Monthly Archives: December 2006

Saddam Hussein Execution and Nepal Maoist Reaction

Dictator Who Ruled Iraq With Violence Is Hanged for Crimes Against Humanity

BAGHDAD, Saturday, Dec. 30- Saddam Hussein, the dictator who led Iraq through three decades of brutality, war and bombast before American forces chased him from his capital city and captured him in a filthy pit near his hometown, was hanged just before dawn Saturday during the morning call to prayer. The final stages for Mr. Hussein, 69, came with terrible swiftness after he lost the appeal, five days ago, of his death sentence for the killings of 148 men and boys in the northern town of Dujail in 1982. -New York Times

Maoists flay Saddam Hussein’s execution

KATHMANDU, Dec 30 – The Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M) on Saturday flayed the execution of deposed Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. Issuing a statement today, CPN-M spokesperson Krishna Bahadur Mahara said the news of the execution of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has drawn “grave attention” of the party. CPN-M said, “Hussein’s execution – orchestrated by the Bush administration – is not only a grave violation of human right but also a glaring example of the US’s double standards on the issues of human rights and democracy.” “The CPN-M condemns the decision by the puppet government in Iraq to execute Saddam Hussein,” the release said, slamming the decision as a “blatant violation of human rights norms.” “Regardless of who killed whom, the act is against international humanitarian law and against the fundamental right to life,” the statement added.-eKantipur

former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein execution It’s very difficult to support or condemn the execution of former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein. We might find it unsuitable because we don’t have the provision of execution in Nepal. And it is no new news that probably dozens of people are being executed daily in the world. While condemning the execution, we should not forget that what Saddam did against his people as a dictator was definitely crime against humanity. We can argue that capital punishment itself is not a good form of punishment but while doing so it wouldn’t be appropriate to single out certain case and express our opinion for or against it. There is legal provision of capital punishment in many countries including the United States, China and India and people are being executed daily in those countries after their judiciary decides to use that form of punishment. There is whole lot of movement going on in the world for and against the capital punishment. I am happy that we don’t have such form of punishment in Nepal and wish other countries also get rid of this. But I don’t want to single out the Saddam Hussein case and say that it’s bad.

Yes, I am against the capital punishment but I don’t want to single out the any specific case and condemn the execution of Saddam Hussein. Execution itself it bad! And I agree with Nepali Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala that “capital punishment should be abolished from the world.” “The death penalty is against human civilization,” Koirala told journalists today.

Here is what I found in Wikipedia on the issue:

Capital punishment is a contentious issue. Supporters of capital punishment argue that it deters crime, prevents recidivism, and is an appropriate punishment for the crime of murder. Opponents of capital punishment argue that it does not deter criminals more than life imprisonment, violates human rights, leads to executions of some who are wrongfully convicted, and discriminates against minorities and the poor. It is also argued that capital punishment is a hypocritical punishment, especially in murder cases, as it implies killing a certain individual is wrong before exacting the same action upon them.

Now about the Maoist reaction on the execution. Even if the Maoist statement says “regardless of who killed whom” it is not difficult to conclude that the rage comes because the United States, the enemy of the Maoists, is involved in the execution. The irony is that Maoists themselves have performed same kind of execution of many innocent Nepali in Nepal when they were waging peoples’ war. Who will forget the inhuman execution of Mukti Nath Adhikari? What about those, to use the words from the Maoists statement, “blatant violation of human rights norms” comrades? I think first Maoists should see themselves in mirror before commenting on others’ deeds.

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Budhha boy meditating at new venue

BY SHANKAR ACHARYA/ UPENDRA LAMICHHANE

BARA, Dec 27 – “Buddha” boy, Ram Bahadur Bomjan, who was found on Monday after disappearing for 10 months, resumed meditation at a new site at Halkhorea pond, Tuesday.

Bomjan reached the area, some eight kilometers away from Baghjhor–where he was discovered by a group of hunters on Monday night–after covering the distance on foot for three hours.

