Category Archives: Nepal in Transition

मान्छे मार्नु र मार्न लगाउनु जस्तो कायर काम अरु हुँदैन। किन पत्याउने त्यस्तो ब्यक्तिलाई?

कनकमणि दीक्षित

तथाकथित ‘जनयुद्ध’का शुत्रधार, राष्ट्रिय संरचना ध्वस्त पार्ने योजनाकार – ‘राष्ट्र पुनर्निर्माण’ को हाकिम बन्ने दौडधूपमा छन आजको दिन, देशी-बिदेशीको सहयोग जुराउँदै। नेपाली जनताको महा-अपहेलना ! झण्डै दुई दशक मुलुकलाई ‘डाईभर्जन’मा जाकेर सामजिक अग्रगमनमा भाँजो हाल्ने, रोजगारको संभावना ध्वस्त पारेर युवा बिदेशिने क्रमलाई बल दिने, संबिधान लेखनमा निरन्तर धावा बोल्ने, लोकतान्त्रिक राजनीती ध्वस्त पार्ने अभियानका नायक, द्वन्दकालको हत्यामा कारवाही हुन नदिने र पिडितको मनोभावनामा कुल्चने – उनै ब्यक्तिलाई ‘पोस्ट-माओबादी’ युगको Continue reading

“अग्रगमनको सिरक ओढ्ने प्रतिगामी”

 प्रविधि र ज्ञानको विश्वव्यापीकरणले गर्दा अब २०१७ वा २०५२ मा गरिएका कुतर्क र हो-कि हो-कि जस्तो भान पार्ने भ्रामक गफ र आस्वासन, विषयको सार होइन व्यक्तिको नियत, तुच्छ गाली र ad hominem आक्रमणको बलमा गरिने राजनीति अब सकियो ।

डा स्वर्णिम वाग्ले

Dr Swarnim Wagle

हिजो (माघ ६, २०७१) हिंडेर सीतापाईलाबाट त्रिपुरेश्वरसम्म र त्यसपछि प्रहरीको गाडीमा संविधानसभाको बैठक हेर्न बानेश्वर गइयो । दर्शक दीर्घामा पत्रकारबाहेक अरु देखिएनन्, माथिबाट डेढघण्टाजति नाराबाजीगर्नेहरुको अनुहार एक्लै नियालें । त्यसपछि मलाई लागेका केही कुरा :

१. कराउँदै संसदनै कब्जा गरेजस्तो देखिँदा पनि माओवादीहरु हतास थिए, अवकाशको संघारमा उभिएको सेनाको असफल जर्नेल जस्तै ।खित-खित हाँसोका बीच गरिएको विरोधमा कुनै sincerity को छनक थिएन ।


“उत्पीडित जनता त भजाई खाने भाँडो वा सत्ता उक्लने भर्यांग भएको कुरो उनीहरुको अन्तर्मनमा थियो होलानै, अब यसको “सुइँको” बाँकी दुनियालाई पनि छ भन्ने कुरा थाहा भएर होला सायद हो-हल्लाको कर्मकाण्डमा कुनै नैतिक दम देखिएन ।”


उत्पीडित जनता त भजाई खाने भाँडो वा सत्ता उक्लने भर्यांग भएको कुरो उनीहरुको अन्तर्मनमा थियो होलानै, अब यसको “सुइँको” बाँकी दुनियालाई पनि छ भन्ने कुरा थाहा भएर होला सायद हो-हल्लाको कर्मकाण्डमा कुनै नैतिक दम देखिएन । त्यत्रो पद ओगटीसकेका प्रचण्डको टिठलाग्दो उपस्थिति र अस्तिदेखिनै उद्दण्ड देखिईरहेका जनार्दन शर्माको प्रस्तुति बिझ्ने खालका थिए।

२. सभामुख र मर्यादापालकहरु असाध्यै शालीन, बुढा कांग्रेसीहरु भद्र। एमाले पनि उस्तै संयमित – आज सुरेन्द्र पाण्डेले त भने रे हामीपनि एकताका यस्तै उग्र थियौं तर अहिले सुध्रेम ।लोकतन्त्रमा धैर्य र परिपक्वताले फल दिदोरैछ ।

