Category Archives: American Diplomatic Cable

An Analysis of Corruption in Nepal: Is It Becoming Socially Acceptable?

Siromani Dhungana/UWB

It is no surprise that Nepal is a very corrupt country, but a cause of worry today is that politicians are robbing the state coffer openly and sometimes ‘proudly’ in Nepal.

This is an analysis of very recent allegations of corruption against our politicians, which have mostly gone un-answered.

Here are a few examples:

News 1: Nagarik Daily published a series of in-depth investigative reports (by Subodh Gautam) about erosion of Chure Hills in its February 22 and 23 editions. The news has hinted the apathy of the police to control rampant illegal activities in the Chure area. According to the articles, around 0.75 billion Nepali rupees have been misused under President´s Chure Conservation Program (PCCP). Can the commission for the investigation of abuse of authority (CIAA), an anti-graft body in Nepal, and the government agencies concerned, bring the guilty under scanner? Many believe they canno

News 2: On the February 22 edition, Annapurna Post published an article (by Govinda Pariyar) about import of sub-standard medicines worth Rs 500 million from India. According to the article, the government has been importing medicines that the Indian government has banned. The issue should have received a great deal of government attention, especially because this directly relates to the health of a large population, but no legal action has been initiated so far. Continue reading

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अमेरिकाले कसरी हेर्छ नेपाललाई भारतीय आँखाबाट

नेपालमा भारतको राजनीतिक, सांस्कृतिक र भौगोलिक प्रभाव नौलो होइन । महाशक्ति अमेरिकाले नेपाललाई हेर्दा भारतीय नजरबाटै हेर्ने कुरो पनि नौलो होइन । अघिल्लो साता सार्वजनिक अमेरिकी सरकारका दस्तावेजले त्यो ‘हेराइ’ कसरी हुन्छ भन्ने देखाउँछन् जो धेरैका लागि नौलो र रुचिपूर्ण हुनसक्छ

how uncle sam sees nepal through indian eyes

कसरी हेर्छ अमेरिका हामीलाई भारतीय आँखाबाट

दिनेश वाग्ले
वाग्ले स्ट्रिट जर्नल
यो लेख आजको कान्तिपुरमा प्रकाशित भएको हो । पत्रिकाकै पन्नामा हेर्ने भए यहाँ क्लिके हुन्छ ।

[UWB note: For those who are subscribed to this site but don’t understand Nepali, this article, published in today’s Kantipur- a full page- is based on US diplomatic cables recently exposed by Wikileaks that show how Americans and Indians work (closely?) on Nepal. Here are related cables.]

०६२/०३ को जनआन्दोलन सुरु हुनु एक महिनाअघि सन् २००६ को मार्चमा भारत गएका अमेरिकी राष्ट्रपति जर्ज डब्लु बुसले नयाँ दिल्लीको हैदराबाद हाउसस्थित मुगल बगैंचामा भारतीय प्रधानमन्त्री मनमोहन सिंहसँग उभिँदै नेपालबारे बोलेका थिए । अङ्ग्रेजीका २५ शब्द, दुई अर्धविराम र एउटा पूर्णविरामयुक्त त्यो वाक्यमा बुसले भनेका थिए, ‘नेपालमा माओवादीले हिंसा त्याग्नुपर्छ र लोकतान्त्रिक संस्थाहरूको पुनःस्थापना गर्न राजाले राजनीतिक दलहरूसँग संवाद गर्नुपर्छ भन्नेमा हामी सहमत भयौं ।’

हामी अर्थात् बुस र सिंह, अमेरिका र भारत ।

ज्ञानेन्द्रको प्रत्यक्ष शासनअन्तर्गतको त्यतिबेलाको नेपालमा त्यो एउटा वाक्यले कम्पन उत्पन्न गराएको थियो । त्यसले तत्कालीन तानाशाहलाई थप दबाबमा पारेको थियो भने आन्दोलित पार्टीहरूलाई उत्साहित । अहिले अनुमान गर्न सजिलो भएको छ, त्यो वाक्य बुसले त्यतिबेला त्यत्तिकै बोलेका थिएनन् ।