As per his “new announcement” on Monday, he started meditating under the historic five hundred-year-old tree near the pond.

“He’s now begun meditating in the same posture like in the past,” informed chairman of Namo Buddha Committee Bed Bahadur Lama.

Bomjan left Baghjhor jungle with his sister Manmaya and a local Indra Lama, whom Bomjan chose as his helper. “We three walked till here during night time. But he did not talk to us throughout the journey,” Manmaya told.

She claimed that he did not speak to anyone from Monday night.

Following these developments, locals have been continuing to turn up in huge numbers for a glimpse of the meditating teenager.

The new venue is located some 12 kilometers away from Pasaha River bridge of Pathlaiya-Nijgadh section of the East -West Highway. (more)

Communal Tension:Nepalgunj incident

Nepalgunj has remained a sensitive place ever since it showed signs of Hindu Muslim clash in 2004 after 12 Nepalese were killed in Iraq. And the recurrence of another communal conflict when the nation is in transition can be signs of danger if not addressed on time. Here is more about the first curfew order issued by the government after the 19 day April Movement from Ekantipur

6-hour curfew clamped in Nepalgunj

By J Pandey

BANKE, Dec 26 – The District Administration Office of Banke on Tuesday imposed a curfew in the wake of a rising tide of communal tensions in Nepalgunj.

The local administration issued the curfew orders effective from 11 am to 5:30 pm today “to prevent disruption of communal harmony.”

Tensions were high in Nepalgunj following a scuffle that ensued on Monday between Madheshis (people from Terai region) and Pahades (people from Hilly region) during a Madhesh banda (general strike) called by Nepal Sadbhawana Party (Anandidevi) (NSP-A).

A scuffle ensued this morning between protestors and transport entrepreneurs against vandalism that went on during yesterday’s strike, following which the DAO imposed the curfew order.

The police fired at least six rounds of tear gas earlier today in addition to firing shots in the air to control the street violence.

Both sides however defied the curfew order as they continued their agitation on the streets.

Meanwhile, major political parties including Nepali Congress, CPN-UML, NC-D, Jana Morcha Nepal, NSP-A, CPN-Maoist have appealed the locals to show restraint and to prevent the situation from worsening.

Likewise, representatives of the civil society, journalists and various others professional organizations also urged the locals not to act against the spirit of communal harmony.

This is the first curfew order issued after the April pro-democracy movement.

Aside

Share Your New Year Thoughts With Kantipur: It’s time to welcome yet another New Year: 2007. How many New Years do we Nepalis welcome in a year in Nepal, by the way? Three? Our own Bikram Sambat will have a … Continue reading

Indian Fundamentalists Demand Nepal be Declared a Hindu State

The Hindu fundamentalists of India have demanded that Nepal be declare a Hindu State and its constitutional monarchy restored. Speaking at the Vishwa Hindu Mahasammelan (VHM) in Gorakhapur, India on Saturday (Dec 23), the Dharmacharyas (religious leaders) called for declaration of Nepal as Hindu state and restoration of monarchy there, according to the reports by The Hindustan Times. Here is more from HT by Rajesh Kumar Singh:

Criticising the declaration of Nepal as a secular country by seven-party interim government, Adityanath said that it should again be declared as a Hindu country and monarchy should be restored there. He called upon the saints to take an initiative for the liberation of Nepal from the clutches of Maoists. He said that the [Indian] government should impose a total ban on cow slaughter.

Hindutva remained at the top of the agenda as the participants discussed various issues related to the Hindu community. Over 500 delegates from Nepal participated in today’s meeting. They expressed concern over Maoists strengthening their hold over Nepal politics. Terming the new government as anti Hindu, they said Nepal was and would remain a Hindu country.

National president of VHM General Bharat Keshar Singh, chief of Nepal Shiv Sena Arun Subedi, former minister of Nepal Bhola Nath Jha, Swami Prapannacharya and former MP Padm Bahadur Kota also spoke on the occasion. They were unanimous in saying that anti-Hindu activities had escalated in Nepal since Maoists had tightened their grip on power. ISI and Christian missionaries have also spread their tentacles, they pointed out and added that the Hindu majority in Nepal was looking towards India for assistance.