३. यो नाटकको उत्कर्सबारे कांग्रेस-एमाले पूर्ण परिचित भएजस्तो गरेपनि, उनीहरुले जोर-जबरजस्ती नगरुन् । माघ ८ को मिति जाने भैगो, अब एक-दुइ हप्ता राप सेलाएपछि संविधानकालागि “बृहत सहमति” को प्रयास जारी रहोस, नयाँ वर्ष वा जेठ १५ लाई अन्तिम मौका ठानी । तर ठुलो जनमतलाई पनि साथ लानु पर्छ — हरेक मुद्दामाथि आफ्नो तर्क र logic खुलारूपले राखुन् । माओवादीहरू पतनोन्मुख भए भन्दैमा लोकतन्त्रवादीहरु गैर-जिम्मेवार हुनहुन्न — विगतको पीडा सम्झदा रीस उठ्दोहो, तर त्यसलाई schadenfreude मै सीमित राखून् ।

४. नेपाली जनता धेरैनै शिक्षित र सु-सुचित भैसके । प्रविधि र ज्ञानको विश्वव्यापीकरणले गर्दा अब २०१७ वा २०५२ मा गरिएका कुतर्क र हो-कि हो-कि जस्तो भान पार्ने भ्रामक गफ र आस्वासन, विषयको सार होइन व्यक्तिको नियत, तुच्छ गाली र ad hominem आक्रमणको बलमा गरिने राजनीति अब सकियो । धेरैनै आशा गरिएका तर चाडैं विश्वसनीयता गुमाएका केही क्रान्तिकारी ठुला नेताहरु यसका प्रमाण हुन् । नपत्याए एक पटक पढे-लेखेकाहरु चर्न निस्कने social media मा आँखा जाओस – जनमतलाई प्रभाव पार्ने तिनै १० प्रतिशत सुकिला-मुकिलानै हुन् | ठुलो सामाजिक मूल्यमै सही, माओवादीले ग्रामीण चेतना र हक-अधिकारको विस्तार गरे बापत इतिहासमा सधन्यबाद यथोचीत स्थान पाउनेनैछन्, तर अब बोक्नुपर्ने सम्वृद्धिको agenda मा माओवादीहरू अग्रगमनको सिरक ओढ्ने प्रतिगामीनै हुन् भन्ने धेरैको ठहर छ । “प्रतिगामी” सस्तो गालीको रूपमा हैनकि साच्चैनै उल्टो बाटो हिंड्ने अर्थमा । Median voter नै निम्न-मध्य आय आर्जने व्यक्ति र वर्ग भएको मुलुकमा सबै दल समाजमुखी र परोपकारी हुन अनिवार्य छ : सच्चा प्रगतिको मापन त अब राष्ट्रिय wealth create गर्ने र त्यसको न्यायोचित बांडफांड गर्ने/गराउने सवालमा कसको मार्ग-चित्र दह्रो छ भन्नेनै मूल प्रश्न हो । राष्ट्रिय चुनौती र विश्व अवसरहरु ख्याल गरी नेपाललाई कसरी चाडैं धनी बनाउने भन्ने हो । यो अभुतपूर्व कसरतमा उग्र-वामपन्थी सोच र कार्यशैली सहायक नहोला ।

५. नेपालमा तीनवटा ठुला राष्ट्रिय पार्टीहरूको लागी space देखिन्छ | यसमा कांग्रेस-एमाले र एउटा लोकतान्त्रिक त्तेस्रो शक्ति अटाउनेछन् । साना-मसिना जातीय वा क्षेत्रीय दल-रूपी पसलहरू त चल्दै गर्लान् । तर आजैदेखि अर्को चुनावलाई कसरी १००% स्वच्छ र निस्पक्ष्य बनाउने हो भन्नेतिर लागौं – आधुनिक प्रविधिमा आधारित राष्ट्रिय परिचयपत्र, विधुतीय भोटिंग मसीन लगायत अन्य विश्वसनीय माध्यमलाई पूर्णत लागु गरौँ । चुनावमा पैसाको प्रभाव र धाँधली कसरी कम गर्ने र पछि बल्झने gerrymandering को संभावनालाई पनि रोक्ने उपाय एवं अन्य बिकृतिहरु हटाइ कस्ता incentives हरूले राजनीतिलाई सफा बनाउला भन्नेबारे गृह-कार्य थालौं । तत्पश्चात अझ धेरै दक्ष युवा पिंढी राजनीतिमा पक्कै आउनेछ भन्ने आशा गर्न सकिन्छ ।

(This article was originally posted as facebook status by Dr Swarnim Waglé. We have reproduced here with his permission.)