‘आँखामा आँखा’

त्यसको चार दिनअघि काठमान्डुमा नेपालका लागि तत्कालीन भारतीय राजदूत शिवशंकर मुखर्जी र तत्कालीन अमेरिकी राजदूत जेम्स एफ मोरियार्टीले त्यसको आधार तयार पारेका थिए । Continue reading

American Diplomatic Cable: The United States and India Must “See Eye-to-Eye on Nepal”

2006-02-27 11:56

S E C R E T KATHMANDU 000566

SIPDIS
NOFORN
SIPDIS

NSC FOR MILLARD/RICHELSOPH
DEPT FOR SCA/INS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/27/2016
TAGS: PREL PGOV MARR PINS IN NP
SUBJECT: INDIAN AMBASSADOR: SUMMIT AN IDEAL OPPORTUNITY TO PRESSURE KING

REF: KATHMANDU 473

Classified By: Ambassador James F. Moriarty, reasons 1.4 (b/d).

Summary
——-

ś1. (S/NF) Indian Ambassador Mukherjee believes it important
that we show the King and the people of Nepal that we remain
closely lashed up with respect to handling the situation
here. In a February 27 conversation, Mukherjee suggested
that it would be particularly useful if the President and
Prime Minister Singh discussed Nepal during their upcoming
conversations and pointed out that fact publicly. Mukherjee
agreed that pressure was building on King Gyanendra and hoped
that staying the course and encouraging peaceful activities
by the parties would lead to positive change; he shied away
from my suggestions that the GOI might consider options to
significantly up the ante on the King. Mukherjee noted that
he had been pushing Nepal’s political parties to push the
Maoists in a peaceful direction and would urge India’s
intelligence agencies to begin giving a similarly tough
message to the Maoists. Continue reading

American Diplomatic Cable: India Doesn’t Want (in a Diplomatic Language) the United States to Provide Guns but High Tech Weapons to Nepal

2003-09-25 10:34

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NOFORN

STATE FOR SA/INS
NSC FOR MILLARD
LONDON FOR POL – GURNEY

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/23/2013
TAGS: PREL PTER MCAP PGOV IN NP
SUBJECT: NEPAL: INDIAN AMBASSADOR REPORTS ADVANCES IN BILATERAL SECURITY COOPERATION
REF: A. KATHMANDU 1859
śB. KATHMANDU 1692

Classified By: AMB. MICHAEL E. MALINOWSKI. REASON: 1.5(B,D).

——- SUMMARY ——–

ś1. (S/NF) According to Indian Ambassador Shyam Saran, bilateral consultations between Indian and Nepali security and intelligence officers in Kathmandu on Sept 22-23 proceeded “”exceptionally well”” as a first step in institutionalizing security assistance and information exchange between the two governments. The GOI believes it can provide most of Nepal’s requirements for conventional military equipment, according to Saran, and looks to the USG to provide “”high-tech”” equipment. New initiatives include regularizing contacts between the two countries’ respective border security units and GOI training on how to counter urban terrorism. While both Ambassadors agreed that their efforts to promote a reconciliation between the political parties and the Palace had not so far proven successful, Saran reported that the Government of Nepal (GON) is considering holding phased national and local elections in 2004. Continue reading

American Diplomatic Cable: US Asks India- Did You Encourage Nepali Maoist to Hit US? India Says: NOOOOOOO

2003-08-05 09:42

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DEPT FOR SA, SA/INS
NSC FOR MILLARD

E.O. 12958: DECL:08/05/03
TAGS: PREL PTER PGOV NP IN
SUBJECT: INDIAN NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR PLEDGES
TO COORDINATE WITH THE US IN CONTACTS WITH NEPAL’S MAOISTS

REF: A) KATHMANDU 1461 (NOTAL)

Classified by: Ambassador Michael E. Malinowski for
reasons 1.5 (b,d).