Adityanath said Hindu organisations in India would organise yatras, congregations and joint feasts with Hindus in Nepal for restoration of the Himalayan kingdom as a Hindu country.

Aside

News we are following: Dec 24- In a bid to plug growing fissures between the government and the Maoists, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala held discussions with Maoist Chairman Prachanda and Maoist-second-in-command Dr Baburam Bhattarai Sunday morning (Dec 24) at … Continue reading

Nepal's Peace Process: Possible Threats

By Utshab Pokhrel
Guest blogger

Background: The peace process of Nepal has gained unique and extraordinary success in a very short period as comparison to the other countries. Although, there seems misunderstanding in some cases between the government and the Maoists as well as within Seven Party Alliance, they all are committed towards sustainable peace in Nepal and all are doing the best by their sides.

The great achievement of our peace process is the Comprehensive Peace Agreement made between the government and the Maoists that announcement of the end of the decade long violent conflict. It is one step forward than the Ceasefire Agreement. Now, there has already been agreement in the Interim Constitution and has cleared that in recent future Maoists are also going to be a part of the government. They have already started to keep their combatants into the cantonment and also the government has started the process of keeping the weapons of similar numbers of Nepal Army under the supervision of United Nations. This is a very precious and historic chance to Nepal government to transform the violent conflict into inclusive state, stable democracy and sustainable peace.

Although the peace process of Nepal is going very positively and optimistically, here are lots of challenges to make it success. We have to be sincere in every step from the possible negative impacts from certain decisions and the viruses of the peace process.

Possible threats to the Nepal’s Peace Process

The major threat to the peace process of Nepal is from the Royal Palace and from the Nepal Army. The palace always tries to keep some power in its hand and most of the top post officials of Nepal Army are royalists. They can’t be trusted properly. What they are saying and showing in the public now is that they are committed towards democracy. There is always a chance that they can support the Palace and try to put the people under their power. Palace is not going to leave so easily its power.

Possible polarization and misunderstanding between the SPA and the Maoists and within the SPA is another threat towards the peace process. If there seems weakness between their relationships then the enemies of peace process can get the place to play their game.

Possible fight of communal state is also another threat towards the sustainable peace in Nepal. Some elements can make it their strategy. Janatantrik Mukti Morcha and Limbuwan have already started their activities towards making fractions between Nepali and dividing Nepal into separate communal states which is definitely more harmful than the conflict started by the Maoists. The conflict guided by religion, castes or race is always more destructive than the conflict guided by the ideology and political theories.

The Constituent Assembly Election and the process of Restructuring of the State is another threat towards the sustainable peace in Nepal. The process of CA Election is very complicated and if the results of CA Elections can not represent the all classes, communities and the all sectors of the people than there is chance of another Bidhroha. Like wise, the process of restructuring the state is another complicated subject matter.

Conclusion The peace process of Nepal is going through lots of positive hopes and the every agreements and understanding have reflected the commitment of the SPA, government and the Maoists towards transforming the violent conflict into stable and inclusive state. There are some threats but those threats can be solved and can be thrown out if we all are united, integrated and make solidarity towards the sustainable peace in Nepal. Hence, there are chances of playing games by Royal Palace, Nepal Army and by some other elements, it can not do any harm to the peace process until the SPA and the Maoists are united and committed towards the peace process and people are with them.

Similarly, the issues of Janatantrik Mukti Morcha and Limbuwan as well as similar communal issues are also to be solved in this peace process to have sustainable peace and stable state. And, there needs many more discussions and interactions within all levels of the People as well as there needs to be a greater awareness programs from top to grass root level on the subject matter of CA Election and Restructuring of the State. Everybody should be cleared about the CA Election, its process, its importance, electoral system and be assured of the participation and representation. To have a sustainable peace in Nepal, the participatory approach should be followed by the government in every decision making, policy making and in every events which impacts directly in the fate of Nepali People.