आखिर, यो एकदमै सानो काठमाडौँ तलाउमा को सँग के मात्र भनेर झगडा गर्दै बसिरहने?

आखिर, यो एकदमै सानो KTM तलाउमा को सँग के मात्र भनेर झगडा गर्दै बसिरहने? मान्छे चिने पुगि हाल्यो — त्यसपछि हात हल्लायो, नमस्ते भन्यो, त्यै त हो नि, यहाँ को चलन, हैन र?
आशुतोष तिवारी
म हिमाल मिडियामा सिइयो भएर काम गर्दा (२००८) तिर त्यस बेला एक ताका त्यहाँ तैनाथ मजदुर सँगठन सँग खुबै मिटिंग र निगोसिएसन गर्नु पर्थ्यो। झण्डै हरेक हप्ता जस्तै — लामो, लामो मिटिंग, कहिले त राति १२ बजे, बिहान १ बजे मात्र सकिने मिटिंग। महिनौ लम्बिन्थे युनियनसँगका ति मिटिंगहरु।
के गरिएन ति मिटिंगहरुमा समस्या सुल्झाउन?आफुले जानेका ब्याट्ना, गेम थ्योरी, हाँस्ने-हँसाउने, हिसाब-किताब खुल्लम-खुल्ला देखाउने, कम्पनीमा सबैको भविष्य के गर्दा राम्रो हुन्छ भनि बुझ्ने-बुझाउने, कानुन का कुरा, पछि Sun Tzu को आर्ट अफ वार — सबै बिधि कानुनत: चलाइयो — र कालान्तरमा (by Feb 2009) सबै को सहयोग बाट काम सफल पनि भयो।
त्यो बेलाका युनियन, नन-युनियन प्राय: सबै साथी हरु सँग मेरो अझै पनि राम्रो सम्पर्क नै छ।

तर त्यो tension-filled crisis र high adrenaline को बेला मैले के देखे भने:
साँघु साप्ताहिक मा चाँहि मैले नै सम्भालेकै कम्पनि को बारेमा झुठा-झुठा समाचार आएको छ, आएको छ, लगातार, एक पछि अर्को, मेरो र म सँग त्यसबेला कार्यरत् केहि सहकर्मि हरुको बिरुद्ध मा, हामीहरुलाइ घरि-घरि बेकम्मा र खत्तम र झुर मान्छे बनाएर र देखाएर।फेरि कम्पनि मा कोहि-कोहि चाँहि मच्चि-मच्चिकन “सर्, आजको साँघु साप्ताहिक मा त यस्तो आएछ नि, है, गएको हप्ता उस्तो आएको थियो नि, है – हा, हा हा” गर्थे, खुबै मजा लिएर, आनन्द लुटेर।

मानौ, जसरि हुन्छ, हाम्रो मनोबल गिराउनु नै कसै-कसैलाइ ‘साँघु साप्ताहिक” मनपरि छाप्न- छपाउन दिएर नै के के न ठुलै काम गर्या जस्तो हुन्थ्यो।

शुरुमा त मलाइ “यो साँघु भन्ने के ताल को पत्रिका होला — जसले जे फन्टुस कुरा दिएपनि सन्कि सन्कि छाप्दो रहेछ, सत्यता स‍ँग त यसको मतलब नै रहेनछ, खालि मान्छेलाइ खसाल्यो, हा – हा, गर्यो यसलाई” जस्तो लाग्थ्यो।
तर जे होश, रिस जति उठे पनि, जे पनि मनपरि छापिदिने साप्ताहिक सँग झगडा गरेर आफ्नो इनर्जि र समय खर्च गर्नु भन्दा ट्रेड-अफ को रुपमा कम्पनि कै भलाइ (टर्न-अराउण्ड) मा म as the सिइयो लाग्नु पर्छ भनेर म चुपचाप आफ्नो काम गरिरहन्थे, भलै कसै-कसैको आँखामा साँघुले हियाएर कमजोर नै बनिएको जस्तो देखिएता पनि।
आखिर एउटा ठुलो युद्ध एकाग्र भएर जित्ने नै हो भने आएका स-साना र tangential लडाइँ हरु मा पनि त्यत्तिकै इनर्जि खर्च गर्नु हुँदैन — लडाइँ बरु ‘हारेर’ पनि युद्ध नै जित्नु दिर्घकालिन सफलता को एउटा शुत्र नै रहेछ।
तर पत्रिकामा आफ्नो बारेमा तथानाम गालि र झुठो कुरा आएपछि, सहन सक्ने शक्ति सबै मा हुँदैन। साँघुमा जथाभाबि खबर छापिएको दुइ-तिन दिन सम्म त मेरो समय आघात र घायल भएका एकदमै काम गर्ने त्यसबेलाका मेरा सहकर्मिहरुको गिरेको मनोबल नै उच्च पार्न मै जान्थ्यो।

