Monthly Archives: September 2008

On the Highway to People’s Republic

By Krishna Giri

I do not know much about Tanka P Acharya, who broke the traditional trend by visiting China, and hence can not speculate on the facts of media coverage then. However, when Maoist supremo followed Acharya’s footsteps, many Nepali and Indian tabloid have covered the news as ‘first time’ adding historic, challenging, brave etc. Keeping the tradition of ‘Baleko Ago Tapne’, media and civic societies never bother to compare the trip in its core terms. The purpose of Achary’s trip to China was to show the integrity and sovereignty of an independent nation, when India was trying to swallow the region after freeing from multiple generation of colonisation. Where as, Prachanda’s trip to China was to visit the Mao’s home, a shrine for communists, and to appreciate the success of a totalitarian regime. In Hindu traditions, when people start to do some ‘Subhakarya’, they visit some temple and Prachanda did exactly the same by visiting the Mao’s home to initiate his mission to establish Nepal as People’s Republic. His mission has started from China but it will not be completed without getting blessings from India. And he is back after having mysterious blessings from India. We do not know the contents in that package of blessings but he had illustrated to the world a lucid picture of a Nepali executive head while hugging Indian PM. His posture, gesture, facial expression, and body language were by no means a representation of a PM and if I have to compare that event with some one, I would compare that with a 5 year old hugging an uncle who offers him/her heaps of lollies. Nevertheless, I do respect him as a leader but not his ideology. Continue reading

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On the Highway to People’s Republic

By Krishna Giri

I do not know much about Tanka P Acharya, who broke the traditional trend by visiting China, and hence can not speculate on the facts of media coverage then. However, when Maoist supremo followed Acharya’s footsteps, many Nepali and Indian tabloid have covered the news as ‘first time’ adding historic, challenging, brave etc. Keeping the tradition of ‘Baleko Ago Tapne’, media and civic societies never bother to compare the trip in its core terms. The purpose of Achary’s trip to China was to show the integrity and sovereignty of an independent nation, when India was trying to swallow the region after freeing from multiple generation of colonisation. Where as, Prachanda’s trip to China was to visit the Mao’s home, a shrine for communists, and to appreciate the success of a totalitarian regime. In Hindu traditions, when people start to do some ‘Subhakarya’, they visit some temple and Prachanda did exactly the same by visiting the Mao’s home to initiate his mission to establish Nepal as People’s Republic. His mission has started from China but it will not be completed without getting blessings from India. And he is back after having mysterious blessings from India. We do not know the contents in that package of blessings but he had illustrated to the world a lucid picture of a Nepali executive head while hugging Indian PM. His posture, gesture, facial expression, and body language were by no means a representation of a PM and if I have to compare that event with some one, I would compare that with a 5 year old hugging an uncle who offers him/her heaps of lollies. Nevertheless, I do respect him as a leader but not his ideology. Continue reading

The Maoist Budget of Rs 236 Billion: Bold but Not Beautiful

In their first ever budget speech, the Maoists promise to build the infrastructures and propel the economic growth that they mercilessly destroyed and pushed back in the name of revolution during the decade-long insurgency

By Prem Khanal
the Kathmandu Post

The first fiscal-year budget of the Democratic Republic of Nepal unveiled yesterday by the Maoists-led government was extraordinarily ambitious both in mobilization of resources and in expenditures.

The budget for fiscal year 2008/09, which vows to start building a solid platform for putting the economy onto a double-digit growth track in two years, proposes to spend Rs 236 billion – almost Rs 647 million per day. However, experts say that the budget, which plans to raise expenditure by 45 percent in a single year, lacks concrete plans for improving the poor capacity for implementation of development projects, a key factor in the low absorption of allocated budgetary amounts. Continue reading