Hope, it is not so far to come the day which kick out the old fashioned and the major enemy of the democracy, the monarch from this country and make we people supreme ruler of this country.

Nepal’s Peace Process: Possible Threats

By Utshab Pokhrel
Guest blogger

Background: The peace process of Nepal has gained unique and extraordinary success in a very short period as comparison to the other countries. Although, there seems misunderstanding in some cases between the government and the Maoists as well as within Seven Party Alliance, they all are committed towards sustainable peace in Nepal and all are doing the best by their sides.

The great achievement of our peace process is the Comprehensive Peace Agreement made between the government and the Maoists that announcement of the end of the decade long violent conflict. It is one step forward than the Ceasefire Agreement. Now, there has already been agreement in the Interim Constitution and has cleared that in recent future Maoists are also going to be a part of the government. They have already started to keep their combatants into the cantonment and also the government has started the process of keeping the weapons of similar numbers of Nepal Army under the supervision of United Nations. This is a very precious and historic chance to Nepal government to transform the violent conflict into inclusive state, stable democracy and sustainable peace.

Although the peace process of Nepal is going very positively and optimistically, here are lots of challenges to make it success. We have to be sincere in every step from the possible negative impacts from certain decisions and the viruses of the peace process.

Possible threats to the Nepal’s Peace Process

The major threat to the peace process of Nepal is from the Royal Palace and from the Nepal Army. The palace always tries to keep some power in its hand and most of the top post officials of Nepal Army are royalists. They can’t be trusted properly. What they are saying and showing in the public now is that they are committed towards democracy. There is always a chance that they can support the Palace and try to put the people under their power. Palace is not going to leave so easily its power.

Possible polarization and misunderstanding between the SPA and the Maoists and within the SPA is another threat towards the peace process. If there seems weakness between their relationships then the enemies of peace process can get the place to play their game.

Possible fight of communal state is also another threat towards the sustainable peace in Nepal. Some elements can make it their strategy. Janatantrik Mukti Morcha and Limbuwan have already started their activities towards making fractions between Nepali and dividing Nepal into separate communal states which is definitely more harmful than the conflict started by the Maoists. The conflict guided by religion, castes or race is always more destructive than the conflict guided by the ideology and political theories.

The Constituent Assembly Election and the process of Restructuring of the State is another threat towards the sustainable peace in Nepal. The process of CA Election is very complicated and if the results of CA Elections can not represent the all classes, communities and the all sectors of the people than there is chance of another Bidhroha. Like wise, the process of restructuring the state is another complicated subject matter.

Conclusion The peace process of Nepal is going through lots of positive hopes and the every agreements and understanding have reflected the commitment of the SPA, government and the Maoists towards transforming the violent conflict into stable and inclusive state. There are some threats but those threats can be solved and can be thrown out if we all are united, integrated and make solidarity towards the sustainable peace in Nepal. Hence, there are chances of playing games by Royal Palace, Nepal Army and by some other elements, it can not do any harm to the peace process until the SPA and the Maoists are united and committed towards the peace process and people are with them.

Similarly, the issues of Janatantrik Mukti Morcha and Limbuwan as well as similar communal issues are also to be solved in this peace process to have sustainable peace and stable state. And, there needs many more discussions and interactions within all levels of the People as well as there needs to be a greater awareness programs from top to grass root level on the subject matter of CA Election and Restructuring of the State. Everybody should be cleared about the CA Election, its process, its importance, electoral system and be assured of the participation and representation. To have a sustainable peace in Nepal, the participatory approach should be followed by the government in every decision making, policy making and in every events which impacts directly in the fate of Nepali People.

Hope, it is not so far to come the day which kick out the old fashioned and the major enemy of the democracy, the monarch from this country and make we people supreme ruler of this country.