के भन्ने?
Fast forward to Nov 2009:
No surprise: साँघु को हाम्रो बारेमा आएका झुठो समाचार हरु झुठै भइरहे। पछि कसले चाँहि हाम्रो बारेमा मनपरि कुरा छाप्न लगाएको रहेछ, मैले थाहा पाएँ र म कुनै तालले छक्क परिन — र तिनलाइ केहि भनिन।
आखिर नेपालमा कामै गर्ने हो भने खुराफाति गर्ने हरुको पछि लागेर केहि हुन्न, गरि रहुन, खाइरहुन — किनकि समयले नै देखाउँने नै रहेछ, को कति पानी मा थियो र छ भनेर।
Anyway, उता हिमाल मिडिया मा चाँहि सबैको सहयोग पाएर मलाइ दिेइएको काम राम्रै सँग सकाएर त्यसपछि हिमाल मिडिया को हितैषि नै रहि म ‘वाटर एड’ चलाउन तिर लागे।
तैपनि कुनै पनि बेला, यतिका बर्षमा, कहिले पनि मैले साँघु का सम्पादक गोपाल जि लाइ सोधिन — “तपाई ले किन यस्तो अक्षरको गोडमेलको नाममा झुठको खेति (पनि) गर्नु हुन्छ र के पाउनु हुन्छ त्यस्तो अरुलाइ बिन िसत्तिमा दुख र आघात दिने खेति बाट?” भनेर
तर हरेक बर्ष CIAA ले नबिराइकन वहाँलाइ (मात्र) दिने ‘CIAA पत्रकारिता पुरस्कार’ जसको घोषणा वहाँले “यो बर्ष पनि साँघु ले खत्रा पत्रकारिता को लागि फेरि पायो yay!” भन्ने आशयका साथ फेसबुकमा गर्नु हुन्छ, एउटा समान्य पाठकको हैशियतले म फिसिक्क हाँस्छु र एउटा लाइक भनेर औलाको डिजिटल चित्र कोर्छु
आखिर, यो एकदमै सानो KTM तलाउमा को सँग के मात्र भनेर झगडा गर्दै बसिरहने? मान्छे चिने पुगि हाल्यो — त्यसपछि हात हल्लायो, नमस्ते भन्यो, त्यै त हो नि, यहाँ को चलन, हैन र?
आशा छ, गोपाल जि जस्तो CIAA-सम्मानित सम्पादकले यो पाठक को यि कुरा हरु लाइ मनन् गरि पुलिट्जर वा सो सरह का पुरस्कार का लागि आफ्नो पत्रिका लाइ भेरिफाइ गर्ने सकिने समाचार नै छाप्ने बनाउन नै दिलो-ज्यान ले लाग्नु हुन्छ — यसमा मेरो सानो शुभकामना!
(This article was originally posted as facebook status by Ashutosh Tiwari. We have reproduced here with his permission.)