ś1. (S) Summary. According to the Indian Ambassador to
Nepal, India’s National Security Advisor Brajesh Mishra
has reaffirmed the Indian Government’s (GOI’s) policy of
synchronizing with the U.S. its tough talking points for
Nepal’s Maoist leaders. Mishra reportedly also pledged
that his Government, in its dialogue with the Maoists,
has never encouraged the militants to attack or to
threaten US interests in Nepal. Continue reading

American Diplomatic Cable: India Stops a Plane Carrying 3,000 American M16A2 Rifles for Nepal Army

Plus, Americans visit 3rd Brigade Headquarters and, in another Cable, invite their SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES to fight Nepali Maoists (below)

2002-12-31 11:26

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NOFORN

STATE FOR SA/INS
LONDON FOR POL/REIDEL

E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/31/2012
TAGS: IN NP PGOV PTER RU
SUBJECT: NEPAL: MILITARY AID RUNS AGROUND ON THE SHOALS OF
BUREAUCRACY

Classified By: Ambassador Michael Malinowski for reasons b,d.

ś1. (C) Summary: Delivery of M16A2 rifles for the Royal
Nepalese Army (RNA), already two months later than scheduled,
was delayed again on December 24 when the Government of India
(GOI) denied overflight permission for the transport plane.
The delay makes the US arms shipment the third in a string of
military assistance packages that have fallen victim to
bureaucratic obstacles on their way to Nepal. Continued
delay in provision of promised military aid is prompting the
Government of Nepal (GON) to look to India and other sources
for an interim solution to its critical equipment needs. End
summary. Continue reading

American Diplomatic Cable: Home Min Sitaula Will Stay on to the Displeasure of American and Indian Ambassadors in Kathmandu

2007-06-18 13:21

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E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/18/2017
TAGS: PREL PGOV PTER KDEM MARR IN NP
SUBJECT: NEPAL: INDIAN OFFICIALS TAKE TOUGHER STAND ON MAOISTS

REF: KATHMANDU 1112

Classified By: Ambassador James F. Moriarty. Reasons 1.4 (b/d).

Summary

——-
¶1. (C) On June 15, Indian Ambassador Shiv Shankar Mukherjee confirmed to the Ambassador that the Government of India had taken a tougher line on Maoist abuses. Mukherjee’s recent visit to New Delhi had coincided with the visit of Communist Party of Nepal – United Marxist Leninist General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal. According to Mukherjee, who sat in on a June 6 meeting between Indian Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee and MK Nepal, the Foreign Minister had expressed concern that the law and order situation in Nepal continued to deteriorate and Maoist abuses had gone unpunished. Moreover, Foreign Minister Mukherjee had been categorical in his discussion with MK Nepal that the Maoists should not be integrated into the Nepal Army. Ambassador Mukherjee asserted that the GOI would not tolerate continued attempts by the Maoist splinter Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (“”People’s Terai Liberation Front””) (JTMM) to derail the Constituent Assembly election. He agreed that the Maoists had not showed a true commitment to joining the political mainstream. Continue reading

American Diplomatic Cable: A Silent Indian in a Multinational Meeting on Nepal

2007-02-09 12:45

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E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/09/2017
TAGS: PREL PGOY PTER UN NP
SUBJECT: U.S., UK, INDIA, AND UN DISCUSS CHALLENGES CONFRONTING THE POLICE

REF: KATHMANDU 03268

Classified By: Ambassador James F. Moriarty. Reasons 1.4 (b/d).

