and armed personnel of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN-M) and the Nepal Army. Following its merger with the Communist Party of Nepal-Unity Centre (Masal) on 13 January 2009, CPN-M was renamed the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M). Continue reading UN Says Nepali Peace Process Has More Challenges Ahead


A Maoist Agricultural Center In Nepal

By Neil Horning

On the way to Chorkate, Gorkha, about a 3 hour bus ride from the district headquarters, a conspicuous facility covered with red flags is noticeable by the roadside.

Nammuna Agricultural Center is run by the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) as an agricultural cooperative, intended to teach agricultural skills and collective farming to locals and serve as a model for similar facilities nation wide. Dr. Baburam Bhattarai’s childhood village overlooks the center.

The cooperative raises buffalo and pigs, farms fish and grows rice and vegetables. According to members, Sarmila Bagle and Hari Khanal, 20-30 Maoist cadres work in the center, with locals (paid 100-400 Rupees or about $1.50 to $6.00 a day) comprising an additional half of the workforce. Gender balance rests at 50%. Cooking is done on a rotational basis involving both men and women, and decisions are made through semi-regular meetings of the members.
Agricultural cooperatives are the first step in a Maoist development strategy known as collectivization, in where the manpower from individual plots is pooled to increase efficiency of production. In China, first land titles were distributed to peasants as part of a land reform process. Next, peasants with individual plots were encouraged to voluntarily join agricultural cooperatives which were later combined into massive communes. The initial stages of this plan met with measured success, while the later stages during the great leap forward have been blamed for massive famines and are the subject of much controversy. Continue reading A Maoist Agricultural Center In Nepal

China and India: Our Neighbors

A recent headline in a Hindi newspaper about alleged Chinese incursion into India (“Chini sena ne hamare logon ko peeta” or “Chinese soldiers beat our people”) reminded me of many similar Nepali headlines (Indian BSF, Border Security Force, men thrash Nepali youth).

Sunset somewhere in Jharkhand or in Uttar Pradesh of India
Somewhere in Jharkhand or Uttar Pradesh, India

by Dinesh Wagle
Wagle Street Journal

In a train to New Delhi from Ranchi, the capital of the improvised Indian state of Jharkhand, a week ago I met a man who was working with Indian farmers to increase productivity in their fields. His job was to sell hybrid seeds to farmers. Though he appeared to have possessed sound knowledge about the plights of Indian farmers, I sensed he didn’t care much about big events at the international stage that were not exactly related to the hybridization in agriculture. I was wrong. When I told him I was from Nepal, the second question he asked in a genuinely concerned manner was this: “Eh China log udhar kya kar raha hey?” [What are these Chinese people doing there?] Then he went on in detail as to why growing Chinese presence in Nepal was terribly bad for India, his country. Continue reading China and India: Our Neighbors