Nepal: Elections, Voters and the Economy

Nepalis Are Not Dumb. They Voted Parties with Best Economic Policies for Nepal

By Siromani Dhungana/UWB

“An empty stomach is not a good political adviser”- Albert Einstein

The Constituent Assembly election is over now but its impact will remain until the next election. People have expressed their aspirations and exercised their power during this election so as to set the progressive course for issues that matter them the most. After humiliating defeat of left-extremism, there is hue and cry among so-called progressive analysts who think the country still needs extremist agendas to dominate Nepali life and influence policies. Supporters of left-extremism (aka ethnic federalism) are trying their best to interpret the result as voters’ revenge against Maoists but not their approval of stands taken by the Nepali Congress and the UML on federalism (multiple identity). In this article, I am not going after the ethnic extremists’ lame argument. This is my attempt to analyze the election results in the light of economy. Continue reading

Nepal and Impunity: The Lies of the Prime minister and the fear of Maoists

murder suspects: the man in the middle has admitted of burying journalist dekendra thapa alive during police interrogation

murder suspects: the man in the middle has admitted of burying journalist dekendra thapa alive during police interrogation

Since judicial proceedings of the criminal acts committed during the insurgency will not be stopped/halted by courts and these acts can not also be condoned by Truth and Reconciliation Commission (‘TRC’), the prestige of peace process will be saved by the uninterrupted investigation of Dailekh incident.

By Narayan Wagle in Himal Magazine via  NNLP  (see at the end for more. Pic Prakash Adhikari via Kantipur)
Tuesday, 2nd Magh, 2069 Bikram Sambat
15 Jan 2013

When the cadres of Maoist party accused in the killing of Dekendra Thapa – Dailekh based Journalist – confessed before investigating authorities that the killing of the journalist was as per the decision taken by the District Committee of the Maoist Party, Prime minister of Nepal, Baburam Bhattarai was badly hurt (worried).

The confession of Maoist cadres shook Baburam in such a way that he got involved in false interpretation of peace process with a motive of sticking to the chair of Prime ministership. He attributed the legal proceedings of initiating a criminal case against the accused as a trap against the peace process. The barking/roaring at Kathmandu by Bhattarai was meant to be a warning to Dailekh Police and Public Prosecutors to back out from the legal proceedings. When a team consisting of representatives from Nepal Press Council (Nepal Patrakar Mahasang) went to have a dialogue with the Prime minister, the team of journalists were subjected to a rather one-sided Baburam-monologue on interpretation of Comprehensive Peace Agreement (‘CPA’) and Interim Constitution. In this process, PM Bhattarai even managed to provide intentionally falsified details and malicious interpretation to the national and international civil communities. Continue reading

Tomorrow: Thoughts of a Nepali Student in New York

The real question is what will each of us give back to the country to which we owe our identity? Or will there be no members of our generations to shoulder the responsibility – will there just be a void?

By a Nepali student
This article titled was originally published in the Nov 1-15 issue of New York Nepali Samachar.

Still cannot get to sleep, I turn lazily to the other side of the bed. I open my eyes to glance at the alarm clock; the green digits read 2:00. Five more hours and it is going to come to life, force me out of bed to go to school, then work, and back home late at night. Time never stops, does it? Time passes away with each blink of an eye, and it is up to us to utilize it. The feeling of uneasiness grips me again; and the reason is suddenly clear. I have been thinking about my conversation with Dikshya di and Dipendra dai over tea this afternoon. I have been thinking about what next after graduation.

There are many Nepali students like me in the United States, and many more scattered in countries all over the globe, who have left Nepal in pursuit of higher education. The number is definitely substantial, as I myself have only a handful of friends back home. As students we make immense sacrifices to get that degree we came here for. We think of graduating as our salvation. We hope for an American dream, to get rich and have that perfect house and the perfect job. But what are the chances? And what about Nepal, the essence of who we are? So, when Dipendra dai and Dikshya di both voiced their decision to go back to Nepal after graduation, I had an array of emotions. Shock, admiration, confusion, respect.

Continue reading

After the Maoist Victory, Power Sharing a Tricky Issue

By Ameet Dhakal

As the largest party in the Constituent Assembly but without a majority, the CPN (Maoist) is certain to lead a coalition government. What is uncertain, however, is what sort of coalition it would be and how power will be shared among the major parties.

One thing is sure — negotiations on the formation of the coalition government are not going to be plain sailing. Continue reading

Jimmy Carter Came, Talked, Smiled and Went (Thanks Mr President!)

Here is the statement by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter made on June 16, last of his four-day trip to Nepal

I’m happy to be back in Nepal and to be briefed by The Carter Center’s long-term observers, political leaders, marginalized groups, and election officials here. I admire deeply what’s been accomplished by the people of this great country over the past year. The Carter Center is here to support you in any way that we can, and to that end our long-term observers have been deployed since March visiting over 70 districts to learn about the electoral and political environment.

