Tag Archives: government

A Maoist Attempt of Merging the Judiciary into the Executive

Appointment of the SC Chief Justice as the Prime Minister will be Supreme injustice to the people of Nepal.

Political parties in democracy can, of course, be good or bad but most certainly without a capable leadership of political parties, the democratic system will never be anything but bad. -tweaked version of Albert Camus’s quote on free press

By Siromani Dhungana
UWB

On January 30, before the Maoists proposed appointing incumbent Supreme Court Chief Justice as Prime Minister, I had written in in this blog: “Democracy in Nepal is on the verge of collapse. Most of the indicators of democracy are either dismantled or dead. The basic notion of democracy- ‘check and balance’- has been destroyed and now there is only the check of the communist-led government.”

Unfortunately, the Maoists have proved me right yet again with their flabbergasting proposal. You don’t have to be a political scientist to know what the Maoists are trying to do is completely against the basic notion of democracy, that is, the check and balance. And, incompetent and shortsighted opposition parties are once again going to be fooled by the UCPN Maoist. And that will cost Nepal’s fledgling democracy dearly.

The propose of appointing incumbent chief justice as the Prime Minister of the country has apparently showed that the largest political party of Nepal is trying to ruin the basis democratic concept ‘check and balance’ among major state organs — judiciary, executive and legislature.

If materialized, the Maoist proposal will not only ruin completely the independence of judiciary but also jeopardize the entire justice system of Nepal. On the other hand, it will also help undermine the importance of political parties in Nepal which will have repercussion in the long run.

It is for sure that the Maoists want to resume their war-time ‘kangaroo courts’ which they operated in villages in a direct challenge to the existing judicial system. Even after ending armed conflict in 2006, the party had floated the idea of reviving ‘kangaroo courts’ in 2007 in an effort to step up pressure against the then interim government headed by NC leader Girija Prasad Koirala.

The Maoists never believed in current judicial system in Nepal. They have constantly argued that this is the one State organ that still represents that feudal, old Nepal. They have constantly flouted Supreme Court decisions. Their senior leaders, including the PM, have every now and then spoken against the judicial system and courts in general. They think, after controlling executive and having had largest number of seats in legislature parliament (dissolved in May 2012), the judiciary is the last  bastion that still remained out of their sphere of influence. The fact that the Maoists couldn’t win notable number of seats in the recently held elections of national committee of Nepal Bar Association despite fighting polls against democratic candidates in partnership with the UML-supported lawyers shows their poor presence in judicial sector.

And now, suddenly, they have this new-found trust in judiciary! Doesn’t sound plausible at all. Those who have been criticizing and flouting judicial decisions are now suddenly seeing ‘most independent and trustworthy’ person in the head of the same judiciary.

And at a time when the SC is already stretched- and is functioning with only around half of dozen judges and can’t fulfill vacant positions because there doesn’t exist a mechanism in the absence of parliament.

And at a time when the SC has issued quite a few orders staying or stopping several controversial decisions of the Maoist-led government including in the case of Dekendra Thapa. Continue reading

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Cooking Gas Price Hike: Maoists Take People for a Ride

It seems ‘people’ is one of the most sellable words for Nepali communists. So what about war? Nothing more than a business strategy for the hammer and sickle lovers. ‘Proletariat‘ are their clients whom they can easily sell their product, that is, ‘false hope of prosperity’. Activities of UCPN (Maoist) in Nepal are glaring evidences.

By Siromani Dhungana
UWB

In yet another controversial decision, the Maoist-led government has decided to jack up price of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) by Rs 630 on a cylinder which will certainly hit the consumers’ lifestyle who already has been facing rampant inflation.

I do not mean that the government should not hike the price of LPG. But, my point here is the price hike by Rs 630 at once this time is irrational and illogical. It is to mention here that the government has apparently failed to rein state-owned fuel supplier Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) and has put consumers at the receiving end to mask failure of corrupt government officials and NOC management. Continue reading

We Have a Government That Behaves Like the Opposition

The question in political landscape at present is what happens when ruling parties adhere to ‘hate speech’? Are our ruling parties indulging in ‘black propaganda’? Or they lost their conscience to be a responsible government? Many have started to realize that this government does not represent sentiment of people. This is not the government of Nepali national character. Rather, this is the government of Maoists and some Madhesis who, rather than representing the people, are solely focused on making money, amassing resources from the national coffer.

By Siromani Dhungana
UWB

In a bizarre demonstration of a weird political culture, leaders from the ruling parties have been behaving and speaking like the opposition parties.