SUMMARY
——-

¶1. (C) In a February 6 meeting with the Ambassador, UK
Ambassador Hall, UN Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) head Ian Martin,
and an Indian Embassy representative, a visiting UK security
assessment team described the key challenges facing the
police as: 1) the absence of public debate on public security
and police reform; 2) lack of leadership within the Police
and Home Ministry to catalyze needed reform efforts; 3)
abysmally low morale among the police force; 4) misguided
planning for security ahead of planned June 2007 elections;
and 5) lack of police preparedness to address key security
challenges. The UK team recommended the gathered Missions
press for a scenario-based discussion to encourage Home
Ministry and Police leadership to plan ahead for election
security and issue necessary directives. The UK team also
highlighted the need to balance short-term election security
efforts with longer-term reform, and discussed how to
influence the development of the forthcoming Police Act,
promote a national-level committee on public safety/security
to encourage public debate and explore expansion of community
policing. Continue reading

American Diplomatic Cable: Indians, Allergic to Police Advisor Reference, Wanted to Change UN Resolution on Mission In Nepal

2007-01-18 12:27

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SIPDIS

DEPT FOR SCA/INS, IO

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/18/2017

TAGS: PREL PGOV NP UN

SUBJECT: NEPAL: INDIANS WANT POLICE ADVISORS,
EXPLOSIVES OUT OF DRAFT UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION

Classified By: Ambassador James F. Moriarty. Reasons 1.4 (b/d).

Summary
——-

¶1. (C) Indian Ambassador Mukherjee requested a meeting with
the Ambassador January 18 to relay New Delhi’s concern with
references in the draft UN Security Resolution (UNSCR) on
Nepal to police advisors as well as the U.S.-proposed clause
on explosive devices. Ambassador Mukherjee said that, while
India would not block the presence of UN police advisors, it
did not want the advisors explicitly mentioned in the
resolution, citing the potential for mission creep and UN
“intrusiveness” in a Nepal-led election process. Mukherjee
also said India preferred that language on mines, improvised
explosive devices (IEDs), and unexploded ordinance be
omitted. These arms management details were already included
in the prior November 28 Agreement on the Management of Arms
and Armies, he said. Ambassador Mukherjee reiterated India’s
goal of a focused and limited UN Mission in Nepal with
ownership of the peace process firmly in the hands of the
Nepali Government. Both Ambassadors agreed that speedy
finalization of a resolution was critical for success of arms
management, and that small details in the draft UNSCR’s
language should not get in the way of its rapid adoption. Continue reading

American Diplomatic Cable: US Criticizes India for Unfairly Treating Nepal

…we remain deeply concerned over India’s apparent unwillingness to collaborate fully in regional efforts which stand to bring much-needed, long-term benefit to poverty-stricken Nepal.

2003-03-04 04:50 
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STATE FOR SA DAS DON CAMP, SA/INS, AND SA/RA
STATE PLEASE PASS AID/ANE - D MCCLUSKEY, C LOWRY, G
WEYNAND, J WILSON
LONDON FOR POL/RIEDEL
NSC FOR E MILLARD 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/03/2008
TAGS: EAID ECIN ENRG PREL
SUBJECT: INDO-NEPAL CROSS-BORDER ENERGY TRADE STAGNATES 

REF: KATHMANDU 314 

Classified By: DCM Robert K. Boggs, for reasons 1.5(b) and (d). 

ś1.  (C) SUMMARY: Nepal's Minister for Water Resources Dipak
Gyawali is sharply critical of India's policies on
cross-border energy trade.  He told us that he believes New
Delhi focuses on the strategic aspects of water and energy to
the exclusion of economics.  Despite Nepal's current power
surplus, Gyawali understands that Nepal will need to develop
storage capacity in the future, in addition to slated
run-of-the-river projects, in order to compensate for the
high seasonal variability of water flows.  He believes that
joint venture models have the greatest potential for tapping
Nepal's huge hydroelectric potential.  In our view, India's
resistance to joining South Asian regional initiatives is
holding back the economic development of both countries and
will impede national as well as donor-funded efforts to
alleviate South Asia's poverty.  Please see action request
for Department and Embassy New Delhi in final paragraph.  End
Summary.

Continue reading