Constituent Assembly election

Nepal is in the midst of a historic transformation and this difficult process requires shared commitment from the government, civil society, marginalized groups, and most importantly the public. The country has set itself the essential goal of holding a constituent assembly election, and I support the significant progress toward that objective that has been made during my short time here. I urge the government to swiftly complete all necessary electoral preparations in order to hold an election in the month of Mangsir (November/December), including announcing a date and resolving any outstanding issues such as the electoral constituencies. Compromise will be necessary to avoid conflict during this period.

Carter in Press Conference (Saturday)

My opinion is the United States should establish some communication with the Maoists because it is obvious that the people of Nepal have accepted the Maoists as playing a role in the shaping of the future of this country. I think the United States’ beneficial influence here will be increased if they can talk freely to all the parties involved. Maoists have complied with UN requirements, disarmed to some degree and adopted the principle of multi-party democracy. I hope there will be a time in the future when the United States can have free communication with all the important political players who will shape the future of Nepal.

When asked whether he is going to take some initiative to make the US government lift the terrorist tag, Carter said he doesn’t have any authority at all but he would send a report to the White House and the State Department. He didn’t use the words “lifting”, “terrorists” or “tags” but emphasized more than once that the US government should establish contacts with all parties that have been in the political framework legally.

Carter refuted the claim made by Dr. Baburam Bhattarai the other day after meeting the former president that he told the Maoist leaders not to listen to the US ambassador in Nepal.

Additionally, I would like to highlight two areas which I believe deserve increased focus in order to allow for an honest and credible election and future progress towards peace and reconciliation: Continue reading

Monarchy Can Be Abolished in Nepal, Constitutionally!

The Lead: Now parliament can remove the monarchy by a two third majority if it finds the 240 year old feudal institution meddling with the election of constitution assembly election. The parliament yesterday passed a bill that has amended the constitution and added the new provision on monarchy. The Maoist has been demanding that the republic be declared by the parliament before the CA election while Nepali Congress maintains that the first meeting of the CA should decide the fate of monarchy.

By Yuvraj Acharya in the Kathmandu Post

KATHMANDU, June 13 – The Interim Parliament effected the second amendment to the five-month-old Interim Constitution on Wednesday, empowering parliament to abolish the 240-year-old institution of the crown, and deferring the constituent assembly poll till Mangshir (mid-December). The parliament at its meeting added a separate sub-clause to Article 159 of the Constitution that authorizes the interim legislature to abolish monarchy by a two-third majority.

The government is to table a motion for the abolition of the monarchy if the cabinet concludes that the king is creating serious obstacle to constituent assembly polls. No authority except the cabinet will have the power to decide whether or not the king is creating such an obstacle. Continue reading

YCL, Sita Ram Prasain and Anger of Girija Koirala

The government of Girja Prasad Koirala is responsible to the YCL action against currupt and bank defaulter Sita Ram Prasain

sitaram_prasain.jpg
Sitaram Prasain in Tundikhel on Monday (4 June). Pic by Shaligram Tiwari via Kantipur

Many of us have been asking this question since the day before yesterday when we knew that the YCL “arrested” Sita Ram Prasain, corrupt and bank defaulter from his office in a dramatic manner: How do you react? Many people have been reacting in two ways:

1. That’s wrong but this guy should have been arrested by the state long time ago.
2. That’s right because this state is not representing the rule of law (which means arresting Sita Ram) and, in that case, anyone can take laws in their own hands.

The Maoist youth wing Young Communist League (YCL) Monday handed over “wanted” former chairman of Nepal Cottage and Small Industries Development Bank (NCSIDB) Sita Ram Prasain to Kathmandu Police during a press meeting yesterday afternoon. The YCL had taken Prasain – against whom the government had issued arrest warrant for involvement in financial irregularities — under its custody Sunday alleging the police of “showing no interest in making his arrest.”

“We handed Prasain, who has been involved in corruption and irregularities to the police to take action against him. We took this step to begin the process of building a corruption free new Nepal. Although Prasain admitted of committing financial irregularities, he maintained that no arrest warrant had been issued against him.”- Sagar, Valley Incharge of YCL.

“I did not do any wrong and I am ready to face any punishment if the court finds me guilty. I did not get any summon and I am not involved in activities to destroy the bank.”- Sita Ram Prasain

Continue reading