In a joint gathering of the Federal Democratic Republican Alliance (FDRA), leaders from ruling UCPN (Maoist) and its political allies Madhesh-based parties blamed opposition Nepali Congress and CPN-UML for being stumbling block to the peace process. They, however, did not reveal what the government has been doing in a concrete manner to forge consensus.

As polarization among political parties increases sharply, UCPN (Maoist) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal on Wednesday warned that the Nepali Congress (NC) will be “annihilated” if it fails to keep up with the “aspirations of the people,” reports The Kathmandu Post.

According to media reports, leaders of political parties warned opposition parties to finish or to be finished. Media coverage regarding FDRA’s mass gathering does not suggest that ruling parties are in a mood to forge consensus.

It is shameful that political parties who have been ruling the country for 18 months are trying feign ignorance about the current political deadlock. Is this game of hurling blames by the ruling parties justifiable? Are they the ‘clean flocks’ as they claim to be?

In democracy, ruling parties should show their democratic commitment and magnanimity to take opposition into confidence. But recent statements from leaders of ruling parties show that they want to play the role of opposition as well. Principally, ruling parties should take all opinions into consideration to make their decision a truly national decision. The government should have capacity to listen peoples’ discontent and dissatisfaction. The government should also listen to voices of opposition parties raised peacefully.

However, all these expectations have been a far cry for Nepali citizens.

Populist Government’s Bumper Offer to Media Houses

Populist Prime Minister Dr Baburam Bhattarai has now tried to lured media fraternity by offering, what media report suggests, ‘unnatural facilities’.

By Siromani Dhungana
UWB

If you can’t beat them, join them. Or, bribe them. If it turns out to be true, the Baburam Bhattarai-led government’s attempt to appease the media sector only exposes the real character of an ultra-leftist government. It will be a kind of bribe but with completing legal formalities.

Following sharp criticism for what it has been doing, the government has tried to appease media outlets by providing lucrative facilities. The government which, according to its own word, is committed to welfare of people has shifted its priority and started to appease different sectors which ruling UCPN (Maoist) used to brand as “agents of feudalism and expansionist forces.”

A 10-point incentive package has been forwarded to the Social Committee of the Cabinet and is likely to be okayed by the Cabinet this week, Prakash Acharya quotes an unnamed sources at the Office of Prime Minister as saying in The Himalayan Times. Continue reading

Ruling Parties Want Govt to be Strong [Against Maoists]

Leaders of 22 political parties of the ruling alliance (some are in the govt while others have supported it from outside) met today at the official residence of the Prime Minister to discuss the planned general strike of the Maoist from tomorrow. According to the Chief advisor of the PM, the meeting passed a four-point resolution that asks Maoists to call back the general strike scheduled from tomorrow. The meeting also asked the former rebels have adhere to democratic principles while voicing their concerns and refrain from applying violent tactics to mobilize people. “Despite the constitutional and consensus-based options available to form or dissolve the government [the Maoists] have declared to bring down the government from the street which is against the democratic system and democratic norms,” says first point of the resolution adopted by the meeting.”…It would be inappropriate to bow in front of such haughtiness. It is our duty to protect the progressive agreements signed in the past, interim constitution, democracy and the achievements of people’s movement. We will not compromise with anyone against these issues.” The meeting also requested the government to ensure the safety of the public. The meeting requested the public to oppose the Maoist highhandedness.

The following is the full text of the decision of 22 political parties in Nepali.

बाइस दलको निर्णयको पूर्ण पाठ

प्रधानमन्त्री माधवकुमार नेपालको अध्यक्षतामा आज उहाकै निवास बालुवाटारमा सरकारमा सहभागी तथा सरकारलाई समर्थन गर्ने दलहरुको बैठक बस्यो। बैठकमा एकीकृत नेकपा (माओवादी) द्वारा घोषणा गरिएको आमहड्तालले उत्पन्न गरेको परिस्थितिलगायतका विषयमा व्यापक छलफल भएको थियो। बैठकले छलफलपछि निम्न चार बुँदे प्रस्ताव पारित गरेको छ : Continue reading

Madhav Kumar Nepal Set to Become Prime Minister of Nepal

madhav kumar nepal
Madhav Kumar Nepal, veteran communist leader of the Himalayan republic who have been tipped to be the prime minister of Nepal several times in the past and lost from both constituencies in the April 2008 CA elections, is finally set to become the third Communist prime minister of Nepal.