Unconstitutional Moves of Koirala Government

By Prakash Bom in New York

The prerequisite directive for promulgating the Interim Constitution 2006 is the arms management of both Peoples’ Liberation Army and Nepali Army by the United Nations. Until then the nullification of the 1990 Constitution cannot be official. The formation of the Interim Parliament with the participation of the Maoist leaderships is legitimate after the activation of the Interim Constitution 2006. Only then the structure of the Interim government cabinet is viable. Under current political circumstances the Constitutional Council cannot be formed for hastily appointing the constitutional and diplomatic statues without these constitutional procedures for the Interim Constitution 2006 to be activated.

It should be obvious to nominee like former chief justice of the Supreme Court Bishwa Nath Upadhyay that such a hasty appointment is premature and constitutionally unthinkable in regard to the Peace Accord and the Interim Constitution. Such an attempt of Girija Prasad Koirala’s government has baffled not only the Maoist leaderships but also Nepali people. What has inspired such move to appoint constitutional and diplomatic statues immediately under the provision of the interim constitution (which is yet to be promulgated) is for all us to doubt the way our main political party politicians think to create new Democratic Nepal.

It is a time for every Nepali to safeguard the preliminary peace and democratic process no matter which political school of thoughts we belong. We must not forget our fundamental responsibility to reach our goal mandated by the people’s movement II for establishing complete democracy with thorough electoral process. This means we must not let the political party leaderships to continue with their old habits of undemocratic political practices to play politics in new Democratic Nepal. This is bizarre to nominate the Shailaja Acharya on diplomatic mission to India, who stood firmly against the People’s Movement II and supported openly the tyrant royal regime. This is dangerous move of the G P Koirala’s government to setup a lobby in India to bring back the king under ceremonial monarchy.

If the sovereignty of nation rest on the people then the nation is not these political parties’ own property to instigate same feudal oligarchic arbitrary decision making process without the electoral consensus of the people. They must realize that the time has changed and Nepali people will stand for their rights just they have done against the autocratic monarchy. The main political parties better change their old fashioned mindset and tradition that is rooted on the feudal oligarchic arbitrary rule of governance.

Since the Maoist leaderships are committed to the electoral democratic political system they must fight back to bring change for institutionalizing electoral procedures with all of us. For instance, if the Interim Constitution provides the provision for Constitutional Council to appoint constitutional and diplomatic statues without the Interim Parliamentary approval through hearing and voting procedure then we must fight back for the amendment.

The best solution to it is the institutionalizing the electoral democratic process for the Interim Prime Minister of Nepal to be appointed through the Interim Parliamentary hearing and voting process. It is only the electoral rights of people that the representatives of the Parliament have won through election have rights to appoint the constitutional and diplomatic statues of the nation.

After a Long Difficult Life, Time to Go Home

displaced nepalis

Two internally displaced women (pics above and below), with their children, from remote and super-improvised Mugu district of Nepal abroad an airplane in Nepalgunj airport. Many people who were living in a temporary camp in Rajhana of Banke district are returning home with the help of various non governmental organizations including Insec, B Group and INHUDEC.. 44 Mugelis flew out of Nepalgunj to Mugu on Tuesday, December 19. Most of them are from Srikot, Seri, Khamale and Narthuk VDCs. There are 17 children and 15 women among them. Member of Parliament from Mugu Chandra Bahadur Shahi and Chief District Officer of Banke Tilak Ram Sharma put tika on all returnees’ foreheads and saw them off at the airport. The Rajhena camp still houses more than one hundred internally displaced people from Humla, Jajarkot and Dailkeh districts. The local NGOs said that remaining people will also be returned soon. “Who won’t be happy on being able to return home after years of displacement?” said a jubilant Chinkala Budha of Seri. However, most of the IDPs were disappointed over the government’s indifference. Following the beginning of the peace process, a total of 500 IDPs from the Rajhena camps have returned home. However, over 100 IDPs of various western districts are still languishing in the camps. Pics by Janak Nepal

displaced nepalis