The Koshi Deluge: A History of Disaster for Nepal

Impact of Koshi’s devastation

The Koshi River breached on the nose of spur 12.90 and 12.10 on the eastern embankment, 12 km north of the barrage near midnight on August 18, 2008. Immediately, five Village Development Committees (VDCs) — West Kushaha, Haripur, Sripur, Laukahi, and Bokraha of Sunsari District — of Nepal and 14 Districts in Bihar, India were inundated by severe flooding. About a dozen people were killed in Nepal and 42 in India as of now. There are several reports that many more are missing. In the initial days, displaced persons were compelled to drink unsafe (Koshi flooded) water which resulted in 20 deaths due to cholera and other water borne illnesses. Many people have suffered eye disorders such as conjunctivitis. Children are suffering from pneumonia. About 60,000 inhabitants in 10,530 families of Sunsari district have been evacuated, whereas one million have been in Bihar. Koshi is also called Sapta Koshi – which includes seven major tributaries (Sun Koshi, Tama Koshi, Dudh Koshi, Indrawati, Likhu, Arun and Tamar) and 125 small tributaries in Nepal. Continue reading

Policies and Programmes of a Maoist Led Govt

It’s a nice essay but nothing substantial, said chief opposition party NC’s leader Sher Bahadur deuba about the government’s program and policies document.
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With an aim to take the peace process to a logical end, the Maoist-led government today publicized its policies and programmes. Brining out new constitution on time (within two years) is hight on the list of commitments. President Ram Baran Yadav read out the policies and programmes for the fiscal year 2065/66 at the Constituent Assembly (CA). The 84-point document promises to write the statute in coordination with all political parties within the specified time. “The government’s principal responsibility is to assist in taking the peace process to a logical end, turning the socio-economic transformation towards a progressive direction and writing the federal democratic constitution, as per the people’s aspirations, within specified time,” said the document. Continue reading

New YCL in Town

After UML, Nepali Congress follows the YCL path of the Maoist party

Following the example of the Maoists’ YCL and the CPN-UML’s Youth Force, Nepal Tarun Dal (NTD), youth wing of Nepali Congress, has formed its own separate group “to combat corruption and anarchy”. NTD aims to mobilizing the party’s youths to counter the activities of YCL and Youth Force of the two major leftist parties. However, its leaders said their youth group with will be different in nature from YCL and Youth Force. “We have not set up a force like the YCL and Youth Force, but a taskforce to launch a nationwide public awareness campaign against all kinds of corruption,” said Uday Shumsher Rana, vice-president of NTD. “It won’t scuffle with YCL and Youth Force physically but will always be ready to face any situation while carrying out its anti-graft political campaign.” NTD Secretary Janmajaya Timilsina has been assigned to lead the campaign. The NTD’s decision comes amidst wide criticism that YCL and Youth Force are taking the law in their hands and ignoring the authority of law enforcement units of the state. Continue reading

Is New Nepal Heading Toward [Maoist] People’s Republic?

By Conflict Study Center

On August 21, 2008, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), CPN (UML) and Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (MJF) agreed on the Common Minimum Program (CMP), Code of Conduct (CoC), Modus Operandi of the Government (MOG) and the formation of a Political Coordination Committee (PCC). The documents were signed by Prime Minister and President of the CPN (Maoist) Puspa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda), UML General Secretary Jhala Nath Khanal, and Forum chair Upendra Yadav.

The 50-point CMP is divided into: (i) Nationalism, (ii) Federal Democratic Republic, (iii) Peace and Security, (iv) Relief and Reconstruction, and (v) Socio-Economic Transformation. The excerpts of CPMs are:

(i) Nationalism concerning to unity and promotion

• Nepal’s sovereignty, national unity, independence and integrity shall be preserved, giving national importance to self-respect.
• National security, foreign policy, utilization of water resources, and mobilization of foreign assistance shall be based on Nepal’s sovereignty, independence, and welfare. Unequal treaties and agreements shall be reviewed.
• The foreign policy regarding neighbors shall be based on national interest, the UN Charter, non-alignment and the theory of Panchasheel.
• Financial assistance shall be taken from friendly forces, the UN and donor communities in the course of Nepal’s economic and livelihood development.
• National integrity and balance foreign policy shall be mobilized to internationalize and resolve the Bhutanese refugee situation. Continue reading