The leader of the moderate Communist Party of Nepal United Marxist and Leninist (CPN UML) who resigned from the post of party General Secretary owing moral responsibilities to his party’s disastrous performance in the CA polls, have already been the deputy prime minister in the cabinet of Manmonah Adhikari, the first elected communist prime minister of Nepal, in 1994 for nine months. He is considered the moderate and inclusive leader in the communist party that, unlike the Maoists, have been taking part in parliamentary democratic elections ever since democracy was restored in 1990. He is criticized as a leader who sometime becomes indecisive and can’t take any firm stands on hard issues.

After the country plunged into political uncertainty with the abrupt resignation of Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal on May 4 the process of forming a non-Maoist government had started in the primary initation of opposition Nepali Congress. The hectic deliberations and possibly some amount of horsetrading finally appeared to have ended today (Sunday) when the CPN UML submitted the signatures of 350 lawmakers (out of 601 CA members) to the CA chairman to open up the way to form the new government. Madhav Kumar Nepal has been backed by 22 different parties representing in the CA including the second largest Nepali Congress. Continue reading

Policies and Programmes of a Maoist Led Govt

It’s a nice essay but nothing substantial, said chief opposition party NC’s leader Sher Bahadur deuba about the government’s program and policies document.
……………………………………………….

With an aim to take the peace process to a logical end, the Maoist-led government today publicized its policies and programmes. Brining out new constitution on time (within two years) is hight on the list of commitments. President Ram Baran Yadav read out the policies and programmes for the fiscal year 2065/66 at the Constituent Assembly (CA). The 84-point document promises to write the statute in coordination with all political parties within the specified time. “The government’s principal responsibility is to assist in taking the peace process to a logical end, turning the socio-economic transformation towards a progressive direction and writing the federal democratic constitution, as per the people’s aspirations, within specified time,” said the document. Continue reading

Is New Nepal Heading Toward [Maoist] People’s Republic?

By Conflict Study Center

On August 21, 2008, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), CPN (UML) and Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (MJF) agreed on the Common Minimum Program (CMP), Code of Conduct (CoC), Modus Operandi of the Government (MOG) and the formation of a Political Coordination Committee (PCC). The documents were signed by Prime Minister and President of the CPN (Maoist) Puspa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda), UML General Secretary Jhala Nath Khanal, and Forum chair Upendra Yadav.

The 50-point CMP is divided into: (i) Nationalism, (ii) Federal Democratic Republic, (iii) Peace and Security, (iv) Relief and Reconstruction, and (v) Socio-Economic Transformation. The excerpts of CPMs are:

(i) Nationalism concerning to unity and promotion

• Nepal’s sovereignty, national unity, independence and integrity shall be preserved, giving national importance to self-respect.
• National security, foreign policy, utilization of water resources, and mobilization of foreign assistance shall be based on Nepal’s sovereignty, independence, and welfare. Unequal treaties and agreements shall be reviewed.
• The foreign policy regarding neighbors shall be based on national interest, the UN Charter, non-alignment and the theory of Panchasheel.
• Financial assistance shall be taken from friendly forces, the UN and donor communities in the course of Nepal’s economic and livelihood development.
• National integrity and balance foreign policy shall be mobilized to internationalize and resolve the Bhutanese refugee situation. Continue reading

Nepali Congress Preconditions

NC and UML have set preconditions for their support to a Maoist-led future government

Central committee meetings of the second and third largest political parties in the newly constituted Constituent Assembly took the decision yesterday after days of deliberation on whether to join a Maoist-led coalition or remain outside.

The preconditions:

>Dissolution of the Maoist people’s army, people’s courts and people’s government- as per the agreement that the Maoists have already entered into but have always ignored in practice.
>Dissolution of the semi-military structure of the Young Communist League.
>A time-bound plan to integrate the Maoist army and dispose of or surrender their weapons to the state.
>Maoists return the property looted or captured by them.
>Rehabilitate displaced people and stop intimidation, threats and extortion.
>Amend the constitution before the CA meeting (for implementing the republic through its first meeting and have provision to remove the PM by a simple majority.) Continue reading

Nepal Update: Today's Political Developments

For the record:
Maoists ask UML to reconsider pull-out from govt: A day after the CPN-UML, humiliated in the April 10 polls, pulled out of the government citing that the mandate was against them staying in the government, CPN Maoist chairman Prachanda met the UML’s Madhav Kumar Nepal, who resigned from the General Secretary after the defeat, at the latter’s residence in Koteshwor today. During the half-an-hour long meeting Prachanda is learnt to have requested Nepal to join the new Maoist-led government to be formed soon. Following Prachanda’s request, Nepal said that the decision comes from the meeting of UML Standing Committee (politburo) adding the UML is committed to the seven-party unity. Continue reading